Elizandra Braganhol

Universidade Federal de Pelotas, São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

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Publications (38)112.4 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this work was to develop polymeric nanocapsules intended for the pulmonary delivery of beclomethasone dipropionate using ethyl cellulose or poly(ε-caprolactone). The formulations showed adequate physicochemical characteristics, namely, average diameter lower than 260 nm, low polydispersity index (ε-caprolactone) nanocapsules were able to delay the drug photodegradation under UVC radiation. The In Vitro drug release showed a prolonged release without burst effect using the dialysis bag diffusion technique. Moreover, ethyl cellulose and poly(ε-caprolactone) nanocapsules presented low In Vitro cytotoxicity on 3T3 fibroblasts cells. In Vivo, the formulations showed no acute pulmonary injury in rats. Therefore, the developed nanocapsules could be considered suitable carriers to be used for beclomethasone dipropionate pulmonary delivery.
    Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 01/2015; 15(1). · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Subjects with Down Syndrome (DS) have an increased susceptibility to infections and autoimmune disorders. ATP, adenosine, and acetylcholine contribute to the immune response regulation, and NTPDase, adenosine deaminase (ADA) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) are important enzymes in the control of the extracellular levels of these molecules. We evaluated the activities of these enzymes and the cytokine levels in samples of DS individuals. The population consisted of 23 subjects with DS and 23 healthy subjects. Twelve milliliters of blood was obtained from each subject and used for lymphocyte and serum preparation. Lymphocytes were separated on ficoll density gradients. After isolation, NTPDase and AChE activities were determined. The NTPDase activity using ADP as substrate was increased in lymphocytes of DS patients compared to control (P<0.05); however, no alterations were observed in the ATP hydrolysis. An increase was observed in the AChE activity in lymphocytes and in ADA activity in serum of DS patients when compared to healthy subjects (P<0.05). In DS subjects, an increase in the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and IFN-γ and a decrease in the IL-10 levels were also observed (P<0.05). Alterations in the NTPDase, ADA and AChE activities as well changes in the cytokine levels may contribute to immunological alterations observed in DS.
    Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 03/2014; · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer is one of the common tumors occurring in woman and despite treatment, the prognostic is poor. Genistein, a soy isoflavone, has been reported to have chemopreventive\chemotherapeutic potential in multiple tumor types. Here, we investigated the genistein antiproliferative effect in MCF-7 breast cancer, underlying the molecular mechanisms involved in this effect. MCF-7 cancer and CCD1059sK fibroblast cells were treated with estradiol (10 nM) or genistein (0.01-100 μM) for 24, 48, and 72 h and the cell proliferation was investigated by MTT; membrane cell permeability was evaluated by LDH and PI incorporation; apoptosis was investigated by externalization of phosphatidylserine by FACS; and presence of autophagy was detected by LC3A/B immunostaining. The expression of apoptotic proteins and antioxidant enzymes was evaluated by qPCR. The results demonstrate that genistein (100 μM) for 72 h of treatment selectively reduced MCF-7 cell proliferation independent of estrogen receptor activation, while no cytotoxicity was observed in fibroblast cells. Further experiments showed that genistein induced phosphatidylserine externalization and LC3A/B immunopositivity in MCF-7 cells, indicating apoptosis and autophagy cell death. Genistein increased in three times proapoptotic BAX/Bcl-2 ratio and promoted a parallel downregulation of 20 times of antiapoptotic survivin. In addition, genistein promoted a decrease of 5.5, 9.3, and 3.6 times of MnSOD, CuZnSOD, and TrxR mRNA expression, respectively, while the GPx expression was increased by 6.5 times. These results suggest that the antitumor effect of genistein involved the modulation of antioxidant enzyme and apoptotic signaling expression, which resulted in apoptosis and progression of autophagy.