[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: T regulatory (T(R)) cells suppress T-cell responses that are critical in the development of chronic viral infection and associated malignancies. Programmed death-1 (PD-1) also has a pivotal role in regulation of T-cell functions during chronic viral infection. To examine the role of PD-1 pathway in regulating T(R)-cell functions that inhibit T-cell responses during virus-associated malignancy, T(R) cells were investigated in the setting of hepatitis C virus-associated lymphoma (HCV-L), non-HCV-associated lymphoma (non-HCV-L), HCV infection alone and healthy subjects (HS). Relatively high numbers of CD4(+)CD25(+) and CD8(+)CD25(+) T(R) cells, as well as high levels of PD-1 expressions on these T(R) cells were found in the peripheral blood of subjects with HCV-L compared with those from non-HCV-L or HCV alone or HS. T(R) cells from the HCV-L subjects were capable of suppressing the autogeneic lymphocyte response, and depletion of T(R) cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from HCV-L improved T-cell proliferation. Additionally, the suppressed T-cell activation and proliferation in HCV-L was partially restored by blocking the PD-1 pathway ex vivo, resulting in both a reduction in T(R)-cell number and the ability of T(R) to suppress the activity of effector T cells. This study suggests that the PD-1 pathway is involved in regulating T(R) cells that suppress T-cell functions in the setting of HCV-associated B-cell lymphoma.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chest pain is an extremely common presenting symptom that is usually related to a cardiac cause. This case illustrates an unusual presentation of multiple myeloma as a cause of atypical chest pain. This case presentation shows the importance of having a broad differential diagnosis while evaluating patients with atypical chest pain. It also illustrates the potential role of Tc-99m sestamibi imaging as a diagnostic modality in patients with multiple myeloma.
Southern medical journal 09/2009; 102(9):977-8. DOI:10.1097/SMJ.0b013e3181af6aef · 0.93 Impact Factor