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Publications (2)4.45 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Object The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and discuss the pathogenesis of high-frequency hearing loss (HFHL) after microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS). Methods Preoperative and postoperative audiogram data and brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) from 94 patients who underwent MVD for HFS were analyzed. Pure tone audiometry at 0.25-2 kHz, 4 kHz, and 8 kHz was calculated for all individuals pre- and postoperatively ipsilateral and contralaterally. Intraoperative neurophysiological data were reviewed independently. An HFHL was defined as a change in pure tone audiometry of more than 10 dB at frequencies of 4 and 8 kHz. Results The incidence of HFHL was 50.00% and 25.53% ipsilateral and contralateral to the side of surgery, respectively. The incidence of HFHL adjusted for conductive and nonserviceable hearing loss was 26.6% ipsilaterally. The incidence of HFHL at 4 and 8 kHz on the ipsilateral side was 37.23% and 45.74%, respectively, and it was 10.64% and 25.53%, respectively, on the contralateral side. Maximal change in interpeak latency Waves I-V compared with baseline was the only variable significantly different between groups (p < 0.05). Sex, age, and side did not increase the risk of HFHL. Stepwise logistic regression analysis did not find any changes in intraoperative BAEPs to increase the risk of HFHL. Conclusions High-frequency hearing loss occurs in a significant number of patients following MVD surgery for HFS. Drill-induced noise and transient loss of CSF during surgery may impair hearing in the high-frequency ranges on both the ipsilateral and contralateral sides, with the ipsilateral side being more affected. Changes in intraoperative BAEPs during MVD for HFS were not useful in predicting HFHL. Follow-up studies and repeat audiological examinations may be helpful in evaluating the time course and prognosis of HFHL. Prospective studies focusing on decreasing intraoperative noise exposure, as well as auditory shielding devices, will establish causation and allow the team to intervene appropriately to decrease the risk of HFHL.
    Journal of Neurosurgery 02/2013; · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Facial nerve microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS) provides relief to most patients. Due to the proximity of the cochlear and facial nerves, hearing loss is a potential MVD complication, however, there is a wide range in the reported incidence of hearing loss (HL) in the literature. In order to better understand the HL incidence in our MVD population, we utilized the combination of speech discrimination scores (SDS) and air and bone pure tone threshold averages (PTA) to identify patients with no hearing change, sensorineural hearing loss, or conductive hearing loss. We also assessed the predictive value of patient-reported hearing deficits on the ultimate audiometric diagnosis of hearing loss. One hundred and fifty one patients underwent facial nerve MVD at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center between January 2000 and December 2007. Peri-operative audiometric data, including changes in air and bone pure tone thresholds and speech discrimination scores, were analyzed retrospectively. Criteria from the 1995 American Academy of Otolaryngology Committee on Hearing and Equilibrium consensus were used to analyze post-operative hearing loss. Patient-reported hearing disturbances obtained in the immediate post-operative period were compared to seven-day post-operative conductive and sensorineural HL status. Non-functional, non-serviceable HL (Class D) occurred in 6.6% of patients, while 10.6% developed cumulative non-functional HL (Class C and D). Twenty-nine patients (18.7%) exhibited conductive HL. While patient-reported complaints were predictive of Class C/D HL (<0.0001) with a 56.3% sensitivity and 92.6% specificity, patient-reported complaints were not strongly associated with conductive HL status (p = 0.369) with 17.2% sensitivity and 88.5% specificity. Perioperative hearing evaluations, in conjunction with careful scrutiny of patient complaints and air-bone pure tone testing enables the physician to more precisely quote complication rates and rapidly distinguish potentially reversible conductive hearing pathologies from permanent sensorineural disorders.
    Clinical neurology and neurosurgery 03/2012; 114(6):673-7. · 1.30 Impact Factor