[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The publication outcomes of the abstracts presented during the ECCEO-IOF 2011 reflect a high research productivity, support the robustness of the selection process conducted by the Scientific Advisory Committee and suggest that IOF-ESCEO WCO is successful in its mission to promote and disseminate research.
The European (now World) Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculo-Skeletal Diseases (IOF-ESCEO WCO, formerly ECCEO-IOF) is the largest worldwide event fully dedicated to the clinical, epidemiological, translational and economic aspects of bone, joint and muscle diseases. The role of the Scientific Advisory Committee is to select abstracts for oral communication or poster presentation based on a short summary of the research. The aim of the present survey was to determine the publication rate in international peer reviewed journals of abstracts accepted at the IOF-ESCEO WCO 2011 Meeting (formerly ECCEO-IOF11), the relationship, if any, between the presentation format of the abstract and its subsequent full publication and the impact factor of the journal in which research was published.
Of 619 abstracts accepted at the 2011 ECCEO-IOF11 annual meeting, 45 were accepted for oral communication and 574 accepted for poster presentation. In the subsequent 3 years (2011-2014), 191 abstracts were published as a full-length manuscript (30.9 %). The publication rate was significantly higher for oral communications (75.6 %) than for poster presentations (27.4 %; p < 0.0001). Publications derived from oral communications were published in journals with a higher impact factor (8.3 ± 10.1) than those arising from poster presentations (4.0 ± 2.3; p < 0.0001), but there was no difference in the time to publication (OC 16.3 [IQR 8.4-23.3] months vs PP 11.3 [IQR 5.3-21.4]; p = 0.14).
These results indicate a high research productivity and an appropriate selection of oral communication by the Scientific Advisory Committee of ESCEO-IOF.
Archives of Osteoporosis 12/2015; 10(1):216. DOI:10.1007/s11657-015-0216-5
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Osteoarthritis (OA), a disease affecting different patient phenotypes, appears as an optimal candidate for personalized healthcare. The aim of the discussions of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (ESCEO) working group was to explore the value of markers of different sources in defining different phenotypes of patients with OA. The ESCEO organized a series of meetings to explore the possibility of identifying patients who would most benefit from treatment for OA, on the basis of recent data and expert opinion. In the first meeting, patient phenotypes were identified according to the number of affected joints, biomechanical factors, and the presence of lesions in the subchondral bone. In the second meeting, summarized in the present article, the working group explored other markers involved in OA. Profiles of patients may be defined according to their level of pain, functional limitation, and presence of coexistent chronic conditions including frailty status. A considerable amount of data suggests that magnetic resonance imaging may also assist in delineating different phenotypes of patients with OA. Among multiple biochemical biomarkers identified, none is sufficiently validated and recognized to identify patients who should be treated. Considerable efforts are also being made to identify genetic and epigenetic factors involved in OA, but results are still limited. The many potential biomarkers that could be used as potential stratifiers are promising, but more research is needed to characterize and qualify the existing biomarkers and to identify new candidates.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives A history of prior fracture is one of the strongest predictors of a future fragility fracture. In FREEDOM, denosumab significantly reduced the risk of new vertebral, nonvertebral, and hip fractures. We carried out a post hoc analysis of FREEDOM to characterize the efficacy of denosumab in preventing secondary fragility fractures in subjects with a prior fracture. Methods 7808 women aged 60-90 years with a bone mineral density T-score of less than -2.5 but not less than -4.0 at either the lumbar spine or total hip were randomized to subcutaneous denosumab 60 mg or placebo every 6 months for 36 months. The anti-fracture efficacy of denosumab was analysed by prior fracture status, to assess secondary fragility fracture, and by subject age, prior fracture site and history of prior osteoporosis medication use. Results A prior fragility fracture was reported for 45% of the overall study population. Compared with placebo, denosumab significantly reduced the risk of a secondary fragility fracture by 39% (incidence, 17.3% versus 10.5%; p<0.0001). Similar results were observed regardless of age or prior fracture site. In the overall population, denosumab significantly reduced the risk of a fragility fracture by 40% (13.3% versus 8.0%; p<0.0001), with similar results observed regardless of history of prior osteoporotic medication use. Conclusions Denosumab reduced the risk of fragility fractures to a similar degree in all risk subgroups examined, including those with prior fragility fractures. Identifying and treating high-risk individuals could help close the current care gap in secondary fracture prevention.