[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis-related factors of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with bone metastases at the time of diagnosis. A total of 46 NSCLC patients with skeletal metastases at the time of diagnosis from Anhui Provincial Hospital and Anhui Provincial Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University (Hefei, China) between February 2010 and February 2012 were investigated retrospectively. The median age was 58 years, with a range of 40-80 years, the ratio of males and females was 2:1, and adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma accounted for 71.7 and 28.3% of cases, respectively. Furthermore, 84.8% of patients exhibited multiple skeletal metastases at more than two sites and 54.3% of patients experienced skeletal-related events at the time of diagnosis. The median overall survival (OS) time of the patients was 237 days, and Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patients with adenocarcinoma (P=0.002), single bone metastases (P=0.023), an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-1 (P<0.001) or positive expression of estrogen receptor (ER)-β (P=0.039) exhibited significantly longer survival times. Furthermore, multivariate analysis identified the following independent predictors of OS: Tumor subtype (P=0.022), the number of bone metastases (P=0.016) and an ER-β-positive tumor (P=0.035). In the cohort of NSCLC patients with bone metastases at the time of diagnosis, adenocarcinoma and multiple skeletal metastases were most common.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Angiogenic factor with G-patch and FHA domains 1 (AGGF1) is a factor implicating in vascular differentiation and angiogenesis. Several lines of evidence indicate that aberrant expression of AGGF1 is associated with tumor initiation and progression. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression and prognostic value of AGGF1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), as well as its relationship with clinicopathological factors and tumor angiogenesis. Immunohistochemistry was performed to evaluate the expression of AGGF1 in HCC and paracarcinomatous tissues collected from 70 patients. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and CD34 expression levels were examined in the 70 HCC tissues. Prognostic significance of tumoral AGGF1 expression was determined. Notably, AGGF1 expression was significantly higher in HCC than in surrounding non-tumor tissues (65.7 vs. 25.7 %; P < 0.001). AGGF1 expression was significantly correlated with tumoral VEGF expression and CD34-positive microvessel density. Moreover, AGGF1 expression was significantly associated with tumor size, tumor capsule, vascular invasion, Edmondson grade, alpha-fetoprotein level, and TNM stage. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that high AGGF1 was correlated with reduced overall survival (OS) rate (P = 0.001) and disease-free survival (DFS) rate (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis identified AGGF1 as an independent poor prognostic factor of OS and DFS in HCC patients (P = 0.043 and P = 0.010, respectively). Taken together, increased AGGF1 expression is associated with tumor angiogenesis and serves as an independent unfavorable prognostic factor for OS and DFS in HCC. AGGF1 may represent a potential therapeutic target for HCC.
Medical Oncology 04/2015; 32(4):574. DOI:10.1007/s12032-015-0574-2 · 2.63 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Advanced biofuels have received increasing consideration due to their compatibility with current fuel infrastructure and high energy densities. Consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) is a promising strategy for economic lignocellulosic biofuel production. Recently, National Renewable Energy Laboratory scientists proposed a novel concept to develop a model fungal cellulase producer Trichoderma reesei as the fungal CBP platform for economic lignocellulosic biofuel production. Although nearly all of the systems biology studies for T. reesei were focused on cellulase induction, and there is no systems biology study reported yet for T. reesei as a CBP candidate for biofuel production, these systems biology datasets still can help us understand the global transcriptional profiles of T. reesei in different environmental conditions. In this study, we used public genomic and transcriptomic datasets to help us reconstruct metabolic pathways of glycolysis/fermentation and terpenoid biosynthesis. Several potential genetic targets were proposed to help improve farnesene production in T. reesei. In addition, the transcriptional profiles of known regulators in T. reesei were investigated, and the possibility to identify promoters with different strength was discussed. Our study thus demonstrated the feasibility of harnessing public genomic and transcriptomic data to guide metabolic engineering practice.
Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels, Edited by Himmel ME, 01/2015: chapter Identification of genetic targets to improve lignocellulosic hydrocarbon production in Trichoderma reesei using public genomic and transcriptomic datasets: pages 177-195; Elsevier-Science and Technology Books.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Recent studies have found that periostin (PN), as a kind of secreted glycoprotein, is closely related to the metastatic potential and prognosis of many kinds of tumors. This study aimed to examine the expression of PN in patients with osteosarcoma and explore the relationship of PN expression with clinicopathologic factors and prognosis.
