[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is associated with metabolic disorder and cell death, which are important triggers in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). We aimed to explore whether NLRP3 inflammasome activation contributes to DCM and the mechanism involved.
PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(8):e104771. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is important in inflammation of several diabetic complications. However, the potential role of NLRP3 inflammasome in the inflammatory process of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) remains unclear. Although rosuvastatin (RSV) has an anti-inflammatory effect on some cardiovascular diseases, its influence on DCM is incompletely understood. We aimed to explore the effect on and underlying mechanism of RSV in DCM, and whether NLRP3 is a target for RSV.
Type 2 diabetes was induced in rat. The characteristics of type 2 DCM were evaluated by metabolic tests, echocardiography and histopathology. The expression of factors was determined by real-time RT-PCR and western blot. Eight-week RSV treatment and NLRP3 gene silencing were used to investigate the effect and underlying target of RSV in DCM.
Compared with controls, diabetic rats showed severe metabolic disorder, cardiac dysfunction, fibrosis, disorganized ultrastructure, and excessive activation of thioredoxin interacting/inhibiting protein (TXNIP, p < 0.05), NLRP3 inflammasome (NLRP3, p < 0.01; apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain [ASC], p < 0.05; caspase-1, p < 0.01), interleukin-1β (p < 0.01) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs, all p < 0.01). Compared with diabetes alone, RSV ameliorated the overexpression of NLRP3 inflammasome (NLRP3, p < 0.05; ASC, p < 0.05; pro-caspase-1 p < 0.05, caspase-1 p20, p < 0.01) and MAPKs (all p < 0.05), which paralleled the cardiac protection of RSV. Silencing NLRP3 ameliorated cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. The beneficial effects of RSV in vehicle-treated rats were all abrogated in NLRP3-silenced rats.
The beneficial effect of RSV on DCM depended on inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome, and correlated with suppression of the MAPKs.
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 11/2013; · 2.67 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Myocarditis is an acute inflammatory disease of the heart and is often a precursor of dilated cardiomyopathy. Experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) has been used as a model for human myocarditis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic role of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor, rosuvastatin, on the development of EAM.
Experimental autoimmune myocarditis was induced in BALB/c mice by immunization with murine cardiac α-myosin heavy chain (MyHc-α(614-629) [Ac-SLKLMATLFSTYASAD-OH]). High-dose (10 mg/kg/day) or low-dose (1 mg/kg/day) rosuvastatin or vehicle was administered orally by gastric gavage to mice with EAM from day 0 to day 21 after immunization. On day 21 after immunization, echocardiography was carried out and the severity of myocarditis was detected by histopathological evaluation. Levels of serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 were measured by ELISA. Histopathology was performed using haematoxylin and eosin. With apoptosis examined by Tunel, the expression of active caspase-3 in myocardium was investigated by immunohistochemistry.
Rosuvastatin attenuated the histopathological severity of myocarditis. Cardiac function was improved in the two rosuvastatin-treated groups compared to the non-treated EAM group (LVFS: high-dose rosuvastatin group [group H], 0.38 ± 0.10%; low-dose rosuvastatin group [group L], 0.34 ± 0.06%; non-treated EAM group [group N], 0.29 ± 0.07%. LVEF: group H, 0.80 ± 0.09%; group L, 0.71 ± 0.07%; group N, 0.68 ± 0.07%). Furthermore, treatment with rosuvastatin decreased the expression levels of TNF-α (group H, 65.19 ± 7.06 pg/ml; group L, 108.20 ± 5.28 pg/ml; group N, 239.34 ± 11.65 pg/ml) and IL-6 (group H, 14.33 ± 2.15 pg/ml; group L, 19.67 ± 3.04 pg/ml; group N, 40.39 ± 7.17 pg/ml). The rates of expression of active Caspase-3 and myocardial apoptosis were positively correlated with the scores for myocardial pathology.
These results demonstrate that administration of rosuvastatin can ameliorate EAM progression, inhibit apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, and preserve cardiac output, and they also suggest rosuvastatin may be a promising novel therapeutic strategy for the clinical treatment of myocarditis.
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 03/2012; 26(2):121-30. · 2.67 Impact Factor