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 02/2014; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: According to the World Health Organization, bladder cancer is the seventh most common cancer among men in the world. The current treatments for this malignancy are not efficient to prevent the recurrence and progression of tumors. Then, researches continue looking for better therapeutic targets which can end up in new and more efficient treatments. One of the recent findings was the identification that the purinergic system was involved in bladder tumorigenesis. The ectonucleotidases, mainly ecto-5'-nucleotidase/CD73 have been revealed as new players in cancer progression and malignity. In this work, we investigated the NTPDase3 and ecto-5'-nucleotidase/CD73 expression in cancer progression in vivo. Bladder tumor was induced in mice by the addition of 0.05 % of N-butyl-N-(hydroxybutyl)-nitrosamine (BBN) in the drinking water for 4, 8, 12, 18, and 24 weeks. After this period, mice bladders were removed for histopathology analysis and immunofluorescence assays. The bladder of animals which has received BBN had alterations, mainly inflammation, in initial times of tumor induction. After 18 weeks, mice's bladder has developed histological alterations similar to human transitional cell carcinoma. The cancerous urothelium, from mice that received BBN for 18 and 24 weeks, presented a weak immunostaining to NTPDase3, in contrast to an increased expression of ecto-5'-nucleotidase/CD73. The altered expression of NTPDase3 and ecto-5'-nucleotidase/CD73 presented herein adds further evidence to support the idea that alterations in ectonucleotidases are involved in bladder tumorigenesis and reinforce the ecto-5'-nucleotidase/CD73 as a future biomarker and/or a target for pharmacological therapy of bladder cancer.
    Purinergic Signalling 01/2014; · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The anti-tumor effects of a newly-discovered lectin, isolated from okra, Abelmoschus esculentus (AEL), were investigated in human breast cancer (MCF7) and skin fibroblast (CCD-1059 sk) cells. AEL induced significant cell growth inhibition (63 %) in MCF7 cells. The expression of pro-apoptotic caspase-3, caspase-9, and p21 genes was increased in MCF7 cells treated with AEL, compared to those treated with controls. In addition, AEL treatment increased the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in MCF7 cells. Flow cytometry also indicated that cell death (72 %) predominantly occurred through apoptosis. Thus, AEL in its native form promotes selective antitumor effects in human breast cancer cells and may represent a potential therapeutic to combat human breast cancer.
    Biotechnology Letters 10/2013; · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aim: Despite recent progress in glioblastoma treatment, prognosis is still poor. Monastrol is a kinesin spindle protein (KSP) inhibitor and anticancer effects for this molecule have been reported. Here we describe the effect of LaSOM 65, a monastrol derivated compound, against glioma cell lines. Cell counting, viability assay, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity, cell-cycle analysis, immunofluorescence and organotypic hippocampal slice cultures were performed. LaSOM 65 reduced cell number and cell viability of gliomas cells, but did not cause arrest in the cell cycle at the G2/M phase. Measurement of LDH activity showed that LaSOM 65 induces necrosis after 48 h of treatment. LaSOM 65 appears to a be promising new molecule to treat glioblastoma since it promotes a decrease of cell growth and cell viability of glioma cells in vitro and does not induces the neurotoxic characteristics of the anti-mitotic drugs currently used.
    Anticancer research 10/2013; 33(10):4463-4468. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the worst and most common brain tumor, characterized by high proliferation and invasion rates. Nanoparticles of biodegradable polymers for anticancer drug delivery have attracted interest in recent years since they provide targeted delivery and may overcame the obstacle imposed by blood-brain barrier. Here we investigated the antitumoral effect of ketoprofen-loaded nanocapsules (Keto-NC) treatment on in vitro and in vivo glioma progression. We observed that Keto-NC treatment decreased selectively the cell viability of a panel of glioma cell lines, while did not exhibited toxicity to astrocytes. We further demonstrate that the treatment with sub-therapeutic dose of Keto-NC reduced the in vivo glioma growth as well as reduced the malignity characteristics of implanted tumors. Keto-NC treatment improved the weight, the locomotion/exploration behavior of glioma-bearing rats. Importantly, Keto-NC treatment neither induced mortality or peripheral damage. Finally, Ketoprofen also altered the extracellular nucleotide metabolism of peripheral lymphocytes, suggesting that antiinflammatory effects of ketoprofen could also be associated with the modulation of the adenine nucleotide metabolism in lymphocytes. Data indicate at first time the potential of Keto-NC as a promising therapeutic alterative to GBM treatment.