PN was detected by histopathological and immunohistochemical methods in 62 cases of osteosarcoma and 62 of osteochondroma. Detailed pathological and clinical data were collected by reviewing medical records.
The results showed that increased PN protein expression was prevalent in osteosarcoma and was significantly associated with pathologic subtype (P =0.000), tumor size (P =0.016) and Enneking stage (P =0.047). Additionally, expression of PN was found to be an independent prognostic factor in osteosarcoma patients. High expression of PN protein is closely correlated to the tumor progression and poor survival of osteosarcoma.
Our data suggest that PN is a promising biomarker for identifying individuals with poor prognostic potential and suggests its possible use as a prognostic marker in patients with osteosarcoma.
World Journal of Surgical Oncology 09/2014; 12(1):287. DOI:10.1186/1477-7819-12-287 · 1.41 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to explore the diagnostic and prognostic value of serum microRNAs (miRNAs) in hepatitis B viral (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 84 consecutive patients with HBV-related HCC who underwent curative resection. Additionally, we enrolled 46 healthy controls and 31 patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). Serum levels of miR-155-5p, miR-24-3p, miR-490-3p, miR-210-3p, and miR-335-5p were measured. Associations of serum miRNAs with clinicopathological factors were evaluated. Receiver operating characteristic curves were established for discriminating HCC patients from CLD patients, and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were examined by the Kaplan-Meier method. Prognostic factors were determined by multivariate Cox analysis. Consequently, serum miR-24-3p levels were significantly greater in HCC patients than healthy controls and CLD patients. Serum miR-24-3p was significantly associated with vascular invasion in HCC patients. Serum miR-24-3p discriminated HCC patients from CLD, with an AUC of 0.636 [95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.524-0.748]. Combined serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and miR-24-3p had an increased AUC of 0.834 (95 % CI 0.745-0.923; P < 0.001). Elevated serum miR-24-3p was an independent poor prognostic factor for OS and DFS of HCC patients. In conclusion, the combination of serum miR-24-3p and AFP improves the diagnostic accuracy for HCC prediction compared to each biomarker alone. High serum miR-24-3p level is an independent predictor of poor OS and DFS in patients with HBV-related HCC.
Medical Oncology 09/2014; 31(9):177. DOI:10.1007/s12032-014-0177-3 · 2.63 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Homeobox B13 (HOXB13) is generally considered as a crucial regulator of terminal cellular differentiation. More recently, the absent or aberrant expression of HOXB13 has been increasingly implicated in cancer development and metastasis. However, the expression of HOXB13 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its correlation with tumor angiogenesis and prognosis still remain unclear. The aim of the study was to evaluate the expression of HOXB13 in patients with HCC and explore the relationship of HOXB13 expression with clinicopathologic factors, tumor angiogenesis and prognosis. Immunohistochemistry was performed to determine the expression of HOXB13 in HCC and corresponding paracarcinomatous tissues from 72 patients. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and CD31 were only examined in tissues of HCC patients mentioned above. The results showed that HOXB13 expression was significantly (P <0.001) higher in HCC (69.4%) than that in surrounding non-tumor tissues (26.4%), positively correlated with tumor VEGF (P <0.001) and microvessel density (MVD) (P = 0.013). Besides, it was associated with tumor capsula (P <0.001), vascular invasion (P <0.001), Edmondson grade (P <0.001), AFP (P = 0.007) and TNM stage (P <0.001). Univariate analysis showed poorer overall survival (OS) rate and disease free survival (DFS) rate in patients expressing higher levels of HOXB13. HOXB13 was also found to be an independent poor prognostic factor of OS and DFS in multivariate analysis. Taken together, our results suggest that increased HOXB13 expression is associated with tumor angiogenesis and progression in HCC and may function as a promising biomarker for unfavorable prognosis of HCC.
