Shigeo Koyasu

Keio University, Edo, Tokyo, Japan

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Publications (227)1717.87 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2 cells) are type 2 cytokine-producing cells of the innate immune system with important roles in helminth infection and allergic inflammation. Here we found that tissue-resident ILC2 cells proliferated in situ without migrating during inflammatory responses. Both type I and type II interferons and interleukin 27 (IL-27) suppressed ILC2 function in a manner dependent on the transcription factor STAT1. ILC2-mediated lung inflammation was enhanced in the absence of the interferon-γ (IFN-γ) receptor on ILC2 cells in vivo. IFN-γ effectively suppressed the function of tissue-resident ILC2 cells but not that of inflammatory ILC2 cells, and IL-27 suppressed tissue-resident ILC2 cells but not tissue-resident TH2 cells during lung inflammation induced by Alternaria alternata. Our results demonstrate that suppression mediated by interferon and IL-27 is a negative feedback mechanism for ILC2 function in vivo.
    Nature Immunology 11/2015; DOI:10.1038/ni.3309 · 20.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: House dust mite-derived proteases contribute to allergic disorders in part by disrupting epithelial barrier function. Interleukin-33 (IL-33), produced by lung cells after exposure to protease allergens, can induce innate-type airway eosinophilia by activating natural helper (NH) cells, a member of group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2), to secrete Th2 type-cytokines. Because IL-33 also can induce mast cells (MCs) to secrete Th2 type-cytokines, MCs are thought to cooperate with NH cells in enhancing protease or IL-33-mediated innate-type airway eosinophilia. However, we found that MC-deficient Kit(W-sh/W-sh) mice exhibited exacerbated protease-induced lung inflammation associated with reduced numbers of regulatory T (Treg) cells. Moreover, IL-2 produced by IL-33-stimulated MCs promoted expansion of numbers of Treg cells, thereby suppressing development of papain- or IL-33-induced airway eosinophilia. We have thus identified a unique anti-inflammatory pathway that can limit induction of innate-type allergic airway inflammation mediated by NH cells. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Immunity 07/2015; 43(1):175-86. DOI:10.1016/j.immuni.2015.06.021 · 21.56 Impact Factor
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    Hiroki Kabata · Kazuyo Moro · Shigeo Koyasu · Koichiro Asano ·
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    ABSTRACT: Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) are recently identified cell populations that produce type 2 cytokines such as IL-5 and IL-13 in response to epithelial cell-derived cytokines. Although ILC2s were initially reported to play a key role in the anti-helminth innate immunity, we now have greater interest in their role in asthma and other allergic diseases. In various asthma mouse models, ILC2s provoke eosinophilic inflammation accompanied by airway hyperresponsiveness independent of acquired immunity. Moreover, recent mouse studies show that ILC2s also promote acquired immunity and Th2 polarization, and various cytokines and lipid mediators influence the functions of ILC2s. Although ILC2s have also been identified in humans, studies on the role of human ILC2s in asthma are very limited. Thus far, human studies have shown that there is a slight difference in responsiveness and production of cytokines between mouse and human ILC2s, and it has been suggested that ILC2s are involved in allergic-type asthma and the exacerbation of asthma. In this review, we focus on mouse and human ILC2s, and discuss their role in asthma. Copyright © 2015 Japanese Society of Allergology. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Allergology International 05/2015; 344(3). DOI:10.1016/j.alit.2015.03.004 · 2.46 Impact Factor
  • Kazuyo Moro · Kafi N Ealey · Hiroki Kabata · Shigeo Koyasu ·
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have identified distinct subsets of innate lymphocytes, collectively called innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), which lack antigen receptor expression but produce various effector cytokines. Group 2 ILCs (ILC2s) respond to epithelial cell-derived cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-25, IL-33 and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), produce large amounts of type 2 cytokines, and have a key role in anti-helminth innate immunity and in the pathophysiology of allergic inflammation. The reported phenotypic characteristics of mouse ILC2s vary, depending on the tissue source and preparation method. This protocol describes improved methods for tissue-specific isolation and analysis of mouse ILC2s of high purity and yield from fat tissue, lung, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and small intestine. These improved methods are the result of our thorough investigation of enzymes used for tissue digestion, methods for the elimination of undesired cells, and a combination of antibodies for the detection and isolation of ILC2s. In addition, this new protocol now enables the isolation of ILC2s of high yield, even from inflamed tissues. Depending on the tissue being analyzed, it takes ∼2-4 h for isolation and flow cytometric analysis of ILC2s from the various tissues of a single mouse and ∼4-8 h to sort purified ILC2s from pooled tissues of multiple mice.
    Nature Protocol 05/2015; 10(5):792-806. DOI:10.1038/nprot.2015.047 · 9.67 Impact Factor
  • Hiroki Kabata · Kazuyo Moro · Shigeo Koyasu · Koichiro Asano ·

    Arerugī = [Allergy] 02/2015; 64(1):46-56.
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    ABSTRACT: Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells in visceral adipose tissue (VAT-Treg cells) are functionally specialized tissue-resident cells that prevent obesity-associated inflammation and preserve insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance. Their development depends on the transcription factor PPAR-γ; however, the environmental cues required for their differentiation are unknown. Here we show that interleukin 33 (IL-33) signaling through the IL-33 receptor ST2 and myeloid differentiation factor MyD88 is essential for development and maintenance of VAT-Treg cells and sustains their transcriptional signature. Furthermore, the transcriptional regulators BATF and IRF4 were necessary for VAT-Treg differentiation through direct regulation of ST2 and PPAR-γ expression. IL-33 administration induced vigorous population expansion of VAT-Treg cells, which tightly correlated with improvements in metabolic parameters in obese mice. Human omental adipose tissue Treg cells also showed high ST2 expression, suggesting an evolutionarily conserved requirement for IL-33 in VAT-Treg cell homeostasis.
    Nature Immunology 01/2015; 16(3). DOI:10.1038/ni.3085 · 20.00 Impact Factor
  • Shigeo Koyasu ·

    Nature Immunology 01/2015; 16(2):133-134. DOI:10.1038/ni.3080 · 20.00 Impact Factor
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    Kazuyo Moro · Shigeo Koyasu ·
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have identified novel lymphocyte subsets named innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) lacking antigen-specific receptors. ILCs are present in a wide variety of epithelial compartments and occupy an intermediate position between acquired immune cells and myeloid cells. ILCs are now classified into three groups: group 1 ILC, group 2 ILC, and group 3 ILC based on their cytokine production patterns that correspond to the helper T cell subsets Th1, Th2, and Th17, respectively. ILCs play important roles in protection against various invading microbes including multicellular parasites, and in the maintenance of homeostasis and repair of epithelial layers. Excessive activation of ILCs, however, leads to various inflammatory disease conditions. ILCs have thus attracted interests of many researchers in the fields of infectious immunity, inflammatory diseases, and allergic diseases. Because epithelial cells sense alterations in environmental cues, it is important to understand the functional interaction between epithelial cells, ILCs, and environmental factors such as commensal microbiota. We discuss in this review developmental pathways of ILCs, their functions, and contribution of commensal microbiota to the differentiation and function of ILCs.
    Seminars in Immunopathology 12/2014; 37(1). DOI:10.1007/s00281-014-0470-4 · 7.75 Impact Factor
  • Andreas Diefenbach · Marco Colonna · Shigeo Koyasu ·
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    ABSTRACT: Recent years have witnessed the discovery of an unprecedented complexity in innate lymphocyte lineages, now collectively referred to as innate lymphoid cells (ILCs). ILCs are preferentially located at barrier surfaces and are important for protection against pathogens and for the maintenance of organ homeostasis. Inappropriate activation of ILCs has been linked to the pathogenesis of inflammatory and autoimmune disorders. Recent evidence suggests that ILCs can be grouped into two separate lineages, cytotoxic ILCs represented by conventional natural killer (cNK) cells and cytokine-producing helper-like ILCs (i.e., ILC1s, ILC2s, ILC3s). We will focus here on current work in humans and mice that has identified core transcriptional circuitry required for the commitment of lymphoid progenitors to the ILC lineage. The striking similarities in transcriptional control of ILC and T cell lineages reveal important insights into the evolution of transcriptional programs required to protect multicellular organisms against infections and to fortify barrier surfaces.
