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ABSTRACT: Aim: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is the treatment of choice for patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic high-grade carotid stenosis. In literature there are papers advocating patch plasty for better results. But there is controversy about which patch material is optimal for use. This study compared rate of neurologic events, and perioperative death in patients undergoing CEA with primary closure versus patch closure. Methods: We compared patch angioplasty to primary closure between August 2008 and December 2012 in 57 operations. Patients grouped according to their closure technique. Early (30-day) stroke and mortality rate were evaluated. Mean age of patients was 67.79±10.19 (range 41-85 years). 15 (26.31%) of patients were female Results: Primary closure was used in 13 operations, and patch angioplasty was used in 44 (saphenous vein: 5, Dacron: 23, Fabric: 5, Carotid: 11). There were no significant differences among groups' baseline characteristics. Primary closure was associated with significantly more postoperative major stroke compared with patch used closure (P=0.05). None of preoperative variables were associated with postoperative stroke. Conclusion: On the basis of our results, avoiding primary closure for CEA is defendable. But choice of patch material needs large trials to conclude.
The Journal of cardiovascular surgery 03/2014; · 1.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hybrid coronary revascularization is an alternative for treatment for high-risk patients with coronary artery disease. We evaluated the efficacy of staged hybrid coronary revascularization for the treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery disease in high-risk patients.
Patients with left main or proximal left anterior descending coronary artery stenosis who are not good candidates for percutaneous coronary intervention and who had suitable lesions in the right coronary and circumflex arteries were considered for staged hybrid therapy if they had poor left ventricular functions (ejection fraction <0.40) and comorbid illnesses. From January 2008 through December 2010, 11 patients (8 men, 3 women; mean age: 66.1 ± 9.1 years) were treated with off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting combined with staged percutaneous coronary intervention. Nine patients had left main coronary artery stenosis together with circumflex or right coronary artery stenosis, and 2 patients had proximal left anterior descending artery stenosis and right coronary artery stenosis.
After off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, procedure-related complications did not occur, and there was no in-hospital death. Coronary re-angiography after a median of 16 days revealed patent and functioning left internal mammarian artery grafts in all patients. Applying subsequent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and occasional stenting (n = 14), a total of 14 lesions were treated successfully. Procedure related complications did not occur. All patients remained angina-free, and no stress electrocardiographic changes were recorded.
Our preliminary results indicate that a "staged hybrid" approach to the treatment of left main coronary artery disease in high-risk patients is safe and effective. Hybrid coronary revascularization enables complete revascularization and may be an alternative method of treating left main coronary artery disease in selected high-risk patients.
Heart Surgery Forum 02/2012; 15(1):E51-5. · 0.63 Impact Factor
International Journal of Cardiology - INT J CARDIOL. 01/2011; 147.