Hideo Ohnishi

University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyūshū, Fukuoka, Japan

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Publications (21)65.58 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose This study assessed the accuracy of cup and stem positioning and limb length adjustment for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) using our new mechanical technique compared with imageless navigation or a computed tomography (CT)-based navigation system. Methods One hundred thirteen primary total hip arthroplasties (THAs) for DDH were evaluated. At pre-operative positioning, patients were placed in a precise lateral decubitus position by tilting the surgical table using simple ready-made devices (two shot pipe, metal chain, level gauge and goniometer). During surgery, cups were intentionally placed at 45° inclination and 15° anteversion on radiograph by using a level gauge and goniometer. Results Cup inclination was 44.2° ± 3.4° (range, 32.0–51.2°), cup anteversion was 19.6° ± 6.1° (range, 3.0–33.1°), stem alignment was 0.04° ± 0.8° valgus (range, 2.1° varus to 1.9° valgus), and leg length discrepancy was −0.37 ± 3.7 mm (range, −12.8 to 8.8 mm) in postoperative radiographs. Outliers (outside ±10° from intentional position) occurred in 15 cases (13.3 %) in inclination or anteversion. Postoperative dislocation did not occur in any cases. Conclusions Cup and stem positioning in THAs with our new mechanical technique yielded satisfactory results compared with previously reported imageless navigation or CT-based navigation. Our results were superior with regard to being non-invasive and low cost and involving minimum radiation exposure.
    International Orthopaedics 12/2014; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Physiological response to acute and chronic nociceptive stimulation are important for living organisms. In our laboratory, we generated transgenic rats expressing the arginine vasopressin (AVP) and enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) fusion gene, and the c-fos and monomeric red fluorescent protein 1 (mRFP1) fusion gene in the central nervous system. We made it possible to visualize the pain response in the living cells. Using these transgenic rats, the aim of our studies is the elucidation of the physiological role of AVP after nociceptive stimulation and the pathophysiology of work-related pain. We describe the previous findings of nociceptive response, using these transgenic animals.
    Journal of UOEH 12/2012; 34(4):315-21.
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    ABSTRACT: We generated transgenic rats expressing the c-fos and monomeric red fluorescent protein 1 (mRFP1) fusion gene in the central nervous system after adequate stimulation. In the present study, the time-course of the induction patterns of mRFP1 fluorescence in the spinal cord and the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) was compared with that of Fos-like immunoreactivity (LI) within 24h after subcutaneous (s.c.) injection of 0.9% saline and 5% formalin in both hind paws. Control rats were not treated. In the control and saline/formalin injected rats, scattered mRFP1 fluorescence in the spinal cord and the PVN was observed at 0min, though there was little Fos-LI in the same region. The mRFP1 fluorescence in the spinal cord and the PVN was increased at 3h after formalin. On the other hand, the changes of Fos-LI in the spinal cord and the PVN were relatively shorter than those of the mRFP1 fluorescence after formalin. These results suggest that the c-fos-mRFP1 fusion gene expression is slightly upregulated in normal conditions and nociceptive stimulation-induced induction of the fusion gene may be maintained longer than the endogenous c-fos gene expression in the spinal cord and the PVN. Next, nocifensive behavior and mRFP1 fluorescence and Fos-LI in the spinal cord and the PVN after s.c. injection of formalin, 4α-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate (4α-PDD) and saline were compared. Although the 4α-PDD injected rats seldom displayed nocifensive behaviors like s.c. saline injection, 4α-PDD injection caused mRFP1 fluorescence and Fos-LI significantly in the spinal cord and the PVN unlike s.c. saline injection.
    Brain research 08/2012; 1479:52-61. · 2.46 Impact Factor
  • Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery 06/2012; 28(6):e62–e63. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study compared radiological and clinical results of Mallory-Head (Biomet, Warsaw, Indiana) cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) by anatomical (AP group) or high cup placement (HP group) for Crowe I to III developmental dysplasia of the hip. Of the 68 hips studied, 43 hips were available for 15.3-year follow-up. Ten cups were placed at anatomical center with bulk bone grafting, and 33 cups were at high hip center without bulk bone grafting. No acetabular or femoral components showed loosening in either group. One standard polyethylene liner in a highly placed cup was revised due to excessive wear after 11 years. The average rate of polyethylene wear was 0.128 mm/year in the AP group and 0.148 mm/year in the HP group (except for the revision case). The extent of grafted bone coverage was 34.6% in the AP group. Hip center height was 24.5 mm from the inter-teardrop line in the HP group. The center of the hip horizontal location in the AP group (24.5 mm) and HP group (26.4 mm) was significantly shorter than in normal hips (35.6 mm). Postoperative center-edge angle was 11° (except grafted bone) in the AP group and 25° in the HP group. Mean Harris Hip Score in the AP group improved from 38 points preoperatively to 82 points postoperatively and in the HP group improved from 40 points preoperatively to 88 points postoperatively. Survivorship was 100% in the AP group and 97% in the HP group. Our results indicate that moderate high cup placement without bulk bone grafting at a horizontal locus more medial than that of a normal hip is an alternative durable solution.