    Investigational New Drugs 09/2013; · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increased levels of plasma homocysteine (hyperhomocysteinemia-HHcy) are associated to the development of coronary artery disease (CAD), peripheral vascular disease and thrombosis. In addition, recent studies have shown that inflammation, probably mediated by macrophages, mediates the pathogenesis associated to high levels of homocysteine (Hcy). In the present study, we evaluated the Hcy effects in the ATP hydrolysis and its breakdown products in murine macrophages. The results showed that micromolar concentrations of Hcy increased the ATP, ADP and AMP hydrolysis. Additionally, our results show decreased inosine levels in the extracellular milieu of Hcy-exposed macrophages. The increasing in ATP, ADP and AMP hydrolysis are not explained by increased transcription or protein expression of NTPDases and ecto-5'-nucleotidase (ecto-5'-NT/CD73) enzymes. Moreover, the formation of reactive oxygen species did not interfere in the Hcy effects, which suggest that Hcy or Hcy metabolites act directly on the modulation of NTPDases and ecto-5'-NT/CD73 activities. In conclusion, Hcy induces the rapid breakdown of ATP, ADP and AMP to adenosine (ADO), which is classically known as an anti-inflammatory response in immune cells. However, by the action of these enzymes, the extracellular adenosine generated during Hcy treatment probably is uptaken into the cells, as evidenced by the decreased in inosine formation, and thus collaborating to the inflammatory complications associates to HHcy.
    Toxicology in Vitro 09/2013; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Among the pathological alterations that give tumor cells invasive potential, purinergic signaling is emerging as an important component. Studies performed in in vitro, in vivo and ex vivo glioma models indicate that alterations in the purinergic signaling are involved in the progression of these tumors. Gliomas have low expression of all E-NTPDases, when compared to astrocytes in culture. Nucleotides induce glioma proliferation and ATP, although potentially neurotoxic, does not evoke cytotoxic action on the majority of glioma cells in culture. The importance of extracellular ATP for glioma pathobiology was confirmed by the reduction in glioma tumor size by apyrase, which degrades extracellular ATP to AMP, and the striking increase in tumor size by over-expression of an ecto-enzyme that degrades ATP to ADP, suggesting the effect of extracellular ATP on the tumor growth depends on the nucleotide produced by its degradation. The participation of purinergic receptors on glioma progression, particularly P2X(7), is involved in the resistance to ATP-induced cell death. Although more studies are necessary, the purinergic signaling, including ectonucleotidases and receptors, may be considered as future target for glioma pharmacological or gene therapy.
    Advances in experimental medicine and biology 01/2013; 986:81-102. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic and debilitating illness characterized by recurrent manic and depressive episodes. Our research investigates the protective effects of curcumin, the main curcuminoid of the Indian spice turmeric, in a model of mania induced by ketamine administration in rats. Our results indicated that ketamine treatment (25 mg/kg, for 8 days) induced hyperlocomotion in the open-field test and oxidative damage in prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus (HP), evaluated by increased lipid peroxidation and decreased total thiol content. Moreover, ketamine treatment reduced the activity of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase in the HP. Pretreatment of rats with curcumin (20 and 50 mg/kg, for 14 days) or with lithium chloride (45 mg/kg, positive control) prevented behavioral and pro-oxidant effects induced by ketamine. These findings suggest that curcumin might be a good compound for preventive intervention in BD, reducing the episode relapse and the oxidative damage associated with the manic phase of this disorder.