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Several compounds are produced along the complex pathways of vitamin D3 metabolism, and synthetic analogs have been generated to improve kinetics and/or vitamin D receptor activation. These metabolites display different chemical properties with respect to the parental or native vitamin D3, i.e., cholecalciferol, which has been, so far, the supplement most employed in the treatment of vitamin D inadequacy. Hydrophilic properties of vitamin D3 derivatives facilitate their intestinal absorption and their manageability in the case of intoxication because of the shorter half-life. Calcidiol is a more hydrophilic compound than parental vitamin D3. Active vitamin D analogs, capable of binding the vitamin D receptor evoking vitamin D-related biological effects, are mandatorily employed in hypoparathyroidism and kidney failure with impaired 1α-hydroxylation. They have been shown to increase BMD, supposedly ameliorating calcium absorption and/or directly affecting bone cells, although their use in these conditions is jeopardized by the development of hypercalciuria and mild hypercalcemia. Further studies are needed to assess their overall safety and effectiveness in the long-term and new intermittent regimens, especially when combined with the most effective antifracture agents.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract Despite the near concurrent publication by influential scientific organizations, there are important differences in interpretation of the evidence base and the conclusions derived from the recent Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) guidelines for the management of knee osteoarthritis, the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) (concerning also hip and hand osteoarthritis) and the algorithm recommendations by the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (ESCEO). This is particularly evident for the drug class of Symptomatic Slow-Acting Drugs in OsteoArthritis. In this paper, we highlight these differences and try to understand where they derive from, proposing an evidence-based interpretation.
Current Medical Research and Opinion 03/2015; 31(5):1-15. DOI:10.1185/03007995.2015.1027183 · 2.37 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Osteoarthritis is a syndrome affecting a variety of patient profiles. A European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis and the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society working meeting explored the possibility of identifying different patient profiles in osteoarthritis. The risk factors for the development of osteoarthritis include systemic factors (e.g., age, sex, obesity, genetics, race, and bone density) and local biomechanical factors (e.g., obesity, sport, joint injury, and muscle weakness); most also predict disease progression, particularly joint injury, malalignment, and synovitis/effusion. The characterization of patient profiles should help to better orientate research, facilitate trial design, and define which patients are the most likely to benefit from treatment. There are a number of profile candidates. Generalized, polyarticular osteoarthritis and local, monoarticular osteoarthritis appear to be two different profiles; the former is a feature of osteoarthritis co-morbid with inflammation or the metabolic syndrome, while the latter is more typical of post-trauma osteoarthritis, especially in cases with severe malalignment. Other biomechanical factors may also define profiles, such as joint malalignment, loss of meniscal function, and ligament injury. Early- and late-stage osteoarthritis appear as separate profiles, notably in terms of treatment response. Finally, there is evidence that there are two separate profiles related to lesions in the subchondral bone, which may determine benefit from bone-active treatments. Decisions on appropriate therapy should be made considering clinical presentation, underlying pathophysiology, and stage of disease. Identification of patient profiles may lead to more personalized healthcare, with more targeted treatment for osteoarthritis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It has been over 60 years since Huxley first described the essential force transmitting properties of voluntary striated skeletal muscle . At no time since then has the importance of skeletal muscle integrity been more pronounced. Although skeletal muscle comprises 40-50 % of total body mass, this tissue has been relatively understudied compared to brain, liver, cardiac, bone, and other tissues. Despite the fact that skeletal muscle is necessary for locomotion, oxygen consumption, whole-body energy metabolism, and substrate turnover and storage, a relative lack of attention has been paid to this tissue that is essential for many daily functions and activities .Robust skeletal muscle mass is essential for maintaining whole-body homeostasis and health . With advancing age, there is a loss of skeletal muscle mass and function that contributes to declines in physical functioning, increased disability, and mortality . It is with this background that we decided to devote this iss ...
