ABSTRACT: Mer signaling participates in a novel inhibitory pathway in TLR activation. The purpose of the present study was to examine the role of Mer signaling in the down-regulation of TLR4 activation-driven immune responses in mice, i.t.-treated with LPS, using the specific Mer-blocking antibody. At 4 h and 24 h after LPS treatment, expression of Mer protein in alveolar macrophages and lung tissue decreased, sMer in BALF increased significantly, and Mer activation increased. Pretreatment with anti-Mer antibody did not influence the protein levels of Mer and sMer levels. Anti-Mer antibody significantly reduced LPS-induced Mer activation, phosphorylation of Akt and FAK, STAT1 activation, and expression of SOCS1 and -3. Anti-Mer antibody enhanced LPS-induced inflammatory responses, including activation of the NF-κB pathway; the production of TNF-α, IL-1β, and MIP-2 and MMP-9 activity; and accumulation of inflammatory cells and the total protein levels in BALF. These results indicate that Mer plays as an intrinsic feedback inhibitor of the TLR4- and inflammatory mediator-driven immune responses during acute lung injury.
Journal of leukocyte biology 03/2012; 91(6):921-32. · 4.99 Impact Factor