    European journal of pharmacology 01/2013; · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we developed curcumin-loaded lipid-core nanocapsules (C-LNCs) in an attempt to improve the antiglioma activity of this polyphenol. C-LNC showed nanotechnological properties such as nanometric mean size (196nm), 100% encapsulation efficiency, polydispersity index below 0.1, and negative zeta potential. The in vitro release assays demonstrated a controlled release of curcumin from lipid-core nanocapsules. In C6 and U251MG gliomas, C-LNC promoted a biphasic delivery of curcumin: the first peak occurred early in the treatment (1-3h), whereas the onset of the second phase occurred after 48h. In C6 cells, the cytotoxicity of C-LNC was comparable to non-encapsulated curcumin only after 96h, whereas C-LNCs were more cytotoxic than non-encapsulated curcumin after 24h of incubation in U251MG. Induction of G2/M arrest and autophagy were observed in C-LNC as well as in free-curcumin treatments. In rats bearing C6 gliomas, C-LNC (1.5mg/kg/day, i.p.) decreased the tumor size and malignance and prolonged animal survival when compared to same dose of non-encapsulated drug. In addition, serum markers of tissue toxicity and histological parameters were not altered. Considered overall, the data suggest that the nanoencapsulation of curcumin in LNC is an important strategy to improve its pharmacological efficacy in the treatment of gliomas.
    European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics: official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V 11/2012; · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Proteasome inhibitors are emerging as a new class of anticancer agents. In this work, we examined the mechanisms underlying cytotoxicity, selectivity and adjuvant potential of the proteasome inhibitor MG132 in a panel of glioblastoma (GBM) cells (U138MG, C6, U87 and U373) and in normal astrocytes. MG132 markedly inhibited GBM cells growth irrespective of the p53 or PTEN mutational status of the cells whereas astrocytic viability was not affected, suggesting a selective toxicity of MG132 to cancerous glial cells. Mechanistically, MG132 arrested cells in G2/M phase of the cell cycle and increased p21(WAF1) protein immunocontent. Following cell arrest, cells become apoptotic as shown by annexin-V binding, caspase-3 activation, chromatin condensation and formation of sub-G1 apoptotic cells. MG132 promoted mitochondrial depolarization and decreased the mitochondrial antiapoptotic protein bcl-xL; it also induced activation of JNK and p38, and inhibition of NFkappaB and PI3K/Akt survival pathways. Pre-treatment of GBMs with the mitochondrial permeability transition pore inhibitor, bongkrekic acid, or pharmacological inhibitors of JNK1/2 and p38, SP600125 and SB203580, attenuated MG132-induced cell death. Besides its apoptotic effect alone, MG132 also enhanced the antiglioma effect of the chemotherapeutics cisplatin, taxol and doxorubicin in C6 and U138MG cells, indicating an adjuvant/chemosensitizer potential. In summary, MG132 exerted profound and selective toxicity in GBMs, being a potential agent for further testing in animal models of the disease.
    Investigational New Drugs 02/2012; · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes mellitus is a disease associated with several changes in the central nervous system, including oxidative stress and abnormal glutamatergic neurotransmission, and the astrocytes play an essential role in these alterations. In vitro studies of astroglial function have been performed using cultures of primary astrocytes or C6 glioma cells. Herein, we investigated glutamate uptake, glutamine synthetase and S100B secretion in C6 glioma cells cultured in a high-glucose environment, as well as some parameters of oxidative stress and damage. C6 glioma cells, cultured in 12 mM glucose medium, exhibited signals of oxidative and nitrosative stress similar to those found in diabetes mellitus and other models of diabetic disease (decrease in glutathione, elevated NO, DNA damage). Interestingly, we found an increase in glutamate uptake and S100B secretion, and a decrease in glutamine synthetase, which might be linked to the altered glutamatergic communication in diabetes mellitus. Moreover, glutamate uptake in C6 glioma cells, like primary astrocytes, was stimulated by extracellular S100B. Aminoguanidine partially prevented the glial alterations induced by the 12 mM glucose medium. Together, these data emphasize the relevance of astroglia in diabetes mellitus, as well as the importance of glial parameters in the evaluation of diabetic disease progression and treatment.
