Rui Huang

Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Sheng, China

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Publications (4)6.41 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Microorganisms contain a large number of biocatalysts, which are of great potential in industrial applications. However, the traditional cultural approaches can obtain only less than 1% of microorganisms. As a culture-independent method, metagenomics is an advanced solution by means of extracting all microbial genomic DNAs in certain environmental habitat, constructing and screening metagenomic libraries to seek novel functional genes. It serves as an effective tool for studying these uncultured microorganisms. Therefore, mining novel biocatalysts from metagenome has drawn the attention of researchers in the world. In this paper, environment sample category, genomic DNA extraction, library construction and screening strategies were reviewed. Recent examples of isolated biocatalysts from metagenomic libraries were presented. Future research directions of metagenomics were also discussed.
    Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology 04/2012; 28(4):420-31.
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    ABSTRACT: Prebiotic galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) were effectively synthesized from lactose in organic-aqueous biphasic media by a novel metagenome-derived β-galactosidase BgaP412. A maximum GOS yield of 46.6% (w/w) was achieved with 75.4% lactose conversion rate in the cyclohexane/buffer system [95:5 (v/v) cyclohexane/buffer] under the optimum reaction conditions (initial lactose concentration = 30% (w/v), T = 50 °C, pH 7.0, and t = 8 h). The corresponding productivity of GOS was approximately 17.5 g L(-1) h(-1). The GOS mixture consisted of tri-, tetra-, and pentasaccharides. Trisaccharides were the chief component of reaction products. These experimental results showed that a low water content, a high initial lactose concentration, and an elevated reaction temperature could significantly promote the transgalactosylation activity of β-galactosidase BgaP412; at the same time, the enhanced GOS yield in an organic-aqueous biphasic system is because of the fact that thermodynamic equilibrium can be shifted to the synthetic direction by reversing the normal hydrolysis.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 03/2012; 60(15):3940-6. · 3.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pyrethroid pesticides are broad-spectrum pest control agents in agricultural production. Both agricultural and residential usage is continuing to grow, leading to the development of insecticide resistance in the pest and toxic effects on a number of nontarget organisms. Thus, it is necessary to hunt suitable enzymes including hydrolases for degrading pesticide residues, which is an efficient "green" solution to biodegrade polluting chemicals. Although many pyrethroid esterases have consistently been purified and characterized from various resources including metagenomes and organisms, the thermostable pyrethroid esterases have not been reported up to the present. In this study, we identified a novel pyrethroid-hydrolyzing enzyme Sys410 belonging to familyV esterases/lipases with activity-based functional screening from Turban Basin metagenomic library. Sys410 contained 280 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass (Mr) of 30.8 kDa and was overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) in soluble form. The optimum pH and temperature of the recombinant Sys410 were 6.5 and 55°C, respectively. The enzyme was stable in the pH range of 4.5-8.5 and at temperatures below 50°C. The activity of Sys410 decreased a little when stored at 4°C for 10 weeks, and the residual activity reached 94.1%. Even after incubation at 25°C for 10 weeks, it kept 68.3% of its activity. The recombinant Sys410 could hydrolyze a wide range of ρ-nitrophenyl esters, but its best substrate is ρ-nitrophenyl acetate with the highest activity (772.9 U/mg). The enzyme efficiently degraded cyhalothrin, cypermethrin, sumicidin, and deltamethrin under assay conditions of 37°C for 15 min, with exceeding 95% hydrolysis rate. This is the first report to construct metagenomic libraries from Turban Basin to obtain the thermostable pyrethroid-hydrolyzing enzyme. The recombinant Sys410 with broad substrate specificities and high activity was the most thermostable one of the pyrethroid-hydrolyzing esterases studied before, which made it an ideal candidate for the detoxification of pyrethroids.
    Microbial Cell Factories 03/2012; 11:33. · 3.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel organic solvent-stable and thermotolerant lipase gene (designated ostl28) was cloned from a metagenomic library and overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) in soluble form. OSTL28 contained 262 amino acids with relative molecular mass 30.1kDa and isoelectric point 9.7. The optimum pH and temperature of the OSTL28 were 7.5 and 60°C, respectively. OSTL28 was stable in the pH range of 4.5–9.5 and at temperatures below 65°C. The enzyme could hydrolyze a wide range of ρ-nitrophenyl esters, but its best substrate is ρ-nitrophenyl laurate with the highest activity of 236U/mg (54,000U/L). The recombinant OSTL28 was highly resisted to organic solvents, especially glycerol and methanol. The metal ions, with the exception of Hg2+ and Ag+, did not have any influence on enzyme activity, whereas non-ionic surfactants and Al3+ slightly activated the enzyme. These features indicate that it is a potential biocatalyst for biodiesel production.
    Journal of Molecular Catalysis B-enzymatic - J MOL CATAL B-ENZYM. 01/2011; 72(3):319-326.