[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leaf explants were used frequently as target tissue to generate transgenic of Artemisia. annua L. However, obtaining a large number of transgenic lines through out the year is a laborious and delicate process. To circumvent this, we have developed a highly efficient leaf explant based Agrobacterium mediated transformation of A. annua L. plant. The gus gene was used as screenable marker to assess and optimize the performance of T-DNA delivery. The age of explant, kind of bacterial inoculation, suspension duration, infection times and co-culture conditions were optimized. The co-culture was carried out with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain EHA105 under desiccation condition in the dark at 25-28 0C for 2-4 days. Complete analysis of transgene insertion demonstrated that the optimized method of transformation from leaf explants of A. annua L. was efficient and highly reproducible.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Podophyllotoxin, a well-known naturally occurring aryl tetralin lignan produced by few plant species is used as precursor for the chemical synthesis of the anticancer drugs like etoposide, teniposide and etopophos phosphate. The availability of this lignan is limited due to the scarce occurrence of its natural sources. Further, synthetic approaches for its production are still commercially unacceptable. This paper reports the synthesis of podophyllotoxin by an endophytic fungus Fusarium solani isolated from the roots of Podophyllum hexandrum. The presence of podophyllotoxin in fungal biomass was confirmed and quantified by HPLC and mass spectrometry. The fungus is able to produce 29.0 µg/g podophyllotoxin on dry weight basis.
African journal of microbiology research 03/2012; 6(10):2493-2499. · 0.54 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this report, rapid and effective shoot as well as root regeneration system through direct multiplication was successfully developed for Cichorium intybus L. Furthermore, the effect of exogenous growth regulators (TDZ and IAA) at different concentrations on the regulation process of the plant was also studied. Enhanced production of esculin in developed C. intybus L. was evaluated using leaf extract. Only on the expense of 20 days, regeneration was seen and very low dose of TDZ was seen to be more effective. When 0.02 mg/L of TDZ was combined with 1.5mg/L of IAA, nearly 100% of explants produced shoots with the highest number of regenerated shoots (85.37). With further increase in concentration (≥ 0.05 mg/L), the number of shoots per explants get decreased. A lower NAA to IBA ratio (1.0mg/L of IBA and 0.5mg/L of NAA) seemed to be more effective for root generation and considered to be the most effective combination among the tried groups. IBA was more effective in root development than NAA, but both were comparatively effective. On quantitative analysis by RP-HPLC, the 76.23% of Esculin were found in leaf extract of the in vitro developed C. intybus L. This amount was 26.77% higher than normal grown plants.
Recent patents on biotechnology. 12/2011; 5(3):227-34.