[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A neural network model has been developed to predict the inhibitory capacity of any chemical structure to be a phosphodiesterase 7 (PDE7) inhibitor, a new promising kind of drugs for the treatment of neurological disorders. The numerical definition of the structures was achieved using CODES program. Through the validation of this neural network model, a novel family of 5-imino-1,2,4-thiadiazoles (ITDZs) has been identified as inhibitors of PDE7. Experimental extensive biological studies have demonstrated the ability of ITDZs to inhibit PDE7 and to increase intracellular levels of cAMP. Among them, the derivative 15 showed a high in vitro potency with desirable pharmacokinetic profile (safe genotoxicity and blood brain barrier penetration). Administration of ITDZ 15 in an experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mouse model results in a significant attenuation of clinical symptoms, showing the potential of ITDZs, especially compound 15, for the effective treatment of multiple sclerosis.
ACS Chemical Neuroscience 10/2012; 3(10):793-803. DOI:10.1021/cn300105c · 4.36 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Phosphodiesterase (PDE) 7 is involved in proinflammatory processes, being widely expressed both on lymphocytes and on certain brain regions. Specific inhibitors of PDE7 have been recently reported as potential new drugs for the treatment of neurological disorders because of their ability to increase intracellular levels of cAMP and thus to modulate the inflammatory process, as a neuroprotective well-established strategy. Multiple sclerosis is an unmet disease in which pathologies on the immune system, T-cells, and specific neural cells are involved simultaneously. Therefore, PDE7 inhibitors able to interfere with all these targets may represent an innovative therapy for this pathology. Here, we report a new chemically diverse family of heterocyclic PDE7 inhibitors, discovered and optimized by using molecular modeling studies, able to increase cAMP levels in cells, decrease inflammatory activation on primary neural cultures, and also attenuate the clinical symptoms in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mouse model. These results led us to propose the use of PDE7 inhibitors as innovative therapeutic agents for the treatment of multiple sclerosis.