    Neurochemical Research 02/2012; 37(7):1399-408. · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant brain tumor in children and occurs mainly in the cerebellum. Important intracellular signaling molecules, such those present in the Sonic Hedgehog and Wnt pathways, are involved in its development and can also be employed to determine tumor grade and prognosis. Ectonucleotidases, particularly ecto-5'NT/CD73, are important enzymes in the malignant process of different tumor types regulating extracellular ATP and adenosine levels. Here, we investigated the activity of ectonucleotidases in three malignant human cell lines: Daoy and ONS76, being representative of primary MB, and the D283 cell line, derived from a metastatic MB. All cell lines secreted ATP into the extracellular medium while hydrolyze poorly this nucleotide, which is in agreement with the low expression and activity of pyrophosphate/phosphodiesterase, NTPDases and alkaline phosphatase. The analysis of AMP hydrolysis showed that Daoy and ONS76 completely hydrolyzed AMP, with parallel adenosine production (Daoy) and inosine accumulation (ONS76). On the other hand, D283 cell line did not hydrolyze AMP. Moreover, primary MB tumor cells, Daoy and ONS76 express the ecto-5'NT/CD73 while D283 representative of a metastatic tumor, revealed poor expression of this enzyme, while the ecto-adenosine deaminase showed higher expression in D283 compared to Daoy and ONS76 cells. Nuclear beta-catenin has been suggested as a marker for MB prognosis. Further it can promotes expression of ecto-5'NT/CD73 and suppression of adenosine deaminase. It was observed that Daoy and ONS76 showed greater nuclear beta-catenin immunoreactivity than D283, which presented mainly cytoplasmic immunoreactivity. In summary, the absence of ecto-5'NT/CD73 in the D283 cell line, a metastatic MB phenotype, suggests that high expression levels of this ectonucleotidase could be correlated with a poor prognosis in patients with MB.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(10):e47468. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increasing evidence points out that genetic alteration does not guarantee the development of a tumor and indicates that complex interactions of tumor cells with the microenvironment are fundamental to tumorigenesis. Among the pathological alterations that give tumor cells invasive potential, disruption of inflammatory response and the purinergic signaling are emerging as an important component of cancer progression. Nucleotide/nucleoside receptor-mediated cell communication is orchestrated by ectonucleotidases, which efficiently hydrolyze ATP, ADP, and AMP to adenosine. ATP can act as danger signaling whereas adenosine, acts as a negative feedback mechanism to limit inflammation. Many tumors exhibit alterations in ATP-metabolizing enzymes, which may contribute to the pathological events observed in solid cancer. In this paper, the main changes occurring in the expression and activity of ectonucleotidases in tumor cells as well as in tumor-associated immune cells are discussed. Furthermore, we focus on the understanding of the purinergic signaling primarily as exemplified by research done by the group on gliomas.