International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 07/2014; 7(6):2925-33. · 1.89 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastrinoma is most commonly located in the gastrinoma triangle (comprising of the duodenum, pancreas and bile ducts) or in the adjacent lymph nodes. Due to the low mortality rate, it is often misdiagnosed as other diseases with similar clinical characteristics, such as a solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas (SPTP). Therefore, the current study reports a rare case of gastrinoma located in the tail of the pancreas of a female patient under medical examination, who exhibited no clinical symptoms. The tumor, which was located in the body and tail of the pancreas, was successfully resected and the spleen was preserved. The outcome of surgery combined with the postoperative pathological examination resulted in the patient being misdiagnosed with a SPTP. During the consequent six-year follow-up period, low-density liver lesions and an intractable peptic ulcer gradually appeared. Finally, the patient diagnosis was confirmed as a malignant pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma with liver metastases. On June 1, 2011, a liver transplant was successfully performed and the patient has maintained a good overall condition. The underlying clinical and pathological factors that may have resulted in misdiagnosis are investigated in the present study. Through providing our preliminary clinical experiences and lessons, the aim of the present study was to focus the attention of clinicians on this type of cancer in order to improve its diagnosis and treatment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To produce lignocellulosic biofuels economically, the complete release of monomers from the plant cell wall components, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, through pre-treatment and hydrolysis (both enzymatic and chemical), and the efficient utilization of these monomers as carbon sources, is crucial. In addition, the identification and development of robust microbial biofuel production strains that can tolerate the toxic compounds generated during pre-treatment and hydrolysis is also essential. In this work, Cupriavidus necator was selected due to its capabilities for utilizing lignin monomers and producing polyhydroxylbutyrate (PHB), a bioplastic as well as an advanced biofuel intermediate. We characterized the growth kinetics of C. necator in pre-treated corn stover slurry as well as individually in the pre-sence of 11 potentially toxic compounds in the saccharified slurry. We found that C. necator was sensitive to the saccharified slurry produced from dilute acid pre-treated corn stover. Five out of 11 compounds within the slurry were characterized as toxic to C. necator, namely ammonium acetate, furfural, hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), benzoic acid, and p-coumaric acid. Aldehydes (e.g., furfural and HMF) were more toxic than the acetate and the lignin degradation products benzoic acid and p-coumaric acid; furfural was identified as the most toxic compound. Although toxic to C. necator at high concentration, ammonium acetate, benzoic acid, and p-coumaric acid could be utilized by C. necator with a stimulating effect on C. necator growth. Consequently, the lignin degradation pathway of C. necator was reconstructed based on genomic information and literature. The efficient conversion of intermediate catechol to downstream products of cis,cis-muconate or 2-hydroxymuconate-6-semialdehyde may help improve the robustness of C. necator to benzoic acid and p-coumaric acid as well as improve PHB productivity.
Frontiers in Microbiology 05/2014; 5:247. DOI:10.3389/fmicb.2014.00247 · 3.99 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent studies have found that periostin (PN), as a kind of secreted glycoprotein, is closely related to the metastatic potential and prognosis of many kinds of tumors. This study aimed to examine the expression of PN in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and explore the relationship of PN expression with clinicopathologic factors, tumor angiogenesis and prognosis. The results showed that increased PN protein expression was prevalent in ESCC and was significantly associated with lymphatic metastasis (P=0.008), tumor differentiation (P=0.04), venous invasion (P=0.014) and TNM stage (P=0.001). Additionally, expression of PN was found to be an independent prognostic factor in ESCC patients. High expression of PN protein is closely correlated to the tumor progression and angiogenesis and poor survival of ESCC. Taken together, PN is a promising biomarker to identify individuals with poor prognostic potential and concludes the possibility of its use as a prognostic marker in patients with ESCC.
International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 02/2014; 7(2):593-601. · 1.89 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although hepatectomy is often performed with the Pringle maneuver, the problem of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (HIRI) can also be serious. Thus, the present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) on HIRI, especially for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and cirrhosis.
Eighty-one HCC patients with chronic HBV infection, undergoing partial hepatectomy with inflow occlusion, were divided into three groups. In the pretreatment group (PR group, n = 26), patients were given SAMe two hours before surgery. In the post-treatment group (PO group, n = 25), patients were given SAMe six hours after surgery. And in the control group (control group, n = 30), patients received partial hepatectomy without any SAMe. All pre-, intra- and postoperative blood samples were collected to measure the plasma levels of transaminases, bilirubin and cytokines. The results were compared among the three groups.
There were no statistically significant intergroup differences observed in age, gender, hepatic inflow occlusion time and the results of liver function tests. Preoperative administration of SAMe (PR group) significantly reduced the plasma levels of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL) and direct bilirubin (DBIL) as compared to the other two groups. In the PO group, TBIL and DBIL were significantly lower than in the control group. Significant differences were also seen in IL-6 and TNF-alpha between the PR group and the other groups. In all groups, postoperative liver reserve function in the PR group as revealed by ICGR15 (Post ICGR15) was at its best before abdominal closure. Compared to the control group, the risk of complications and the hospital stay after surgery were significantly meliorated in the PR group. Additionally, patients with cirrhosis had a more acute rate of change in ALT and AST than non-cirrhotic patients.
