Fatih Kantarci

Istanbul University, İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey

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Publications (109)188.23 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The malignant parotid lesions are fast growing and rapidly become symptomatic. Ultrasonography and fine needle aspiration biopsy are mainly used in the differential diagnosis of parotid lesions. The most common treatment of all parotid lesions is surgical excision. Here, we present a case of a very rapidly enlarging, painful parotid lesion with no etiology. A 30-year-old man presented with a rapidly progressive, enlarging, painful mass on the left side of the parotid region. The size of the lesion had enlarged rapidly day by day. The patient had no history of head and neck surgery or trauma. After evaluation of the patient with radiologic examinations, no certain diagnosis could be made; we thought that the patient might be experiencing spontaneous intraparotid bleeding with unknown etiology. We decided to wait for a time for spontaneous resolution. The lesion resolved spontaneously in a few months, without any complications or sequelae.
    The Journal of craniofacial surgery 05/2014; 25(3):e244-5. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the relative proportions of stromal to cellular components of pleomorphic adenomas have an effect on the shear elastic modulus determined by shear wave elastography (SWE). Methods- This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of our institution and performed between September 2011 and December 2012. Thirty-five patients who underwent surgery for a parotid mass were included in the study. The maximum shear elastic modulus of the mass was measured by SWE. Pleomorphic adenomas were histopathologically subdivided into stroma-poor, intermediate-stroma, and stroma-rich tumors based on the relative proportion of stromal to cellular components. Results- The maximum shear elastic modulus values of the pleomorphic adenomas ranged from 12.6 to 291.9 kPa (mean ± SD, 120.9 ± 92.8 kPa). The Friedman test revealed a statistically significant relationship between the stromal amount and maximum shear elastic modulus (P < .001). Stroma-poor adenomas (mean, 32.3 ± 27.7 kPa; range, 12.6-81.1 kPa) were softer on SWE than stroma-rich adenomas (mean, 174.1 ± 48.4 kPa; range, 92.7-217.2 kPa; P = .009). No such significant difference was detected between stroma-poor and intermediate-stroma tumors (mean, 146.3 ± 106.1 kPa; range, 19.1-291.9 kPa; P = .062) or between intermediate-stroma and stroma-rich tumors (P = .465). Conclusions- Shear wave elastography depicts pleomorphic adenomas with a variable appearance, which is due to the relative proportions of stromal to cellular contents in the tumors.
    Journal of ultrasound in medicine: official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine 03/2014; 33(3):503-8. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Shear-wave elastography (SWE) is a novel non-invasive method that involves applying local mechanical compression on soft tissue using focused ultrasonography (US) and acquiring strain images that show tissue response. In this study, our goal was to assess the performance of SWE in the staging of liver fibrosis in children with chronic liver disease. The study involved measuring SWE values in the right lobe of the liver in a patient group of 76 children with chronic liver disease and a control group of 50 healthy subjects. In the patient group, the shear elastic modulus values were correlated with biopsy results according to the Brunt scoring system (F0: portal fibrosis, F1: perisinusoidal or portal/periportal fibrosis, F2: both perisinusoidal and portal/periportal fibrosis, F3: bridging fibrosis and F4: cirrhosis). Performance of SWE in estimating liver fibrosis in children was determined based on a receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analysis. Mean SWE values of the control group and F0 group were not statistically significantly different (p = 0.106). The mean SWE values of the F1, F2, F3, and F4 groups were higher than that of the control group (all p < 0.001). Based on kPa measurement values, the area under the ROC curve was 95.2% (95% CI = 92.1-99.5%) with a sensitivity for diagnosing liver fibrosis of 91.5%, a specificity of 94.0%, a positive predictive value of 93.1%, and a negative predictive value of 92.6%. Based on m/s measurement values, the area under the ROC curve was 96.3% (95% CI = 92.7-99.8%) with a sensitivity for diagnosing liver fibrosis of 93.2%, a specificity of 94.0%, a positive predictive value of 93.2%, and a negative predictive value of 94.0%. Mean SWE values for patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) were higher than those in the remainder of the study group. Although liver fibrosis can be detected using SWE, differentiation of fibrosis stages could not be achieved. The presence of steatosis significantly increased the mean SWE values on elastography and so care should be taken when assessing children with NASH.
    Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition 02/2014; · 2.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intussusception is the most frequent complication of Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (PJS), but usually seen in child age. It is a predictable, but infrequent complication in adults with PJS. However, there is no report about intussusception in pregnancy period secondary to Peutz-Jeghers (PJ) polyps in the literature. In this paper, we present a rare intussusception case in a pregnant woman with PJS, which was diagnosed with magnetic resonance imaging, and discuss this condition with a brief literature review.
    Scottish medical journal 01/2014; · 0.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A case of acute mesenteric ischemia due to thrombosis of superior mesenteric artery and vein in a 44-year-old woman following chemotherapy for invasive laryngeal carcinoma was diagnosed on a multi-detector CT scan. Although the link between malignancy and thromboembolism is widely recognized in patients with cancer, chemotherapy further elevates the risk of thrombosis. Acute mesenteric ischemia associated or not associated with chemotherapy rarely occurs in patients with cancer. Moreover, co-occurrence of superior mesenteric artery and superior mesenteric vein thrombosis is reported for the first time.
    Japanese journal of radiology 01/2014; · 0.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital anomaly of the small intestine. Common complications related to a Meckel's diverticulum include hemorrhage, intestinal obstruction, and inflammation. Small bowel obstruction due to mesodiverticular band of Meckel's diverticulum is a rare complication. Herein, we report a case of small bowel obstruction occurring due to mesodiverticular band of a Meckel's diverticulum. The important aspect of our case is clear demonstration of the mesodiverticular band adjacent to the Meckel's diverticulum on pre-operative computed tomography (CT).
    JBR-BTR: organe de la Société royale belge de radiologie (SRBR) = orgaan van de Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Radiologie (KBVR) 01/2014; 97(1):25-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: To assess the long term clinical outcome of preoperative radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy followed by limb sparing surgery in patients with non-metastatic soft tissue sarcomas (STS) of the extremities. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients with locally advanced STS were retrospectively analyzed. The median tumor diameter was 12 cm. All patients were treated with preoperative radiotherapy delivered with two different fractionation schedules (35Gy/10fr or 46-50Gy/23-25fr). Neoadjuvant chemotherapy was added to 44 patients with large and/or high grade tumors. Surgery was performed 2-6 weeks after radiotherapy. Chemotherapy was completed up to 6 courses after surgery in patients who had good responses. Results: Median follow-up time was 67 months (8-268 months). All of the patients had limb sparing surgery. The 5-year local control (LC), disease free (DFS) and overall survival (OSS) rates for all of the patients were 81%, 48.1% and 68.3% respectively. 5-year LC, DFS and cause specific survival (CSS) were 81.7%, 47%, 69.8%, and 80%, 60%, 60% in the chemoradiotherapy and radiotherapy groups, respectively. On univariate analysis, patients who were treated with hypofractionation experienced significantly superior LC, DFS and CSS rates with similar rates of late toxicity when compared with patients who were treated with conventional fractionation and statistical significance was retained on multivariate analysis. Conclusions: Treatment results are consistent with the literature. As neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy provides effective LC and CSS with acceptable morbidity, it should be preferred for patients with large and borderline resectable STS.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2014; 15(4):1775-1781. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To measure the median nerve (MN) stiffness by quantitative shear wave elastography (SWE) at the carpal tunnel inlet and to determine whether SWE can be used in the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The study included 37 consecutive patients (60 wrists) with a definitive diagnosis of CTS and 18 healthy volunteers (36 wrists). The MN cross-sectional area (CSA) by ultrasound and stiffness by SWE were studied. The difference between CTS patients and controls, and the difference among subgroups based on electrodiagnostic tests were studied by the Student's t test. Interobserver variability and ROC analysis were performed. The MN stiffness was significantly higher in the CTS group (66.7 kPa) when compared to controls (32.0 kPa) (P < 0.001), and higher in the severe or extreme severity group (101.4 kPa) than the mild or moderate severity group (55.1 kPa) (P < 0.001). A 40.4-kPa cut-off value on SWE revealed sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and accuracy of 93.3 %, 88.9 %, 93.3 %, 88.9 % and 91.7 %, respectively. Interobserver agreement was excellent for SWE measurements. Median nerve stiffness at the carpal tunnel inlet is significantly higher in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome, for whom shear wave elastography appears to be a highly reproducible diagnostic technique. • Clinical examination is important for diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome • Shear wave elastography (SWE) offers new clinical opportunities within diagnostic ultrasound • SWE is highly reproducible in evaluation of median nerve stiffness • Median nerve stiffness is significantly increased in carpal tunnel syndrome • Elastography could become useful in diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome.
