ABSTRACT: Endoscopic polypectomy of colorectal polyps is a common procedure. However, endoscopic treatment of large polyps (those with a diameter exceeding 2 cm) remains questionable. There is a serious risk of colorectal carcinoma presence inside these lesions, which eventually would require surgical intervention. Apart from this fact endoscopic polypectomy of large polyps is connected with substantial risk of complications, such as perforation and bleeding. Many patients with large colorectal polyps are qualified for surgical intervention. THE AIM OF THE STUDY was to determine the efficacy and safety of polypectomy of large colorectal polyps.
The study presented results of endoscopic treatment in case of patients with large colorectal polyps at the Department of General and Colorectal Surgery, Medical University in Łódź. Patients were admitted to the hospital during the period between January, 2008 and January, 2010. The following parameters were analysed: location of polyps, percentage of high grade dysplasia, complete excision rate, and complications connected with polypectomy procedures.
During the analyzed period of time 488 endoscopic polypectomies were performed. Forty-three large colorectal polyps were removed (8.8%). Seven (16.3%) of them were classified as flat polyps. Out of 488 removed polyps, 39 were classified as adenomas with high grade dysplasia (7.9%), while 16 were large-exceeding 2 cm (37.2%). Considering the group of large polyps no invasive carcinoma case was detected. The radical excision rate for large pedunculated polyps was obtained in 88.8% (32/36) of cases. In case of flat adenomas the above-mentioned parameter was lower--57.1% (4/7). During polypectomy of large colorectal polyps one perforation was observed during the excision of a flat cecal polyp. In two cases immediate bleeding occurred (2/43). In both cases endoscopic treatment of bleeding proved sufficient.
Endoscopic polypectomy of large pedunculated polyps is a safe and efficient method, which makes it a rationale alternative for surgery. Polypectomy of flat adenomas is connected with a lower radical excision rate and higher risk of perforation.
Polish Journal of Surgery 10/2011; 83(10):531-6.
ABSTRACT: When compared with other EU countries, Poland is in the last place in terms of efficacy of rectal cancer treatment. In order to remedy this situation, in 2008 Polish centres were given the opportunity to participate in an international programme for evaluating the treatment efficacy.The aim of the study was to present the results obtained during the first two years of research.
The study protocol covered 71 questions concerning demographic data, diagnostics, risk factors, peri- and post-operative complications, histopathology, and treatment plan at discharge. The patient and unit data were kept confidential.
From 1 January 2008 to 30 December 2009, there were 709 patients recorded, of which 55.9% were males. At least one risk factor was found in approx. 3/4 of patients, while approx. 1/3 of patients were classified to group 3 and 4 according to ASA. The mean distance of the tumour from the anal margin was 8.5 cm; approx. 70% of patients were in the clinical stages cT3 and cT4; metastases were observed in 18.8%. Transrectal endoscopic ultrasonography (TREUS) was performed in 23.7% of patients, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 2.5% and computed tomography (CT) scan - in 48.1%. In close to half of the patients, anterior or low anterior resection of the rectum was performed, and abdominoperineal resection in 1/4 of the patients. Anastomotic leakage was seen in 3.8% of patients, while 1.8% died during hospitalisation.
It should be strived after that all the centres undertaking the treatment of rectal cancer should participate in the quality assurance programme. This should enable the achievement of good therapeutic results in patients with rectal cancer treated in Polish centres.
Polish Journal of Surgery 03/2011; 83(3):144-9.
ABSTRACT: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) represents a heterogeneous group of chronic disorders characterized by inflammation of gastrointestinal tract, typically with a relapsing and remitting clinical course of unknown etiology. Presumably, IBD develops with response exogenous environmental factors only in persons with genetic predisposition. This predisposition was suggested to be associated with polymorphism and mutations in genes encoding proinflammatory immune system proteins. Enhanced production of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was found in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and mice with experimental colitis. These results suggest that MIF plays a critical role in etiology of the colitis.The aim of the study was determine whether the MIF -173 G/C gene polymorphism is associated with the susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
A total of 99 IBD patients, including 58 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 41 with Crohn's disease (CD) and 436 healthy controls recruited from the Polish population, were genotyped for MIF polymorphisms. Genotyping of MIF gene polymorphism was performed by a RFLP-PCR.
We found an increased risk of UC for the C allele of the MIF-173 G/C polymorphism. The distribution of the genotypes was not significantly different in the CD group compared with the controls.
We demonstrated that the C allele is associated with an increased risk for development of UC. This suggests that the G/C polymorphism in the MIF gene promoter may be a potential risk factor for UC in Polish population.
Polish Journal of Surgery 02/2011; 83(2):76-80.