ABSTRACT: We examined the re-bleeding rate after endoscopic hemostasis according to the bleeding pattern in patients with an acute lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage from colonic diverticula in 34 patients with active bleeding (Type 1) and 49 patients with exposed vessels and/or erosions in the base of diverticulum and no active bleeding (Type 2). Endoscopic hemostasis was performed by clipping the exposed vessel or erosions (direct method) or the entire diverticular orifice (reefing method). The incidence of re-bleeding was significantly higher in the Type 1 group than in the Type 2 group (p=0.002). All Type 1 cases were treated by the reefing method. In contrast, 14 of the 49 Type 2 cases were treated by the direct method, and no re-bleeding was observed in these cases. Of the other 35 Type 2 cases treated by reafing, rebleeding was seen in 5 cases. More effective endoscopic treatment is needed to prevent early re-bleeding, especially for Type 1 patients. The direct method may therefore reduce the rate of re-bleeding in Type 2 patients.
Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology 01/2012; 109(3):393-9.