    European Radiology 09/2013; · 4.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the vertebrobasilar system in adults with and without obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Our study population was made up of 48 patients with OSA and 21 healthy volunteers who served as controls; the OSA patients were subdivided into one group with mild or moderate OSA (n = 22) and another with severe OSA (n = 26). Each participant underwent Doppler ultrasonography three times to measure the diameter of the vertebral artery, the peak systolic velocity (PSV), the resistive index (RI), and the vertebral artery flow volume; the mean of the three measurements was calculated for each patient, for the OSA and control groups, and for various subgroups. No significant differences in vessel diameter, PSV, or RI were seen among any of the subgroups. Overall, the vertebral artery flow volume was slightly, but not significantly, higher in all patients with OSA (206 ml/min) than in the control group (177 ml/min); this difference might reflect the body's daytime response to the chronic apneic events experienced during sleep. The only statistically significant difference we found was in vertebral artery flow volume between the controls and the subgroup with mild or moderate OSA (p = 0.026); no difference was seen between the controls and the patients with severe OSA (p = 0.318). Likewise, no significant difference in any of the four parameters was seen when patients were subclassified by body mass index and arterial oxygen saturation level.
    Ear, nose, & throat journal 08/2013; 92(8):E25-30. · 1.03 Impact Factor
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    Open Journal of Internal Medicine 05/2013; 3(2):60-62.
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    ABSTRACT: A patient with a 2-year history of pain in the left arm, and decreased strengths unrelieved by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory therapy, was being referred for repeating radiography. The radiologic examinations have demonstrated a unique pattern of non-contiguous osteolysis in the left elbow, proximal and distal radius, ulna, wrist, carpal bones, proximal and distal metacarpals and phalanges. Multi-site biopsies were being performed and confirmed the diagnosis of massive osteolysis. To our knowledge, this is the first case in which multifocal, non-contiguous osteolysis with skip lesions without associated nephropathy and without a hereditary pattern is being described in one extremity.
    Korean journal of radiology: official journal of the Korean Radiological Society 01/2013; 14(6):946-950. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Segmental testicular infarction (STI) is a rare cause of acute scrotum. The spectrum of findings on gray-scale and color Doppler ultrasonography differ depending on the time between the onset of testicular pain and the ultrasonography examination. We are not aware of the usefulness of shear-wave elastography for the diagnosis of STI. We report the shear-wave elastography features in a case of STI and discuss the role of this diagnostic modality in the differential diagnosis.
    Korean journal of radiology: official journal of the Korean Radiological Society 11/2012; 13(6):820-2. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to define and compare the mechanical properties of the vastus lateralis (VL) and vastus medialis obliquus muscles (VMO) by the way of quantitative shear-wave elastography in male and female healthy control (HC) subjects, and in female patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two healthy volunteers (11 male and 11 female) and 11 female patients with anterior knee pain were included in the study. The SWE examinations for VL and VMO were performed while the subjects were performing open kinetic chain exercises in neutral and 30° hip abduction. The contraction capacity (CC) and contraction ratio (CR) values were determined in resting and contraction phases in both hip positions. RESULTS: The mean elasticity values in the CC for VL and VMO muscles were significantly higher in male HC subjects when compared to female HC subjects (p < 0.05). The CR of the VL muscle in female patients with PFPS was not significantly different than the female HC group. The CR for the VMO muscle was significantly lower in female patients with PFPS when compared to female HC subjects (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We found a significant VMO weakness, and this method may provide quantitative data that might influence the diagnosis of muscle weakness, in female patients with PFPS.
