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ABSTRACT: To provide evidence for further reducing the maternal mortality rate (MMR) through analyzing the causes of death and influencing factors on the issue.
Every maternal death from 1996 to 2010 was audited by experts and relevant information was collected and analyzed, retrospectively.
(1) The overall MMR among Beijing residents was 20.2 per 100 000 live births in 1996 - 2000 while decreased to 14.2 per 100 000 live births from 2006 to 2010. At the same time, the MMR of migrating people decreased from 47.7 to 15.2 per 100 000 live births. (2) The proportion of women having received middle school education and above, increased from 59.8% to 78.8% and the non-prenatal care maternal ratio decreased from 39.1% to 12.7%. (3) Among the 349 deaths in the period of 1996 - 2010, 209 (59.9%) were caused by direct obstetric reasons. Proportion of obstetric hemorrhage declined from 14.4% to 9.2% and the amniotic fluid embolism declined from 20.7% to 15.0%. Prolific, non-prenatal care and private clinics/home deliveries were important factors on direct obstetric reasons. 71.4% maternal mortality of indirect causes appeared abnormal during pregnancy. (4) The WHO twelve-grade classification standard on maternal deaths was adopted. Our data showed that the main reasons causing maternal deaths of Beijing residents were related to the skills of medical staffs (62.4%) and healthcare management (19.7%). The main reasons of maternal deaths among migrating people would include: poor knowledge (41.4%), inappropriate attitude (32.3%) and resources of the families (24.0%).
The MMR in Beijing continuously declined from 1996 to 2010. However, in order to keep up with the changing causes related to maternal deaths as well as to the increasing service requirements, it is necessary to develop a new model on service and management of the issue.
Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 11/2011; 32(11):1131-4.
Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 11/2011; 32(11):1178-80.
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ABSTRACT: To analysis the trend of maternal death time and explore the impact of the variety of death causes and birth place to maternal death time.
According to the data provided by Beijing Maternal and Children Health Hospital, the 372 death cases of pregnant and lying-in women from 1995 to 2010, a retrospective study was performed to analyze the death causes, maternal death time and the influencing factors.
The MMR declined from 27.9 per 100 000 live births from 1995 to 2000 to 14.8 per 100 000 live births from 2006 to 2010, with a decline of 46.9%. Among the maternal death within 24 hours of delivery, 79.7% (106/133) died of obstetric hemorrhage, hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy and amniotic fluid embolism. It took up 47.8% (64/134) from 1995 to 2000, reduced to 37.5% (45/120) from 2006 to 2010. At the same time, the maternal mortality ratio within 24 hours reduced from 40.2%(54/134) to 28.3% (34/120), the variation of death time was consistent with the causes of maternal mortality (χ² = 59.109, P < 0.05). Indirect obstetric causes increased significantly from 2006 to 2010, 53.2% (33/62) of pregnant women with heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and pulmonary embolism died in prenatal or more than 120 hours postnatal. Among the maternal death delved in hospital, 29.0% (29/100) died within 24 hours, 52 cases delved at home or in private clinics, 43 cases (82.6%) died within 24 h postnatal. There were significant differences between birth place and death time (χ² = 24.500, P < 0.05).
Maternal death time changed from 24 hours of delivery to prenatal or postnatal a long time. The maternal mortality causes and hospital delivery is an important factor affecting maternal time.
Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] 10/2011; 45(10):940-3.