    Orthopedics 03/2012; 35(3):e313-8. · 1.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study demonstrates a key role for the oxysterol receptor liver X receptor β (LXRβ) in the etiology of diabetes insipidus (DI). Given free access to water, LXRβ(-/-) but not LXRα(-/-) mice exhibited polyuria (abnormal daily excretion of highly diluted urine) and polydipsia (increased water intake), both features of diabetes insipidus. LXRβ(-/-) mice responded to 24-h dehydration with a decreased urine volume and increased urine osmolality. To determine whether the DI was of central or nephrogenic origin, we examined the responsiveness of the kidney to arginine vasopressin (AVP). An i.p. injection of AVP to LXRβ(-/-) mice revealed a partial kidney response: There was no effect on urine volume, but there was a significant increase of urine osmolality, suggesting that DI may be caused by a defect in central production of AVP. In the brain of WT mice LXRβ was expressed in the nuclei of magnocellular neurons in the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus. In LXRβ(-/-) mice the expression of AVP was markedly decreased in the magnocellular neurons as well as in urine collected over a 24-h period. The persistent high urine volume after AVP administration was traced to a reduction in aquaporin-1 expression in the kidney of LXRβ(-/-) mice. The LXR agonist (GW3965) in WT mice elicited an increase in urine osmolality, suggesting that LXRβ is a key receptor in controlling water balance with targets in both the brain and kidney, and it could be a therapeutic target in disorders of water balance.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 02/2012; 109(8):3030-4. · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is a causative factor of humoral hypercalcemia in malignancy. However, it is difficult to explain the mechanism of anorexia/cachexia with PTHrP secretion in detail. Previously, we demonstrated that the expressions of orexigenic peptides increased and anorexigenic peptides decreased under cachectic conditions in rats carrying tumors secreting PTHrP. In this study, we investigated whether such changes in the expression of hypothalamic feeding-regulating peptides can be solely attributed to PTHrP or are a general response under cachectic conditions. Cachectic syndromes were induced in rats by: (i) inoculation of human lung cancer LC-6 cells that secreted PTHrP, (ii) inoculation of human melanoma SEKI cells that secrete not PTHrP but LIF1, (iii) injection of heat-killed Mycobacterium leading to arthritis (AA) and (iv) oral administration of a high dose of 1α,25(OH)(2)D(3) that resulted in hypercalcemia. The LC-6-bearing rats and AA rats were treated with or without anti-PTHrP antibody and indomethacin, respectively, and the expression of the hypothalamic feeding-regulating peptide mRNAs were examined by in situ hybridization histochemistry. The orexigenic peptide mRNAs, such as neuropeptide Y and agouti-related protein, were significantly increased, and that of anorexigenic peptide mRNAs, such as proopiomelanocortin, cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript and corticotropin-releasing hormone were significantly decreased when they developed cachectic syndromes and AA. A high dose of 1α,25(OH)(2)D(3) caused hypercalcemia and body weight loss but did not affect the expression of hypothalamic feeding-regulating peptide mRNAs. The expressions of the hypothalamic feeding-regulating peptides change commonly in different chronic cachectic models without relating to serum calcium levels.