    Skeletal Radiology 09/2012; · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A total of 66 children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease (CKD) (20 pre-dialysis patients and 46 chronic dialysis patients) were evaluated to address the prevalence of abnormalities in glucose and insulin metabolism and their association with cardiovascular disease. Glucose intolerance was assessed using an oral glucose tolerance test; insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). Carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) were examined as early markers of cardiovascular disease. Thirty-four patients (7 pre-dialysis, 27 dialysis) exhibited an abnormal glucose tolerance; however, ten patients (7 pre-dialysis, 3 dialysis) were insulin-resistant. Height-specific standard deviation scores of carotid artery IMT were above normal in three of the pre-dialysis patients (15%) and in 34 of the dialysis patients (74%). LVH was present in seven pre-dialysis (35%) and 34 dialysis patients (74%). In addition, two of the pre-dialysis patients (10%) and 18 of the dialysis patients (39%) had severe LVH. The prevalence of both increased carotid artery IMT and LVH were similar in patients with or without glucose intolerance in both groups, but severe LVH was more prevalent in pre-dialysis patients with glucose intolerance (p = 0.042). The multivariate analyses showed that neither carotid artery IMT nor LVM index was predicted by serum glucose levels or HOMA-IR. In conclusion, children with CKD are at a high risk of glucose intolerance and also have a greater risk of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the presence of glucose intolerance does not appear to be an independent risk factor for increased carotid artery IMT or LVH.
    Pediatric Nephrology 04/2012; 27(4):627-35. · 2.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate prognostic factors, survival rate and the efficacy of the treatment modalities used in patients with extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma. Data of patients with extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma followed up at our center between 1997 and 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. The median age of 27 patients was 24 years (range, 16-54 years). The median follow-up was 31.8 months (range, 6-144 months). Tumor size was between 1.5 and 14 cm (median: 8 cm). Eighty-five percent of patients had localized disease at presentation and 15% had metastatic disease. Local therapy was surgery alone in 16% of patients, surgery combined with radiotherapy in 42% and radiotherapy alone in 27%. All patients were treated with vincristine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide and actinomycin-D, alternating with ifosfamide and etoposide every 3 weeks. In patients with localized disease at presentation, the 5-year event-free survival and overall survival were 59.7 and 64.5%, respectively. At univariate analysis, patients with tumor size ≥ 8 cm, high serum lactate dehydrogenase, metastasis at presentation, poor histological response to chemotherapy and positive surgical margin had significantly worse event-free survival. The significant predictors of worse overall survival at univariate analysis were tumor size 8 ≥ cm, high lactate dehydrogenase, metastasis at presentation, poor histological response to chemotherapy, radiotherapy only as local treatment and positive surgical margin. Prognostic factors were similar to primary osseous Ewing's sarcomas. Adequate surgical resection, aggressive chemotherapy (vincristine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide and actinomycin-D alternating with ifosfamide and etoposide) and radiotherapy if indicated are the recommended therapy for patients with extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 03/2012; 42(5):420-6. · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Giant multilocular prostatic cystadenoma is a rare benign tumor that evolves from the prostate gland. Obstructive voiding symptoms occur in all reported cases. These lesions do not invade adjacent structures. Preoperative radiologic evaluation can define the benign nature of the lesion. Here we report a case of large cystic lesions identified by magnetic resonance imaging and sonographic findings that caused an extensive mass effect in the pelvis. When retrovesical, huge cystic lesions fill the pelvis completely in young men, with high levels of serum prostate-specific antigen, giant multilocular prostatic cystadenoma should be considered as a differential diagnosis. To our knowledge, this is the youngest case of prostatic cystadenoma reported in the literature.