    BioMed Research International 01/2012; 2012:959848. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Macrophages are key elements in the inflammatory process, whereas depending on the micro-environmental stimulation they exhibit a pro-inflammatory (classical/M1) or an anti-inflammatory/reparatory (alternative/M2) phenotype. Extracellular ATP can act as a danger signal whereas adenosine generally serves as a negative feedback mechanism to limit inflammation. The local increase in nucleotides communication is controlled by ectonucleotidases, such as members of the ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (E-NTPDase) family and ecto-5'-nucleotidase/CD73 (ecto-5'-NT). In the present work we evaluated the presence of these enzymes in resident mice M1 (macrophages stimulated with LPS), and M2 (macrophages stimulated with IL-4) macrophages. Macrophages were collected by a lavage of the mice (6-8 weeks) peritoneal cavity and treated for 24 h with IL-4 (10 ng/mL) or LPS (10 ng/mL). Nitrite concentrations were measured using the Greiss reaction. Supernatants were harvested to determine cytokines and the ATPase, ADPase and AMPase activities were determined by the malachite green method and HPLC analysis. The expression of selected surface proteins was evaluated by flow cytometry. The results reveal that M1 macrophages presented a decreased ATP and AMP hydrolysis in agreement with a decrease in NTPDase1, -3 and ecto-5'-nucleotidase expression compared to M2. In contrast, M2 macrophages showed a higher ATP and AMP hydrolysis and increased NTPDase1, -3 and ecto-5'-nucleotidase expression compared to M1 macrophages. Therefore, macrophages of the M1 phenotype lead to an accumulation of ATP while macrophages of the M2 phenotype may rapidly convert ATP to adenosine. The results also showed that P1 and P2 purinoreceptors present the same mRNA profile in both phenotypes. In addition, M2 macrophages, which have a higher ATPase activity, were less sensitive to cell death. In conclusion, these changes in ectoenzyme activities might allow macrophages to adjust the outcome of the extracellular purinergic cascade in order to fine-tune their functions during the inflammatory set.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(2):e31205. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gliomas are the most common and devastating type of primary brain tumor. Many non-neoplastic cells, including immune cells, comprise the tumor microenvironment where they create a milieu that appears to dictate cancer development. ATP and the phosphohydrolytic products ADP and adenosine by activating P2 and P1 receptors may participate in these interactions among malignant and immune cells. Purinergic receptor-mediated cell communication is closely regulated by ectonucleotidases, such as by members of the ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (E-NTPDase) family, which hydrolyze extracellular nucleotides. We have shown that gliomas, unlike astrocytes, exhibit low NTPDase activity. Furthermore, ATP induces glioma cell proliferation and the co-administration of apyrase decreases progression of injected cells in vivo. We have previously shown that NTPDase2 reconstitution dramatically increases tumor growth in vivo. Here we evaluated whether NTPDase2 reconstitution to gliomas modulates systemic inflammatory responses. We observed that NTPDase2 overexpression modulated pro-inflammatory cytokine production and platelet reactivity. Additionally, pathological alterations in the lungs were observed in rats bearing these tumors. Our results suggest that disruption of purinergic signaling via ADP accumulation creates an inflammatory state that may promote tumor spread and dictate clinical progression.
    Purinergic Signalling 10/2011; 8(2):235-43. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma multiform is the most common and aggressive type of brain tumor. The overexpression of ecto-5'-nucleotidase/CD73 (ecto-5'-NT/CD73), an adhesion molecule and the main enzymatic source of extracellular adenosine, has been reported in tumor cells, and it is emerging as a component of glioma progression. Here, we evaluated the involvement of ecto-5'-NT/CD73 in cell adhesion through its interaction with different components of the extracellular matrix in the human U138MG glioma cell line. The results indicated that adenosine induced an increase in glioma cell adhesion. The treatment of glioma cells with adenosine receptor antagonists, APCP (α,β-methylene ADP) and dipyridamole prevented the adenosine effect, indicating the participation of extracellular and intracellular signaling pathways in cell adhesion mediated by adenosine. The ECM protein laminin (lam) and chondroitin sulfate (ChS) modulated the ecto-5'-NT/CD73 activity and glioma adhesion in a parallel manner, suggesting the involvement of purinergic signaling in the effects mediated by the extracellular matrix. Taken together, these results suggest that ecto-5'-NT/CD73, an important producer of extracellular adenosine, may modulate glioma cell adhesion and tumor cell-extracellular matrix interactions.