Taken together, our preliminary findings suggest that preoperative administration of SAMe is useful and safe for reducing the HIRI in partial hepatectomy, especially for HCC patients whose disease is associated with chronic HBV infection and cirrhosis.
World Journal of Surgical Oncology 02/2014; 12(1):27. DOI:10.1186/1477-7819-12-27 · 1.41 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Recent studies have assessed the relationship between hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) expression and prognosis in breast cancer patients with inconsistent conclusions. To comprehensively and quantitatively summarize the evidence on the survival of patients with breast cancer, a meta-analysis was performed.
Systematic literature searching was applied to the databases of PubMed, Embase and Web of science until April 1, 2013. Pooled HR with 95% CI was used to evaluate the association between HIF-1α expression and survival in breast cancer patients.
Fourteen papers including 2933 patients were subjected to the final analysis. Of these, 7 provided data on overall survival (OS), 8 on disease-free survival (DFS), 3 on distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) and 3 on relapse-free survival (RFS). We observed that high expression of HIF-1α in breast cancer patients was an indicator of poor prognosis on OS (HR = 1.46, 95% CI: 1.12–1.92, P = 0.006), DFS (HR = 1.91, 95% CI: 1.43–2.57, P < 0.001), DMFS (HR = 2.17 95% CI: 1.16–4.05, P = 0.015) and RFS (HR = 1.33 95% CI: 1.09–1.61, P = 0.005). Significant heterogeneity was observed in the analyses of OS and DFS. Subgroup analyses by the cut-off value and antibody for IHC were conducted.
High expression of HIF-1α indicated a poor prognosis for patients with breast cancer.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 01/2014; 428:32–37. DOI:10.1016/j.cca.2013.10.018 · 2.82 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Peroxiredoxin 1 (Prdx1) is a member of the peroxiredoxin family of antioxidant enzymes and implicated in cell differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. The aim of the present study was to determine the expression and diagnostic and prognostic significance of Prdx1 in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Prdx1 expression was examined in 76 HCC patients and 20 healthy volunteers. The relationships between Prdx1 expression and clinicopathological features were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristics analysis was used to calculate the diagnostic accuracy of serum Prdx1, serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), and their combination. The prognostic impact of Prdx1 on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of HCC patients was investigated. Prdx1-positive rate was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in HCC (77.1 %) than in adjacent non-tumorous liver tissues (18.4 %). Prdx1 immunoreactivity was positively correlated with tumor vascular endothelial growth factor expression and microvessel density. Prdx1 expression was significantly associated with tumor size, microvascular invasion, Edmondson grade, tumor capsula status, serum AFP, and tumor-node-metastasis stage. The combination of serum Prdx1 and AFP had a markedly higher area under the curve than serum Prdx1 alone. Positive Prdx1 expression was associated with unfavorable OS (p = 0.004) and DFS (p = 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed intra-tumoral Prdx1 staining as an independent poor prognostic marker for OS (p = 0.006) and DFS (p = 0.002). Taken together, our data suggest that increased Prdx1 expression is associated with tumor angiogenesis and progression in HCC and serves as a promising biomarker for detection and prognosis of this malignancy.
Medical Oncology 01/2014; 31(1):786. DOI:10.1007/s12032-013-0786-2 · 2.63 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of paclitaxel-nedaplatin combination as a front-line regimen in Chinese patients with metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).
A two-center, open-label, single-arm phase II study was designed. Thirty-nine patients were enrolled and included in the intention-to-treat analysis of efficacy and adverse events. Patients received 175 mg/m(2) of paclitaxel over a 3 h infusion on 1 d, followed by nedaplatin 80 mg/m(2) in a 1 h infusion on 2 d every 3 wk until the documented disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or patient's refusal.
Of the 36 patients assessable for efficacy, there were 2 patients (5.1%) with complete response and 16 patients (41.0%) with partial response, giving an overall response rate of 46.1%. The median progression-free survival and median overall survival for all patients were 7.1 mo (95%CI: 4.6-9.7) and 12.4 mo (95%CI: 9.5-15.3), respectively. Toxicities were moderate and manageable. Grade 3/4 toxicities included neutropenia (15.4%), nausea (10.3%), anemia (7.7%), thrombocytopenia (5.1%), vomiting (5.1%) and neutropenia fever (2.6%).