    Korean journal of urology 03/2012; 53(3):209-13.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the utility of ultrasound cross-sectional area (CSA) measurements for diagnosing acetabular labral (AL) tears. The study included qualitative/quantitative ultrasound examinations of 55 hips in 52 patients with a presumed diagnosis of AL tear and 56 hips in 28 healthy volunteers. MR arthrography examinations were available only for the patients and were reviewed for the presence of AL thickening and tear. The CSA of the anterior labrum was significantly larger in patients with an AL tear on MR arthrography than those in healthy volunteers (P < 0.01). The CSA cut-off value in determining labral thickening that maximises accuracy was 34.7 mm(2), and sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 86.7%, 74.1% and 77.5%. Direct signs of AL tear on ultrasound had sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 34.9%, 91.7% and 47.3%. The CSA cut-off value that maximises the accuracy of the AL tear was 40.6 mm(2), and sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 58.1%, 91.2% and 78.4%. Ultrasound detects the thickened labrum frequently observed in MR arthrography studies, especially in patients with dysplastic hips. Although specificity of the method of detecting AL tears is high, sensitivity is low, with an overlap between subjects with AL tear and controls. • Labral degeneration is frequent in dysplastic hips • Thickened labra are frequently observed on MR arthrograms • Labral thickening can be depicted by quantitative ultrasound measurements • The sensitivity is low with overlap between subjects with AL tear and controls.
    European Radiology 02/2012; 22(6):1350-6. · 4.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The management of congenital peripheral vascular malformations (VMs) can present a difficult therapeutic challenge. Endovascular transcatheter embolization of peripheral VMs is widely accepted as a first therapeutic option for many VMs. However, data describing the use of Onyx are limited in children with peripheral VMs. Our aim is to retrospectively evaluate the results of transcatheter arterial embolization with Onyx for peripheral VMs in children. We analyzed clinical and imaging records of 16 patients who underwent 25 embolization procedures by using Onyx for peripheral VMs. In eight cases, embolization procedures were performed once; in seven cases, twice; and in one case, thrice. Embolization was technically complete in 4 patients and incomplete in 12 patients. Clinically, complete success was achieved in nine patients, and partial success was achieved in six patients. In one patient, reflux to the anterior and posterior tibial arteries caused peripheral ischemia, and the patient was referred to undergo plastic surgery. There were no complications in the other 15 patients. With future studies to better characterize the safety profile of this agent in peripheral vasculature, embolization with Onyx may become a valuable treatment option for peripheral VMs in pediatric patients.
    Pediatric Surgery International 01/2012; 28(5):477-87. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We studied premature atherosclerosis with carotid Doppler ultrasonography in active acromegaly before and after treatment. Patients (n = 27) with active acromegaly and 12 age-, gender-, and body mass index-matched healthy individuals were included in the study. Carotid intima-media thickness was decreased significantly in the inactive group after treatment (median: 0.6 mm, interquartile range [IQR]: 0.55-0.80]) when compared with the active group (median: 0.9 mm [IQR: 0.75-1.15], P < .0001), but there was no significant difference between the inactive and control groups. There was a correlation between homeostasis model of assessment-insulin resistance (P = .01, r = .41) and growth hormone (GH; P < .0001, r = .46). In conclusion, premature atherosclerosis was demonstrated in active acromegaly patients probably as a consequence of insulin resistance and direct vascular effects of GH and/or insulin-like growth factor 1.
    Angiology 01/2012; 63(7):522-7. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare grayscale and color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) findings to that of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) portography in the evaluation of portal hypertension in children. Thirty children (mean age, 11.4 years) with definitive clinical and laboratory diagnoses of portal hypertension were included in the study. Liver parenchymal changes, portal vein thrombosis, cavernous transformation, splenomegaly, recanalization of the paraumbilical vein, ascites collateral vessels, and hemodynamic parameters were evaluated prospectively. Liver parenchymal heterogeneity (n = 21) was detected more often by CDUS than MDCT (P = 0.002). CDUS and MDCT established similar results for increased right/left lobe ratio, lobulation of the liver contour, ascites, and splenomegaly. Portal vein thrombosis, cavernous transformation, and recanalization of the paraumbilical vein were comparable between CDUS and MDCT (κ = 1, P < 0.01). Collaterals were detected more by MDCT portography than by CDUS. Esophageal collaterals and azygous vein dilatation were seen only by MDCT portography (P < 0.01, P = 0.024; respectively). CDUS was superior to MDCT in identifying parenchymal changes and hemodynamic parameters. MDCT was superior in detecting abnormal collateral circulation. The combination of these two modalities provides more comprehensive information than either alone in the diagnosis and follow-up of portal hypertension.
    Southern medical journal 01/2012; 105(1):6-10. · 0.92 Impact Factor