    International Journal of Cancer 05/2011; 128(9):2215-23. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nociceptive stimulation elicits neuroendocrine responses such as arginine vasopressin (AVP) release as well as activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis. We have generated novel transgenic rats expressing an AVP-enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) fusion gene, and we examined the effects of nociceptive stimulation on transgene expression in the hypothalamus after subcutaneous injection of saline or formalin into the bilateral hindpaws in these rats. We have assessed (1) AVP levels in plasma and the changes of eGFP mRNA and AVP heteronuclear RNA (hnRNA) in the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) using in situ hybridization histochemistry, (2) gene expression changes in distinct magnocellular and parvocellular divisions of the PVN, (3) eGFP fluorescence in the SON, the PVN, the median eminence (ME), and the posterior pituitary gland (PP). Plasma AVP levels were significantly increased 15 min after formalin injection. In the same time period, the AVP hnRNA levels in the PVN were increased, especially in the parvocellular division of the PVN in formalin-injected rats. In the same region, eGFP mRNA levels after formalin injection were also significantly increased to a much greater extent than those of AVP hnRNA. The eGFP fluorescence in the SON, the PVN, the ME, and the PP was markedly increased in formalin-injected rats and especially increased in the parvocellular divisions of the PVN. Together, our results demonstrate robust and rapid changes in the expression of the AVP-eGFP transgene in the rat hypothalamus after acute nociceptive stimulation.
    Journal of Neuroscience 10/2009; 29(42):13182-9. · 6.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Various kinds of stress cause neuroendocrine responses such as corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) or arginine vasopressin (AVP) release from parvocellular division of the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis. We examined the effects of acute and chronic stress on the expression of the AVP-enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) fusion gene in the hypothalamus, using chronic salt loading as an osmotic stimulation, intraperitoneal administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as acute inflammatory stress and adjuvant arthritis (AA) as chronic inflammatory/nociceptive stress. Salt loading caused a marked increase in the eGFP gene expression and eGFP fluorescence in the supraoptic nucleus, magnocellular division of the PVN and internal layer of the median eminence (ME). Administration of LPS caused increased fluorescence in parvocellular division of the PVN and external layer of the ME. AA rats revealed an increased expression of the eGFP gene and eGFP fluorescence in both magnocellular and parvocellular divisions of the PVN and both internal and external layers of the ME. On the other hand, the levels of the CRH gene expression in parvocellular division of the PVN were significantly decreased as AA developed, though plasma concentrations of corticosterone were significantly increased. These results indicate that AVP-eGFP transgenic rats enable the detection of changes in AVP expression more easily than by using procedures such as immunohistochemistry. We propose that AVP-eGFP transgenic rats represent a useful animal model for further understanding of the physiology of AVP expression in the hypothalamo-pituitary system under various physiological conditions, including various kinds of stress.
    Peptides 07/2009; 30(9):1763-70. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Arginine vasopressin (AVP) and corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) in the parvocellular neurosecretory cells of the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) play a major role in activating the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, which is the main neuroendocrine response against the many kinds of stress. We examined the effects of chronic inflammatory/nociceptive stress on the expression of the AVP-enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) fusion gene in the hypothalamus, using the adjuvant arthritis (AA) model. To induce AA, the AVP-eGFP rats were intracutaneously injected heat-killed Mycobacterium butyricum (1 mg/rat) in paraffin liquid at the base of their tails. We measured AVP, oxytocin and corticosterone levels in plasma and changes in eGFP and CRH mRNA in the hypothalamus during the time course of AA development. Then, we examined eGFP fluorescence in the PVN, the supraoptic nucleus (SON), median eminence (ME) and posterior pituitary gland (PP) when AA was established. The plasma concentrations of AVP, oxytocin and corticosterone were significantly increased on days 15 and 22 in AA rats, without affecting the plasma osmolality and sodium. Although CRH mRNA levels in the PVN were significantly decreased, eGFP mRNA levels in the PVN and the SON were significantly increased on days 15 and 22 in AA rats. The eGFP fluorescence in the SON, the PVN, internal and external layers of the ME and PP was apparently increased in AA compared to control rats. These results suggest that the increases in the concentrations of ACTH and corticosterone in AA rats are induced by hypothalamic AVP, based on data from AVP-eGFP transgenic rats.
    Journal of Neuroendocrinology 02/2009; 21(3):183-90. · 3.51 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Orthopaedic Science 06/2007; 12(3):308-10. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Galanin-like peptide (GALP) is a 60 amino-acid peptide, and the GALP mRNA is restricted to pituicytes in the posterior pituitary gland (PP) and neurons in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (Arc). We examined whether the GALP gene expression in the PP and Arc would be induced after intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of hypertonic saline, that is, acute osmotic stimulus, in rats. The dose-response (2.8, 4.5, 6.0 and 9.0% NaCl) and time-course (6.0% NaCl, 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24h) effects of acute osmotic stimulus on GALP mRNA levels in the PP and Arc were examined in rats by using in situ hybridization histochemistry. Plasma osmolality and plasma sodium concentration increased significantly at 1h, and returned to control level at 6h after i.p. administration of hypertonic saline (6.0% NaCl). The GALP mRNA level in the PP increased significantly 3 and 6h after i.p. administration of hypertonic saline (6.0% NaCl), but the level in the Arc did not change. These results showed that acute osmotic stimulus-induced GALP gene expression in the pituicyte of the PP, but not in the neurons in the Arc, and the gene expression in the pituicyte might be regulated by plasma osmolality and/or plasma sodium concentration.