The combination of paclitaxel and nedaplatin is active and well tolerated as a first-line therapy for patients with metastatic ESCC.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2013; 19(35):5910-5916. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v19.i35.5910 · 2.37 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper empirically examines the international spillover of economic growth through bilateral trade. We extend the Solow growth model with a spatial autoregressive term and a spatial time lag term, and estimate such a model with a sample of 26 OECD countries over the period 1971–2005. We find that there is a positive spillover effect of growth from one country to its trade partners. The implied rate of convergence is higher after including the spatial terms.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effect of mechanical refining on the enzymatic digestibility of pretreated corn stover (PCS) was investigated. Low severity, dilute sulfuric acid PCS was subjected to mechanical refining using a bench-scale food processor blender, a PFI mill, a 12-inch laboratory disk refiner, and a 25mm co-rotating twin-screw extruder. Glucose yields from enzymatic hydrolysis were improved by 10-15% after blending and disk refining, while PFI refining and twin-screw extrusion showed a glucose yield improvement of 16-20%. A pilot scale refining test using a Szego mill was performed and showed approximately 10% improvements in biomass digestibility. This suggests the possibility to scale up a mechanical refining technique to obtain similar enzymatic digestibility glucose yield enhancement as achieved by PFI milling and extrusion technologies. Proposed mechanisms of each mechanical refining technology are presented and reasons for improvements in biomass digestibility are discussed in this paper.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: SCHC is a new kind of insulator coating designed to enhance the pollution flashover voltage, and more importantly, to reduce contamination accumulation on insulators. SCHC has good performance in laboratory, but its operating effect has not been studied. In this paper, sample insulators with SCHC coating having operated for a year are tested concerning its hydrophobicity, NSDD, ESDD, and voltage withstanding capability. The result shows that the hydrophobicity doesnt change after a years operation and contamination accumulation on SCHCs surface is much less than that on the RTVs surface. The SCHC has better performance than RTV overall and still needs to be improved in the future.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterized by excessive production of a variety of autoantibodies, accumulation of immune complexes, and multiple organ systems involvement. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) has an important role in the growth, survival, differentiation, and function of B cells. Abnormally increased IL-10 synthesis seems contributing to the spontaneous hyperactivity of the B cell compartment, so that it can directly result in autoantibody production by committed plasma cells, circulating immune complexes formation, and eventually in tissue and organ damage, suggesting it might associate with the development of SLE. A better understanding of the regulation of IL-10 and its receptors (IL-10R) can likely provide more valuable clues to the pathogenic mechanisms underlying specific forms of SLE, so as to pave the way toward more effective therapeutics.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Periostin (PN) is a kind of secreted glycoprotein, which is closely related to the metastatic potential and prognosis of many kinds of tumors in recent studies. However, the expression level of PN in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its correlation with tumor angiogenesis and prognosis remain unclear. Here Immunohistochemistry assay was used to determine the expression of PN in HCC and corresponding adjacent tissues from 71 patients. VEGF and CD34 were only examined in HCC tissues of patients mentioned above. Immunohistochemically, the expression of PN in HCC was judged to be positive in 73.2 % (52/71) compared with 19.7 % (14/71) in corresponding adjacent tissues, and it was associated with tumor nodules (P = 0.070), microvascular invasion (P = 0.013), Edmondson grade (P = 0.003), tumor capsula (P = 0.038) and TNM stage (P = 0.000); besides, tumors with PN-positive group expressed higher VEGF (82.7 vs. 26.3 %, χ (2) = 20.195, P = 0.000) and had higher MVD (80.5 ± 36.5 vs. 24.0 ± 19.9, t = -6.395, P = 0.000) than those in PN-negative group. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, and Cox regression model was performed for multivariate survival analysis. In particular, the expression of PN was found to be an independent factor for predicting overall and disease-free survival of HCC. It is possible that the expression level of PN in HCC is associated with tumor metastatic potential and angiogenesis. Its abnormal expression could be a predictive factor to anticipate HCC patient's prognosis after surgery.
Medical Oncology 03/2013; 30(1):385. DOI:10.1007/s12032-012-0385-7 · 2.63 Impact Factor