ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of orthodontic tooth movement on the promoter expression of collagen type 1 (3.6Col1), bone sialoprotein (BSP) and alpha-smooth muscle actin (αSMA) in the periodontal ligament (PDL) using transgenic mice containing transgenes of these promoters fused to green fluorescent proteins (GFP).
The maxillary first molars of 10-12 week-old transgenic mice were loaded with 10-12 g of force for 12, 48 h, or 7 days. Mice were transgenic for one of the following GFP-tagged bone markers of osteoblast lineage cells: 3.6-kb fragment of the rat collagen type 1 promoter (3.6Col1), BSP or α-smooth muscle actin (αSMA). Loaded molars under compression and tension were compared with contra-lateral unloaded controls.
On the compression side of the PDL, orthodontic tooth movement caused a significant decrease in GFP expression of all the promoters at each time point. On the tension side, there was a significant increase in BSP-GFP expression, 12 h following loading compared to the contralateral unloaded controls.
An in vivo tooth movement model using transgenic mice with promoter-GFP constructs provides an efficient and effective way of investigating the cellular events underlying orthodontic tooth movement. PDL cells may undergo decreased differentiation in response to the compressive force.
Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research 02/2012; 15(1):52-61. · 1.65 Impact Factor