ABSTRACT: In this study the binding and assembly of bovine serum albumin (BSA) onto three different calcium phosphate phases (hydroxyapatite, dibasic calcium phosphate dihydrate, and β-tricalcium phosphate) was investigated using a combination of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). XPS was used to record adsorption isotherms and to quantify the amount of BSA adsorbed onto the different CaP surfaces. On all three surfaces a monolayer of adsorbed BSA was formed. ToF-SIMS was then used to investigate how the structure of BSA changes upon surface binding. ToF-SIMS data from BSA films on the three CaP surfaces showed intensity differences of secondary ions originating from both hydrophobic and hydrophilic amino acids. For a more quantitative examination of structural changes, we developed a ratio comparing the sum of intensities of secondary ions from hydrophobic and hydrophilic residues. A small, but statistically significant, increase in the value of this ratio (7%) was observed between a BSA film on hydroxyapatite versus dibasic calcium phosphate dihydrate. From this ratio we can make some initial hypotheses about what specific changes in BSA structure relate to these differences observed in the ToF-SIMS data.
Journal of vacuum science & technology. B, Microelectronics and nanometer structures: processing, measurement, and phenomena: an official journal of the American Vacuum Society 07/2011; 29(4):4D113. · 1.34 Impact Factor