Calcified Tissue International 02/2015; 96(3). DOI:10.1007/s00223-015-9964-x · 2.75 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sarcopenia, operationally defined as the loss of muscle mass and muscle function, is a major health condition associated with ageing, and contributes to many components of public health at both the patient and the societal levels. Currently, no consensual definition of sarcopenia exists and therefore it is still a challenge to establish the actual prevalence of sarcopenia or to establish the direct and indirect impacts of sarcopenia on public health. Anyway, this geriatric syndrome represents a huge potential public health issue because of its multiple clinical and societal consequences. Moreover, all these aspects have an impact on healthcare costs both for the patient and the society. Therefore, the implementation of effective and broadly applicable preventive and therapeutic interventions has become a medical and societal challenge for the growing number of older persons affected by sarcopenia and its disabling complications.
Archives of Public Health 12/2014; 72(1):45. DOI:10.1186/2049-3258-72-45
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives
Existing practice guidelines for osteoarthritis (OA) analyze the evidence behind each proposed treatment but do not prioritize the interventions in a given sequence. The objective was to develop a treatment algorithm recommendation that is easier to interpret for the prescribing physician, based on the available evidence and applicable in Europe and internationally. The knee was used as the model OA joint.
ESCEO assembled a task force of 13 international experts (rheumatologists, clinical epidemiologists, clinical scientists). Existing guidelines were reviewed, all interventions listed and recent evidence retrieved using established databases. A first schematic flow chart with treatment prioritization was discussed in a one-day meeting and shaped to the treatment algorithm. Fine tuning occurred by electronic communication and three consultation rounds until consensus.
Basic principles consist of the need of combined pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment, with a core set of initial measures including information access/education, weight loss if overweight and an appropriate exercise program. Four multimodal steps are then established. Step 1 consists of background therapy, either non-pharmacological (referral to a physical therapist for re-alignment treatment if needed and sequential introduction of further physical interventions initially and at any time thereafter) and pharmacological. The latter consists of chronic Symptomatic Slow Acting Drugs for OA (e.g. prescription glucosamine sulfate and/or chondroitin sulfate) with paracetamol at-need; topical NSAIDs are added in the still symptomatic patient. Step 2 consists of the advanced pharmacological management in the persistent symptomatic patient and is centered on the use of oral COX-2 selective or non-selective NSAIDs, chosen based on concomitant risk factors, with intra-articular corticosteroids or hyaluronate for further symptom relief if insufficient. In Step 3, the last pharmacological attempts before surgery are represented by weak opioids and other central analgesics. Finally, Step 4 consists of end-stage disease management and surgery, with classical opioids as a difficult to manage alternative when surgery is contraindicated.
The proposed treatment algorithm may represent a new framework for the development of future guidelines for the management of OA, more easily accessible to physicians.
Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism 12/2014; 44(3). DOI:10.1016/j.semarthrit.2014.05.014 · 3.63 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Among the adverse events of glucocorticoid treatment are bone loss and fractures. Despite available, effective preventive measures, many patients receiving or initiating glucocorticoid therapy are not appropriately evaluated and treated for bone health and fracture risk. Populations with, or at risk of, glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) to target for these measures are defined on the basis of dose and duration of glucocorticoid therapy and bone mineral density. That patients with GIOP should be treated as early as possible is generally agreed upon; however, diversity remains in intervention thresholds and management guidelines. The FRAX(®) algorithm provides a 10-year probability of fracture that can be adjusted according to glucocorticoid dose. There is no evidence that GIOP and postmenopausal osteoporosis respond differently to treatments. Available anti-osteoporotic therapies such as anti-resorptives including bisphosphonates and the bone anabolic agent teriparatide are effective for the management of GIOP. Prevention with calcium and vitamin D supplementation is less effective than specific anti-osteoporotic treatment. Anti-osteoporotic treatment should be stopped at the time of glucocorticoid cessation, unless the patient remains at increased risk of fracture.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gaucher disease is a relatively rare metabolic disease caused by the inherited deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase. Gaucher disease affects multiple organs, among which is the skeleton. Bone involvement occurs frequently in Gaucher disease, and is one of its most debilitating features, reducing the quality of life of patients. Bone status is an important consideration for treatment to ameliorate symptoms and reduce the risk of irreversible complications. We have conducted a systematic review of all the various aspects of Gaucher disease, focusing on different skeletal manifestations, pathophysiology of bone alterations, clinical symptoms, and current diagnostic and therapeutic approaches.