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 08/2011; 359(1-2):315-22. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies suggested that curcumin is a potential agent against glioblastomas (GBMs). However, the in vivo efficacy of curcumin in gliomas remains not established. In this work, we examined the mechanisms underlying apoptosis, selectivity, efficacy and safety of curcumin from in vitro (U138MG, U87, U373 and C6 cell lines) and in vivo (C6 implants) models of GBM. In vitro, curcumin markedly inhibited proliferation and migration and induced cell death in liquid and soft agar models of GBM growth. Curcumin effects occurred irrespective of the p53 and PTEN mutational status of the cells. Interestingly, curcumin did not affect viability of primary astrocytes, suggesting that curcumin selectivity targeted transformed cells. In U138MG and C6 cells, curcumin decreased the constitutive activation of PI3K/Akt and NFkappaB survival pathways, down-regulated the antiapoptotic NFkappaB-regulated protein bcl-xl and induced mitochondrial dysfunction as a prelude to apoptosis. Cells developed an early G2/M cell cycle arrest followed by sub-G1 apoptosis and apoptotic bodies formation. Caspase-3 activation occurred in the p53-normal cell type C6, but not in the p53-mutant U138MG. Besides its apoptotic effect, curcumin also synergized with the chemotherapeutics cisplatin and doxorubicin to enhance GBM cells death. In C6-implanted rats, intraperitoneal curcumin (50 mg kg(-1) d(-1)) decreased brain tumors in 9/11 (81.8%) animals against 0/11 (0%) in the vehicle-treated group. Importantly, no evidence of tissue (transaminases, creatinine and alkaline phosphatase), metabolic (cholesterol and glucose), oxidative or hematological toxicity was observed. In summary, data presented here suggest curcumin as a potential agent for therapy of GBMs.
    The Journal of nutritional biochemistry 07/2011; 23(6):591-601. · 4.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Identification of novel target pathways in glioblastoma (GBM) remains critical due to poor prognosis, inefficient therapies and recurrence associated with these tumors. In this work, we evaluated the role of nuclear-factor-kappa-B (NFκB) in the growth of GBM cells, and the potential of NFκB inhibitors as antiglioma agents. NFκB pathway was found overstimulated in GBM cell lines and in tumor specimens compared to normal astrocytes and healthy brain tissues, respectively. Treatment of a panel of established GBM cell lines (U138MG, U87, U373 and C6) with pharmacological NFκB inhibitors (BAY117082, parthenolide, MG132, curcumin and arsenic trioxide) and NFκB-p65 siRNA markedly decreased the viability of GBMs as compared to inhibitors of other signaling pathways such as MAPKs (ERK, JNK and p38), PKC, EGFR and PI3K/Akt. In addition, NFκB inhibitors presented a low toxicity to normal astrocytes, indicating selectivity to cancerous cells. In GBMs, mitochondrial dysfunction (membrane depolarization, bcl-xL downregulation and cytochrome c release) and arrest in the G2/M phase were observed at the early steps of NFκB inhibitors treatment. These events preceded sub-G1 detection, apoptotic body formation and caspase-3 activation. Also, NFκB was found overstimulated in cisplatin-resistant C6 cells, and treatment of GBMs with NFκB inhibitors overcame cisplatin resistance besides potentiating the effects of the chemotherapeutics, cisplatin and doxorubicin. These findings support NFκB as a potential target to cell death induction in GBMs, and that the NFκB inhibitors may be considered for in vivo testing on animal models and possibly on GBM therapy.
    Biochemical pharmacology 10/2010; 81(3):412-24. · 4.25 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

416 Citations
112.40 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2014
    • Universidade Federal de Pelotas
      • Center for Chemical Sciences, Pharmaceutical and Food (CCQFA)
      São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • 2004–2012
    • Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
      • Departamento de Bioquímica
      Porto Alegre, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • 2003–2008
    • Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre
      Pôrto de São Francisco dos Casaes, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil