[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We evaluated the expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) between primary breast lesions and pulmonary metastatic (PM) lesions in breast cancer patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological features and the expression statuses of ER, PR, HER2, Ki-67 and ALDH-1 in both primary and metastatic breast cancer lesions and evaluated the discordance rates in the expressions of these markers between the primary and metastatic lesions, and also the prognostic value of these factors. RESULTS: None of the PM patients had metastases at any other sites, and all had undergone curative breast cancer surgery. The pulmonary operation was partial resection in 15 (88 %) patients and lobectomy in 2 (12 %) patients. The median overall survival (OS) after resection of the PNs (OS) was 48 months. The discordance rates in the expressions of ER, PR, HER2, Ki67 and ALDH-1 between the primary and metastatic lesions were 0, 29, 21, 43 and 50 %, respectively. CONCLUSION: There was significant discordance in the biomarkers between the primary tumors and the metastatic lesions.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: There is little information about the impact of breast cancer subtype on prognosis after ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR). METHODS: One hundred eighty-five patients were classified according to breast cancer subtype, as approximated by estrogen receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), and Ki-67, of IBTR, and we evaluated whether breast cancer subtype was associated with distant recurrence after IBTR. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in distant disease-free survival (DDFS) after IBTR according to breast cancer subtype defined by a cutoff of the Ki-67 index of 20 % (p = 0.0074, log-rank test). The 5-year DDFS rates for patients with luminal A, luminal B, triple-negative, and HER2 types were 86.3, 57.1, 56.6, and 65.9 %, respectively. In addition, breast cancer subtype was significantly associated with distant recurrence after IBTR on adjustment for various clinicopathologic factors (p = 0.0027, Cox proportional hazards model). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that breast cancer subtype based on immunohistochemical staining predicts the outcomes of patients with IBTR. Further analyses are needed (UMIN-CTR number UMIN000008136).
Annals of Surgical Oncology 01/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Recently, evidence in support of the cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis has been accumulating. On the other hand, it has been reported that the expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) in primary breast cancer is a powerful predictor of a poor clinical outcome, and that breast cancer stem cells express ALDH1. According to the CSC hypothesis, development of metastases requires the dissemination of CSC that may remain dormant and be reactivated to cause tumor recurrence. In this study, we investigated whether the detection of CSC in axillary lymph node metastases (ALNM) might be a significant prognostic factor in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: From 1998 to 2006, 40 primary breast cancer patients with ALNM, the number of metastatic nodes varying in number from 1 to 3, underwent surgery at Okayama University; of these, 15 patients developed tumor recurrence. We retrospectively evaluated the common clinicopathological features and the expression of ER, HER2, ALDH1, and Ki67 in both the primary lesions and the ALNM, and analyzed the correlations between the expression of these biological markers and the disease-free survival (DFS). RESULTS: Expression of ALDH1 in the ALNM was significantly associated with the DFS (P = 0.037). CONCLUSION: Evaluation of biomarker expression in ALNM could be useful for prognosis in breast cancer patients with 1-3 metastatic lymph nodes.