ABSTRACT: Reactive oxygen species regulate protein functionality. Cell cycle CDC25 phosphatases are targets of such oxidative regulation in vitro. We sought to evaluate if a thioredoxin (trx)-dependent redox regulation of CDC25 exists in cancer cells. For that purpose, we used MCF7 and MDA-MB 231 breast cancer cells, which express trx1 differentially, together with two trx/thioredoxin reductase (trxR) inhibitors, Auranofin and Acrolein. Auranofin could induce a full trxR inhibition associated with ROS production in both cell lines. Acrolein could provoke similar effects only in MDA-MB 231 cells with a low trx1 expression. Simultaneous trx1 oxidation and trxR inactivation occurred only in the presence of Acrolein and resulted in a G2-M cell cycle arrest, without full CDC25 inhibition in MDA-MB 231 cells. Our data suggest that the maintenance of CDC25 activity does not fully rely on the trx system in breast cancer cells, even in the presence of a major oxidative stress.
Free radical research 02/2012; 46(5):674-89. · 2.22 Impact Factor