Publications (3)5.45 Total impact
Article: A column-switching liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for quantitation of 2-cyanoethylmercapturic acid and 2-hydroxyethylmercapturic acid in Chinese smokers.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The acrylonitrile metabolites 2-cyanoethylmercapturic acid (CEMA) and 2-hydroxyethylmercapturic acid (HEMA) have been determined in human urine using an automated column-switching procedure. A diluted sample was centrifuged just prior to being injected into a reusable precolumn packed with a restricted access material and coupled to a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry system. This method achieved satisfactory reproducibility and accuracy. Average intra- and interday variations (% relative standard deviations) ranged from 2.4 to 3.8% for CEMA and from 2.7 to 10.5% for HEMA. The limits of quantification were 0.003 and 0.099ng/ml for CEMA and HEMA, respectively. It was used to study the uptake of acrylonitrile from smoke constituents by both nonsmokers and smokers of different tar yield cigarettes under ISO 3308 smoking condition. Metabolite concentrations in smoker urine samples were approximately 12 times higher compared with those in nonsmokers for CEMA and 3 times higher for HEMA. Urinary CEMA levels show a clear dose-response relationship with daily cigarette consumption and urinary cotinine. CEMA can also discriminate between smokers of different ISO cigarettes. Because HEMA is not specific, it is only slightly related to smoking and acrylonitrile exposure. The validated biomarker CEMA will continue to be useful for studies of acrylonitrile uptake by smokers.Analytical Biochemistry 08/2012; 430(1):75-82. · 3.00 Impact Factor
Article: Development of a method for the determination of 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol in urine of nonsmokers and smokers using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL) is an efficient biomarker of tobacco-specific carcinogen 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK). The ability to monitor biomarker concentrations is very important in understanding potential cancer risk. An analytical method using molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) column coupled with liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for the determination of total NNAL in human urine was developed and validated. The combination of MIP column extraction and LC-MS/MS can provide a high sensitive and relatively simple analytical method. The limit of detection (LOD) was 0.30 pg/ml and analysis time was 6min. The method has been applied to urine samples of 36 nonsmokers and 207 smokers. NNAL was found to be significantly higher in the urine of smokers compared with nonsmokers. Compared with smokers with blended cigarettes, Chinese virginia cigarettes smokers had low urinary NNAL levels. There was a direct association between the 24-h mouth-level exposure of carcinogen NNK from cigarette smoking and the concentration of NNAL in the urine of smokers. However, there was not a positive correlation between urinary total NNAL levels in 24 h and tar. Total urinary NNAL is a valuable biomarker for monitoring exposure to carcinogenic NNK in smokers and in nonsmokers. A prediction model of cigarette smoke NNK and urinary average NNAL levels in 24 h was established (y=2.8987x-245.38, r²=0.9952, n=204).Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis 01/2012; 63:17-22. · 2.45 Impact Factor
Article: LC-MS-MS Measurements of Urinary Creatinine and the Application of Creatinine Normalization Technique on Cotinine in Smokers' 24 Hour Urine.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A simple and sensitive high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS-MS) method was developed and validated for the quantification of creatinine in human urine. The analysis was carried out on an Agilent Zorbax Eclipse XDB-C18 column (2.1 × 150 mm, 3.5 μm). The mobile phase was 0.1% formic acid in water and 0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile (50/50, v/v). Linear calibration curves were obtained in the concentration range of 1-2000.0 ng/mL, with a lower limit of quantification of 0.99 ng/mL. The intra- and interday precision (RSD) values were below 3%. The method was successfully applied to a bioequivalence study of creatinine in Chinese smokers and nonsmokers. The total cotinine in 24 h urine and cotinine : creatinine ratio were also positively associated (Pearson R = 0.942, P < 0.0001). However, cotinine : creatinine ratio varied significantly across smoking groups for the difference of individual. 24 h urinary cotinine was more appropriate for expressing correlation with tar than cotinine : creatinine ratio.Journal of analytical methods in chemistry. 01/2012; 2012:245415.