    Immunity 09/2014; 41(3):354-365. DOI:10.1016/j.immuni.2014.09.005 · 21.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Musculoskeletal infections, including surgical-site and implant-associated infections, often cause progressive inflammation and destroy areas of the soft tissue. Treating infections, especially those caused by multi-antibiotic resistant bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) remains a challenge. Although there are a few animal models that enable the quantitative evaluation of infection in soft tissues, these models are not always reproducible or sustainable. Here, we successfully established a real-time, in vivo, quantitative mouse model of soft-tissue infection in the superficial gluteus muscle (SGM) using bioluminescence imaging. A bioluminescent strain of MRSA was inoculated into the SGM of BALB/c adult male mice, followed by sequential measurement of bacterial photon intensity and serological and histological analyses of the mice. The mean photon intensity in the mice peaked immediately after inoculation and remained stable until day 28. The serum levels of interleukin-6, interleukin-1 and C-reactive protein at 12 hours after inoculation were significantly higher than those prior to inoculation, and the C-reactive protein remained significantly elevated until day 21. Histological analyses showed marked neutrophil infiltration and abscesses containing necrotic and fibrous tissues in the SGM. With this SGM mouse model, we successfully visualized and quantified stable bacterial growth over an extended period of time with bioluminescence imaging, which allowed us to monitor the process of infection without euthanizing the experimental animals. This model is applicable to in vivo evaluations of the long-term efficacy of novel antibiotics or antibacterial implants.
    PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e106367. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0106367 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Allergic asthma is an inflammatory disease characterized by lung eosinophilia controlled by type 2 cytokines. Cysteine proteases are potent triggers of allergic inflammation by causing barrier disruption in lung epithelial cells inducing the elevation of interleukin-5 (IL-5) and IL-13 from natural helper (NH) cells, a member of ILC2s, which leads to lung eosinophilia. In this study, we found that basophils play a crucial role in NH cell-mediated eosinophilic inflammation induced by protease allergens. Conditional deletion of basophils caused a resolution of the papain-induced eosinophilia and mucus production. Resolution of eosinophilia was also observed in mice lacking IL-4 specifically in basophils, indicating that basophil-derived IL-4 enhanced expression of the chemokine CCL11, as well as IL-5, IL-9, and IL-13 in NH cells, thus attracting eosinophils. These results demonstrate that IL-4 from basophils has an important role in the NH-derived cytokine and chemokine expression, subsequently leading to protease allergen-induced airway inflammation.
    Immunity 05/2014; 40(5):758-71. DOI:10.1016/j.immuni.2014.04.013 · 21.56 Impact Factor

  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 04/2014; 111(14):5289-5294. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1312717110 · 9.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While the 2002–2003 outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) resulted in 774 deaths, patients who were affected with mild pulmonary symptoms successfully recovered. The objective of the present work was to identify, using SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) mouse infection models, immune factors responsible for clearing of the virus. The elimination of pulmonary SARS-CoV infection required the activation of B cells by CD4+ T cells. Furthermore, passive immunization (post-infection) with homologous (murine) anti-SARS-CoV antiserum showed greater elimination efficacy against SARS-CoV than that with heterologous (rabbit) antiserum, despite the use of equivalent titers of neutralizing antibodies. This distinction was mediated by mouse phagocytic cells (monocyte-derived infiltrating macrophages and partially alveolar macrophages, but not neutrophils), as demonstrated both by adoptive transfer from donors and by immunological depletion of selected cell types. These results indicate that the cooperation of anti-SARS-CoV antibodies and phagocytic cells plays an important role in the elimination of SARS-CoV.