    Neuroscience Letters 06/2007; 419(2):125-30. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of 2-buten-4-olide (2-B4O), an endogenous sugar acid, on the hypothalamo-adenohypophysial system were examined in Lewis rats that were normal and in adjuvant-induced arthritic (AA) rats. In comparison with vehicle-treated rats, the plasma corticosterone and c-fos mRNA levels in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of normal rats increased significantly after i.p. administration of 2-B4O. Dual immunostaining revealed that almost all corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF)-immunopositive neurones in the parvocellular division of the PVN exhibited Fos-like immunoreactivity (LI) 120 min after i.p. administration of 2-B4O (100 mg/kg). In the AA rats, repeated i.p. administration of 2-B4O (100 mg/kg) after immunisation significantly suppressed the expression of clinical symptoms and significantly increased plasma concentrations of corticosterone. Further, repeated i.p. administration of 2-B4O significantly increased CRF mRNA levels in the PVN and pro-opiomelanocortin mRNA levels in the anterior pituitary; however, they did not change arginine vasopressin mRNA levels in the parvocellular division of the PVN. These results suggest that i.p. administration of 2-B4O activates the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis via the activation of CRF neurones in the PVN, and the activation of the HPA axis by i.p. administration of 2-B4O may be associated with the inhibition of AA in rats.
    Journal of Neuroendocrinology 02/2007; 19(1):54-65. · 3.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the effects of i.c.v. administration of neuro-peptide W-30 (NPW30) on plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) and plasma oxytocin (OXT) using RIA. The induction of c-fos mRNA, AVP heteronuclear (hn)RNA, and c-Fos protein (Fos) in the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of rats were also investigated using in situ hybridization histochemistry for c-fos mRNA and AVP hnRNA, and immunohistochemistry for Fos. Both plasma AVP and OXT were significantly increased at 5 and 15 min after i.c.v. administration of NPW30 (2.8 nmol/rat). In situ hybridization histochemistry revealed that the induction of c-fos mRNA and AVP hnRNA in the SON and PVN were significantly increased 15, 30, and 60 min after i.c.v. administration of NPW30 (1.4 nmol/rat). Dual immunostaining for Fos/AVP and Fos/OXT revealed that both AVP-like immunoreactive (LI) cells and OXT-LI cells exhibited nuclear Fos-LI in the SON and PVN, 90 min after i.c.v. administration of NPW30 (2.8 nmol/rat). These results suggest that central NPW30 may be involved in the regulation of secretion of AVP and OXT in the magnocellular neurosecretory cells in the SON and PVN.
    Journal of Endocrinology 09/2006; 190(2):213-23. · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of 2-buten-4-olide (2-B4O), an endogenous sugar acid, on the hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal system were examined in rats. Plasma oxytocin (OXT) levels were significantly increased 15-60 min after i.p. administration of 2-B4O (100 mg/kg), whereas plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) did not change. Dual immunostaining revealed that Fos-like immunoreactivity (LI) was predominantly observed in OXT-secreting neurons in the paraventricular (PVN) and the supraoptic nuclei (SON) 120 min after i.p. administration of 2-B4O. In addition, many Fos-LI neurons were observed in the nucleus of the tractus solitarius (NTS) after i.p. administration of 2-B4O. These results suggest that a peripherally administered high dose of 2-B4O activates OXT-secreting neurons in the hypothalamus through activation of NTS neurons, possibly as a result of a stress response.
