ABSTRACT: We hypothesized that movement fluctuations in the index finger reflect the integrated result of the coordination of multiple muscles because index finger movements are determined by the cooperation of multiple muscles spanning the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint. To evaluate this hypothesis, the aim of the present study was to examine the fluctuations of the index finger in abduction-adduction and extension-flexion directions during a position-holding task using two laser displacement sensors. Eleven healthy men maintained their index finger position while supporting a load at 5% of the maximal voluntary contraction force. To maintain the position of the index finger, displacement of the index finger in the abduction-adduction and extension-flexion directions was measured from a distance with two laser displacement sensors that were positioned to the lateral side of and above the index finger. The index finger movements fluctuated around the target position in not only the abduction-adduction direction but also the extension-flexion direction. The path length of finger displacement and the standard deviation of finger acceleration were significantly greater in the extension-flexion direction than in the abduction-adduction direction. These results suggest that the index finger movements quantified by two laser displacement sensors reflect the coordination of multiple muscles spanning the MCP joint.
Journal of electromyography and kinesiology: official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology 02/2012; 22(4):546-52. · 2.00 Impact Factor