Calcified Tissue International 11/2014; 95(6). DOI:10.1007/s00223-014-9923-y · 2.75 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis affects one out of three postmenopausal women. Their remaining lifetime risk of fragility fractures exceeds that of breast cancer. The risk of osteoporosis and/or fragility fractures can be reduced through healthy lifestyle changes. These include adequate dietary intakes of calcium, vitamin D and protein, regular weight-bearing exercise, reduction in alcohol intake and smoking cessation. European guidance for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women recommends a daily intake of at least 1000 mg/day for calcium, 800 IU/day for vitamin D and 1 g/kg body weight of protein for all women aged over 50 years. The development of programs that encourage lifestyle changes (in particular balanced nutrient intakes) are therefore essential for the reduction of osteoporosis risk.
Women s Health 11/2014; 10(6):599-608. DOI:10.2217/whe.14.40
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: From 50 years of age, postmenopausal women are at an increased risk of developing sarcopenia and osteoporosis as a result of deterioration of musculoskeletal health. Both disorders increase the risk of falls and fractures. The risk of developing sarcopenia and osteoporosis may be attenuated through healthy lifestyle changes, which include adequate dietary protein, calcium and vitamin D intakes, and regular physical activity/exercise, besides hormone replacement therapy when appropriate. Protein intake and physical activity are the main anabolic stimuli for muscle protein synthesis. Exercise training leads to increased muscle mass and strength, and the combination of optimal protein intake and exercise produces a greater degree of muscle protein accretion than either intervention alone. Similarly, adequate dietary protein intake and resistance exercise are important contributors to the maintenance of bone strength. Vitamin D helps to maintain muscle mass and strength as well as bone health. These findings suggest that healthy lifestyle measures in women aged >50 years are essential to allow healthy aging. The European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (ESCEO) recommends optimal dietary protein intake of 1.0–1.2 g/kg body weight/d with at least 20–25 g of high-quality protein at each main meal, with adequate vitamin D intake at 800 IU/d to maintain serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels >50 nmol/L as well as calcium intake of 1000 mg/d, alongside regular physical activity/exercise 3–5 times/week combined with protein intake in close proximity to exercise, in postmenopausal women for prevention of age-related deterioration of musculoskeletal health.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: Progress in antiretroviral therapy (ART) has resulted in an almost normal life expectancy for HIV-infected individuals, but an increased risk of fragility fractures has been identified. We investigated the influence of long-term HIV infection on successful ART on bone microstructure in elderly men. Design: A cross-sectional, case-control study. Methods: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) were performed in 28 HIV-positive men between 60 and 70 years old on successful ART. Controls were 112 HIV-negative men matched for age (+/- 4 years) and BMI (+/- 4 kg/m(2)). Results: HIV-positive men (median CD4(+) cell count, 589 cells/mu l; BMI, 24.8 kg/m(2)) had a median duration of HIV infection of 18.2 years. Compared with HIV-negative men, they had a lower DXA-measured areal bone mineral density at total hip (- 3.2%, P = 0.050) and ultra-distal radius (- 8.4%, P = 0.001). At distal radius and tibia, we observed microstructural alterations with a lower total density (- 16%, P = 0.005 and - 14.3%, P = 0.039), trabecular density (- 11.6%, P = 0.012 and - 12.2%, P = 0.007) and cortical area (- 17.5%, P = 0.002 and - 12.2%, P = 0.01). In addition, they had a lower trabecular number (P = 0.036), higher trabecular spacing (P = 0.027) and lower cortical thickness (- 19.9%; P = 0.008) at distal radius. beta-crosslaps (CTX) and vitamin D levels were higher than in controls. By multivariate analyses, HIV status, higher CTX levels, lower physical activity and estradiol levels were determinants of bone density and microstructure alterations. Conclusion: HIV-infected elderly men on successful ART have trabecular and cortical bone microstructure alterations associated with higher bone resorption, despite adequate vitamin D supplementation. (C) 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