    Brain Research 06/2006; 1086(1):133-41. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Monitoring the expression of immediate early genes (IEGs) is useful for following stress-induced cellular responses in the neuroendocrine system. We have examined the transcriptional activities of four IEGs (c-fos, junB, NGFI-A and NGFI-B) and of the arginine vasopressin (AVP) gene in the hypothalamic paraventicular (PVN) and supraoptic nuclei (SON) of rats after acute osmotic stimuli, using in situ hybridization histochemistry. After intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of hypertonic saline (2% body weight, 900 mOsm/kg), the expression levels of all IEG mRNAs were increased significantly both in the PVN and SON at as early as 10 min, peaked at 30 min and remained elevated until 60 min. The expression of AVP heteronuclear (hn)RNA also peaked at 30 min, and remained elevated until 180 min. Thirty min after i.p. administration of hypertonic saline (600 mOsm/kg), the expression levels of all IEG mRNAs in the PVN and SON were significantly increased in comparison with those after i.p. administration of isotonic saline (290 mOsm/kg). Regression analysis revealed that expression levels of the IEG mRNAs and AVP hnRNA were positively correlated with the plasma concentration of sodium, and the rates of increase of the expression levels of all IEG mRNAs were similar. The expression levels of all IEG mRNAs examined are useful markers for following the changes of the AVP gene transcription in the PVN and SON after acute osmotic stimuli in rats.
    Journal of Neuroendocrinology 05/2005; 17(4):227-37. · 3.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Galanin-like peptide (GALP) has been recently isolated from the porcine hypothalamus. The GALP mRNA is restricted to neurons in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (Arc) and pituicytes in the posterior pituitary gland (PP), but physiological functions of the GALP remains unclear in both areas. We examined the effects of acute and chronic inflammatory stresses on the GALP mRNA levels in the rat Arc using in situ hybridization histochemistry. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) caused a marked increase of the GALP mRNA levels in the Arc. The effects of i.p. injection of LPS on the GALP mRNA levels in the Arc were significantly attenuated by pretreatment with i.p. injection of indomethacin cyclooxygenase inhibitor. Adjuvant arthritis caused by subcutaneous (s.c.) injection of heat-killed Mycobacterium butyricum as chronic inflammatory stress did not affect the GALP mRNA levels in the Arc, though the GALP mRNA levels in the pituicytes of the PP were markedly increased by two peaks at 12 h and 15 days after s.c. injection of heat-killed M. butyricum. Enzymeimmunoassay showed that the plasma concentration of GALP was not affected by these inflammatory stresses. These results suggest that acute inflammatory stress might be a potent stimulant to increase the GALP mRNA levels in the Arc of the rat via synthesis of prostaglandins.
    Molecular Brain Research 03/2005; 133(2):233-41. · 2.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the galanin-like peptide (GALP) gene expression in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) and posterior pituitary (PP) in 6- and 18-week-old male obese fa/fa rats. GALP mRNA in the ARC in fa/fa rats was significantly decreased in 6- and 18-week-old and GALP mRNA in the PP in fa/fa rats was significantly increased in 18-week-old compared to lean Fa/? rats. Insulin treatment in hyperglycemic fa/fa rats partially reversed those changes. These results suggest that the GALP gene expression in fa/fa rats might be regulated in part by leptin-independent mechanisms.
    Peptides 07/2004; 25(6):967-74. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have reported that transgenic mice overexpressing human osteoblast stimulating factor-1 (osf1) under the control of the human osteocalcin promoter have a significantly higher bone mineral content and density than nontransgenic littermates. Consequently, bone mass loss due to estrogen deficiency was compensated for in ovariectomized female mice. Here, we show that in this transgenic line, the bone mass increase was evident in female, but not male, mice, as evaluated using the ash assay, double-emission X-ray analysis, and calcein double-labeling to determine the bone formation rate. To elucidate a possible influence on gene expression, we analyzed genomic structures of the inserted transgene and its flanking regions in mouse chromosomes. The results revealed that the transgene was integrated in the mouse repetitive sequences, 234-bp-long gamma-satellite repeats, as inverted multiple (5 + 8) copies. Twelve copies at most seemed to be functional, but no direct evidence supporting female-specific mRNA synthesis of the transgene was obtained.
    Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism 02/2004; 22(3):278-82. · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of water deprivation and chronic salt loading on the expression of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene were examined in the rat subfornical organ (SFO), using immunohistochemistry for BDNF and in situ hybridization histochemistry. Increased BDNF-like immunoreactivity was observed in the SFO after water deprivation for 4 days. Water deprivation for 24 h and 2 and 4 days and salt loading for 7 days caused a significant increase in the BDNF gene transcripts in the SFO, compared with euhydrated rats. These results suggest that BDNF in the SFO may be involved in the regulatory mechanisms of body fluid balance.
    Neuroscience Letters 09/2003; 347(2):65-8. · 2.03 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

153 Citations
65.58 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003–2012
    • University of Occupational and Environmental Health
      • • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
      • • Department of Physiology
      • • School of Medicine
      Kitakyūshū, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2004
    • Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
      • Division of Genomic Medical Sciences
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan