Howard A. Burris III

Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Nashville, Tennessee, United States

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Publications (6)8.01 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Trametinib (Mekinist®) is a selective inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) approved in the United States as a single agent and in combination with dabrafenib (Tafinlar®) for treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma with a positive BRAF V600E/V600K mutation for which a pediatric oral solution formulation is being developed. This open-label, two-period, two-treatment, randomized, crossover study assessed the relative bioavailability of the trametinib pediatric oral solution compared to the tablet formulation after a single-dose administration to adult patients with solid tumors. Primary pharmacokinetic endpoints derived from standard non-compartmental methods were AUC0-inf, AUC0-t, and Cmax. As expected, Cmax was higher and Tmax earlier for the pediatric oral solution compared to the tablet formulation. Administration of the trametinib pediatric oral solution resulted in a 12%, 10%, 18% and 71% higher AUC0-inf, AUClast, AUC0-24 and Cmax, respectively, as compared to the tablet formulation. Safety results were aligned with the known safety profile of trametinib. No serious or non-serious adverse events resulted in study drug withdrawal. Palatability of the pediatric oral solution was evaluated and found to be acceptable to most adult patients, but may differ in the pediatric population.
    Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background Postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive (HR+) breast cancer in whom disease progresses or there is recurrence while taking a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor (NSAI) are usually treated with exemestane (EXE), but no single standard of care exists in this setting. The BOLERO-2 trial demonstrated that adding everolimus (EVE) to EXE improved progression-free survival (PFS) while maintaining quality of life when compared with EXE alone. Because many women with HR+ advanced breast cancer are elderly, the tolerability profile of EVE plus EXE in this population is of interest. Patients and Methods BOLERO-2, a phase III randomized trial, compared EVE (10 mg/d) and placebo (PBO), both plus EXE (25 mg/d), in 724 postmenopausal women with HR+ advanced breast cancer recurring/progressing after treatment with NSAIs. Safety and efficacy data in elderly patients are reported at 18-month median follow-up. Results Baseline disease characteristics and treatment histories among the elderly subsets (≥ 65 years, n = 275; ≥ 70 years, n = 164) were generally comparable with younger patients. The addition of EVE to EXE improved PFS regardless of age (hazard ratio, 0.59 [≥ 65 years] and 0.45 [≥ 70 years]). Adverse events (AEs) of special interest (all grades) that occurred more frequently with EVE than with PBO included stomatitis, infections, rash, pneumonitis, and hyperglycemia. Elderly EVE-treated patients had similar incidences of these AEs as did younger patients but had more on-treatment deaths. Conclusion Adding EVE to EXE offers substantially improved PFS over EXE and was generally well tolerated in elderly patients with HR+ advanced breast cancer. Careful monitoring and appropriate dose reductions or interruptions for AE management are recommended during treatment with EVE in this patient population.
    Clinical Breast Cancer 01/2013; 13(6):421–432.e8. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: IHL-305 is a novel PEGylated liposome containing irinotecan. This study examined the safety profile and pharmacokinetics of IHL-305 and established the maximum tolerated dose and recommended phase II dose (RP2D). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a standard 3 + 3 design, IHL-305 was administered IV on day 1 of a 28-day treatment schedule. Subsequently, a 14-day treatment schedule was also explored. Two patient populations were evaluated separately: Patients with at least one wild-type (wt) allele of UGT1A1 (UDP glucoronosyltransferase 1A1) wt/wt or wt/*28 as one group (referred to as UGT1A1 wt group) and patients with UGT1A1*28 homozygous variant (*28/*28) as another group. RESULTS: Sixty patients were treated: 42 on the 28-day schedule and 18 on the 14-day schedule. Seven patients were homozygous variant (*28/*28). In the UGT1A1 wt group, the MTD and RP2D of IHL-305 was 160 mg/m(2) every 28 days and 80 mg/m(2) every 14 days. DLTs included nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and neutropenia. The most common adverse events were nausea (75 %), vomiting (52 %), diarrhea (62 %), anorexia (57 %), and fatigue (57 %). At the MTD for both schedules, IHL-305 administration resulted in a high and prolonged exposure of sum total irinotecan, released irinotecan, and SN-38 in plasma. One partial response was observed in a patient with breast cancer and eight patients had stable disease for >6 months. CONCLUSIONS: IHL-305, a novel preparation of irinotecan encapsulated in liposomes, can be safely given to patients in a repeated fashion on a 4- or 2-week dosing schedule.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 09/2012; · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is an antibody-drug conjugate comprising trastuzumab and DM1, a microtubule polymerization inhibitor, covalently bound via a stable thioether linker. To characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) of T-DM1 in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic breast cancer, data from four studies (TDM3569g, TDM4258g, TDM4374g, and TDM4688g) of single-agent T-DM1 administered at 3.6 mg/kg every 3 weeks (q3w) were assessed in aggregate. Multiple analytes-T-DM1, total trastuzumab (TT), DM1, and key metabolites-were quantified using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays or liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. PK parameters of T-DM1, TT, and DM1 exposure were calculated using standard noncompartmental approaches and correlated to efficacy (objective response rate) and safety (platelet counts, hepatic transaminase concentrations). Immunogenicity was evaluated by measuring anti-therapeutic antibodies (ATA) to T-DM1 after repeated dosing using validated bridging antibody electrochemiluminescence or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. PK parameters for T-DM1, TT, and DM1 were consistent across studies at cycle 1 and steady state. T-DM1 PK was not affected by residual trastuzumab from prior therapy or circulating extracellular domain of HER2. No significant correlations were observed between T-DM1 exposure and efficacy, thrombocytopenia, or increased concentrations of transaminases. Across the studies, ATA formation was detected in 4.5% (13/286) of evaluable patients receiving T-DM1 q3w. The PK profile of single-agent T-DM1 (3.6 mg/kg q3w) is predictable, well characterized, and unaffected by circulating levels of HER2 extracellular domain or residual trastuzumab. T-DM1 exposure does not correlate with clinical responses or key adverse events.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 01/2012; 69(5):1229-40. · 2.80 Impact Factor
  • Ejc Supplements - EJC SUPPL. 01/2009; 7(2):266-267.
  • Howard A. Burris III
    Community Oncology 9(9):S23–S25.