AIDS (London, England) 10/2014; 28(16):2417-27. DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000445 · 6.56 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Besides its well-known effect on bone metabolism, recent researches suggest that vitamin D may also play a role in the muscular, immune, endocrine, and central nervous systems. Double-blind RCTs support vitamin D supplementation at a dose of 800 IU per day for the prevention of falls and fractures in the senior population. Ecological, case-control and cohort studies have suggested that high vitamin D levels were associated with a reduced risk of autoimmune diseases, type 2 diabetes, cardio-vascular diseases and cancer but large clinical trials are lacking today to provide solid evidence of a vitamin D benefit beyond bone health. At last, the optimal dose, route of administration, dosing interval and duration of vitamin D supplementation at a specific target dose beyond the prevention of vitamin D deficiency need to be further investigated.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rapid bone defect with normal bone is a challenge in orthopaedics and dentistry. Strontium ranelate (SrRan) has been shown to in vitro decrease bone resorption and increase bone formation, and represents a potential agent with the capacity to accelerate bone defect In this study, bone tibial defects of mm in diameter were created in female rats orally fed SrRan (mg/kg/d; days) or vehicle for or weeks (rats per group per time point) from the time of surgery. Tibias were removed. Micro-architecture was determined by micro-computed tomography (CT) and material level properties by nanoindentation analysis. CT analysis showed that SrRan administration signi improved microarchitecture of trabecular bone growing into the defect a and weeks of treatment compared to vehicle. SrRan treatment also accelerated the growth of cortical bone over the defect, but with di kinetics compared to trabecular bone, as the e were already signi a weeks. Nanoindentation analysis demonstrated that SrRan treatment signi increased material level properties of both trabecular bone and cortical bone the defect compared to vehicle. SrRan accelerates the of bone defect by improving cortical and trabecular bone microarchitecture both quantitatively and qualitatively.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Prospective controlled evidence supporting the efficacy of long-term exercise to prevent physical decline and reduce falls in old age is lacking. The present study aimed to assess the effects of long-term music-based multitask exercise (i.e., Jaques-Dalcroze eurhythmics) on physical function and fall risk in older adults. A 3-year follow-up extension of a 1-year randomized controlled trial (NCT01107288) was conducted in Geneva (Switzerland), in which 134 community-dwellers aged ≥65 years at increased risk of falls received a 6-month music-based multitask exercise program. Four years following original trial enrolment, 52 subjects (baseline mean ± SD age, 75 ± 8 years) who (i) have maintained exercise program participation through the 4-year follow-up visit ("long-term intervention group", n = 23) or (ii) have discontinued participation following original trial completion ("control group", n = 29) were studied. They were reassessed in a blind fashion, using the same procedures as at baseline. At 4 years, linear mixed-effects models showed significant gait (gait speed, P = 0.006) and balance (one-legged stance time, P = 0.015) improvements in the long-term intervention group, compared with the control group. Also, long-term intervention subjects did better on Timed Up & Go, Five-Times-Sit-to-Stand and handgrip strength tests, than controls (P < 0.05, for all comparisons). Furthermore, the exercise program reduced the risk of falling (relative risk, 0.69; 95 % confidence interval, 0.5-0.9; P = 0.008). These findings suggest that long-term maintenance of a music-based multitask exercise program is a promising strategy to prevent age-related physical decline in older adults. They also highlight the efficacy of sustained long-term adherence to exercise for falls prevention.
Calcified Tissue International 08/2014; 95(5). DOI:10.1007/s00223-014-9907-y · 2.75 Impact Factor