    Virology 04/2014; s 454–455(1):157–168. DOI:10.1016/j.virol.2014.02.005 · 3.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Enhancers control the correct temporal and cell-type-specific activation of gene expression in multicellular eukaryotes. Knowing their properties, regulatory activity and targets is crucial to understand the regulation of differentiation and homeostasis. Here we use the FANTOM5 panel of samples, covering the majority of human tissues and cell types, to produce an atlas of active, in vivo-transcribed enhancers. We show that enhancers share properties with CpG-poor messenger RNA promoters but produce bidirectional, exosome-sensitive, relatively short unspliced RNAs, the generation of which is strongly related to enhancer activity. The atlas is used to compare regulatory programs between different cells at unprecedented depth, to identify disease-associated regulatory single nucleotide polymorphisms, and to classify cell-type-specific and ubiquitous enhancers. We further explore the utility of enhancer redundancy, which explains gene expression strength rather than expression patterns. The online FANTOM5 enhancer atlas represents a unique resource for studies on cell-type-specific enhancers and gene regulation.
    Nature 03/2014; 507(7493):455-61. · 41.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Regulated transcription controls the diversity, developmental pathways and spatial organization of the hundreds of cell types that make up a mammal. Using single-molecule cDNA sequencing, we mapped transcription start sites (TSSs) and their usage in human and mouse primary cells, cell lines and tissues to produce a comprehensive overview of mammalian gene expression across the human body. We find that few genes are truly 'housekeeping', whereas many mammalian promoters are composite entities composed of several closely separated TSSs, with independent cell-type-specific expression profiles. TSSs specific to different cell types evolve at different rates, whereas promoters of broadly expressed genes are the most conserved. Promoter-based expression analysis reveals key transcription factors defining cell states and links them to binding-site motifs. The functions of identified novel transcripts can be predicted by coexpression and sample ontology enrichment analyses. The functional annotation of the mammalian genome 5 (FANTOM5) project provides comprehensive expression profiles and functional annotation of mammalian cell-type-specific transcriptomes with wide applications in biomedical research.
    Nature 03/2014; 507(7493):462-70. DOI:10.1038/nature13182. · 41.46 Impact Factor

  • Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 02/2014; 133(2):AB291. DOI:10.1016/j.jaci.2013.12.1028 · 11.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Unlabelled: Ectodomain shedding (shedding) is a posttranslational modification mechanism, which liberates extracellular domains of membrane proteins through juxtamembrane processing. Because shedding alters cell characteristics in a rapid and irreversible manner, it must be strictly regulated. However, the regulatory mechanisms of shedding in response to environmental changes remain obscure. To evaluate the regulatory mechanisms of endogenous shedding, we previously developed a proteomic screening system to identify shedding targets. This system revealed a comprehensive picture of membrane proteins shed under defined conditions. In this study, we have improved the screening system to compare the shedding patterns in a mouse macrophage cell line treated with two different shedding inducers, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA). We show here that LPS simultaneously activates the shedding of multiple membrane proteins. We further show that TPA specifically activates the shedding of αM/β2 integrin (Mac-1), which was not shed upon LPS-stimulation of macrophages. These results clearly demonstrate that the regulation of endogenous membrane protein shedding is both stimulus- and substrate-specific. Biological significance: The shedding targets reported to date play pivotal roles in a variety of biological phenomena, including the immunological response, cell growth, cell adhesion and cell movement. In addition, several disease-related membrane proteins are shedding targets. Thus, understanding the regulation of shedding is important for the elucidation of pathogenesis and the development of therapeutic strategies. We submit that a comprehensive characterization of endogenous shedding is indispensable for understanding the regulatory mechanisms of shedding, and thus have developed a proteomic screening system to identify shedding targets. In this study, using our screening system, we demonstrate that different extracellular stimuli activate different types of shedding, even in a single cell. Our results prove that this proteomic approach is quite effective for the elucidation of the regulatory mechanisms of shedding.
    Journal of proteomics 01/2014; 98. DOI:10.1016/j.jprot.2014.01.012 · 3.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Type-2 innate immune responses that occur in airways and are accompanied by goblet-cell hyperplasia and mucus production are largely driven by interleukin-33 (IL-33) and natural helper (NH) cells, a member of group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) and the major target of IL-33. Here we report that the corticosteroid resistance observed as a result of airway inflammation triggered by sensitization and exposure to allergen is induced via the IL-33/NH-cell axis. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) synthesized during airway inflammation plays a pivotal role in the induction of NH-cell corticosteroid resistance in vitro and in vivo, by controlling phosphorylation of STAT5 and expression of Bcl-xL in NH cells. Blockade of TSLP with a neutralizing antibody or blocking the TSLP/STAT5 signalling pathway with low molecular-weight STAT5 inhibitors such as pimozide restores corticosteroid sensitivity. Thus, the TSLP-STAT5 pathway could be a new therapeutic target in severe, corticosteroid-resistant asthma.
