ABSTRACT: Limited data are available regarding the use of diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with multiple b values for characterization of renal lesions.
To demonstrate and compare the diagnostic performance of DW-MRI with multiple b values for renal lesion characterization.
Sixty-three lesions (36 malignant, 27 benign) in 60 consecutive patients (48 men, 12 women; age 60 ± 12.5 years) with solid/cystic renal lesion diagnosed after MRI were included prospectively. Single-shot echo-planar DW abdominal MRI (1.5T) was obtained using seven b values with eight apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps. Contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs), signal intensities, lesion ADCs, and lesion/normal parenchyma ADC ratios were analyzed. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis was performed.
The mean signal intensities of malignant lesions (at b0, 50, and 200s/mm(2)) were significantly lower than those of benign lesions (P < 0.05). The mean ADC values at all b value combinations of malignant lesions were significantly lower than those of benign lesions (P < 0.000), excluding the ADC value at b50 s/mm(2). ADC with all b values could better distinguish between benign and malignant lesions. A 1.35 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s threshold ADC value permitted this distinction with 85.2% sensitivity and 65.6% specificity. The lesion/normal parenchyma ADC ratio was more effective than the lesion ADC.
In addition to the ADC value, the signal intensity curve on DW images using multiple b values could be helpful for differentiation of malignant and benign renal lesions.
Acta Radiologica 02/2012; 53(3):359-65. · 1.37 Impact Factor