[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The histone chaperone Asf1 and the checkpoint kinase Rad53 are found in a complex in budding yeast cells in the absence of genotoxic stress. Our data suggest that this complex involves at least three interaction sites. One site involves the H3-binding surface of Asf11 with an as yet undefined surface of Rad53. A second site is formed by the Rad53-FHA1 domain binding to Asf1-T(270) phosphorylated by casein kinase II. The third site involves the C-terminal 21 amino acids of Rad53 bound to the conserved Asf1 N-terminal domain. The structure of this site showed that the Rad53 C-terminus binds Asf1 in a remarkably similar manner to peptides derived from the histone cochaperones HirA and CAF-I. We call this binding motif, (R/K)R(I/A/V) (L/P), the AIP box for Asf1-Interacting Protein box. Furthermore, C-terminal Rad53-F(820) binds the same pocket of Asf1 as does histone H4-F(100). Thus Rad53 competes with histones H3-H4 and cochaperones HirA/CAF-I for binding to Asf1. Rad53 is phosphorylated and activated upon genotoxic stress. The Asf1-Rad53 complex dissociated when cells were treated with hydroxyurea but not methyl-methane-sulfonate, suggesting a regulation of the complex as a function of the stress. We identified a rad53 mutation that destabilized the Asf1-Rad53 complex and increased the viability of rad9 and rad24 mutants in conditions of genotoxic stress, suggesting that complex stability impacts the DNA damage response.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 02/2012; 109(8):2866-71. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1106023109 · 9.67 Impact Factor