    Nature Communications 10/2013; 4:2675. DOI:10.1038/ncomms3675 · 11.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Natural helper (NH) cells, a member of Lin(-)IL-2R(+)IL-7R(+)IL-25R(+)IL-33R(+)GATA3(+) group 2 innate lymphoid cell subset, are characterized by the expression of transcription factors GATA3 and RORα and production of large amounts of Th2 cytokines such as IL-5, IL-6, and IL-13 upon IL-33 stimulation or a combination of IL-2 and IL-25. We have studied the signal transduction pathways critical for the cytokine expression and development of NH cell. Either stimulation with IL-33 or a combination of IL-2 and IL-25 induced p38 activation and phosphorylation of GATA3 in NH cells, and the phosphorylated form of GATA3 bound to the IL-5 and IL-13 promoters. All these events were blocked by SB203580, a p38 inhibitor. Inhibition of p38 also blocked IL-6 production. The mature NH cells lacking Gata3 were impaired in the proliferation and production of IL-5 and IL-13, but not IL-6, indicating that both p38 and GATA3 are critical for the proliferation and production of IL-5 and IL-13 and that the mechanisms downstream of p38 differ between IL-6 and IL-5/IL-13. In contrast, the NH cells lacking RORα showed no impairment in the proliferation and cytokine production, indicating that GATA3 but not RORα plays a pivotal role in the effector functions of mature NH cell. However, deletion of either GATA3 or RORα in hematopoietic stem cells severely blocked the development into NH cells. Our results demonstrate the important roles of p38 and GATA3 in NH cell functions.
    The Journal of Immunology 07/2013; 191(4). DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1300379 · 4.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is an important biological mediator involved in the defense against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. Previously, we reported that in macrophages (Mϕs), infection with avirulent Mtb H37Ra resulted in inhibition of necrosis by an inhibitory effect on mitochondrial permeability transition via the PGE2 receptor EP2. However, human Mϕs also express EP4, a PGE2 receptor functionally closely related to EP2 that also couples to stimulatory guanine nucleotide binding protein, but the functional differences between EP2 and EP4 in Mtb-infected Mϕs have been unclear. EP4 antagonist addition to H37Ra-infected Mϕs inhibited the expression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2) and microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1), which are involved in PGE2 production. Moreover, H37Ra infection induced PGE2 production through the Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. Induction of COX2 and mPGES-1 expression by TLR2 stimulation or Mtb infection was increased after additional stimulation with EP4 agonist. Hence, in Mtb-infected Mϕs, PGE2 production induced by pathogen recognition receptors/p38 MAPK signaling is up-regulated by EP4-triggered signaling to maintain an effective PGE2 concentration.-Nishimura, T., Zhao, X., Gan, H., Koyasu, S., and Remold, H. G. The prostaglandin E2 receptor EP4 is integral to a positive feedback loop for prostaglandin E2 production in human macrophages infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
    The FASEB Journal 06/2013; 27(9). DOI:10.1096/fj.13-228858 · 5.04 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

13k Citations
1,717.87 Total Impact Points


  • 1997-2015
    • Keio University
      • Department of Microbiology and Immunology
      Edo, Tokyo, Japan
  • 2010-2012
    • Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2011
    • Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1985-2005
    • Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2001
    • University of Toronto
      • Department of Medical Biophysics
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 1999-2001
    • Tokyo Medical and Dental University
      • Department of Immune Regulation
      Edo, Tokyo, Japan
  • 2000
    • University of Toledo
      Toledo, Ohio, United States
  • 1990-1998
    • Harvard Medical School
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Department of Pathology
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
    • Harvard University
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1992-1996
    • Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
      • Department of Medical Oncology
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1991
    • Universität Heidelberg
      Heidelburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 1978-1989
    • The University of Tokyo
      • Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry
      白山, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1988
    • Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
    • National Institute of Radiological Sciences
      Tiba, Chiba, Japan