Young Hoon Seo

Cheju Halla University, Tse-tsiu, Jeju-do, South Korea

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Publications (9)21.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Study Design A prospective radiographic study of cervical spine with congenital monosegment fusion. Purpose To evaluate the effect of cervical synostosis on adjacent segments and the vertebral morphology. Overview of Literature There are numerous clinical studies of adjacent segment disease (ASD) after monosegment surgical fusion. However, there was no report on ASD in the cervical spine with congenital monosegment synostosis. Methods Radiograms of 52 patients, aged 5 to 90 years, with congenital monosegment synostosis (CMS) between C2 and C6, who complained of neck/shoulder discomfort or pain were studied. 51 were normally aligned and one was kyphotically aligned. Results Spondylosis was not found in the patients below 35 years of age. Only 12 out of 24 patients with normally aligned C2-3 synostosis had spondylosis in 19 more caudal segments, and only one at C3-4. A patient with kyphotic C2-3 had spondylolysis at C3-4. In 8 patients with C3-4 synostosis, spondylosis was found in only 9 caudal segments (4 at C4-5, 4 at C5-6, and 1 at C6-7). The caudate C4-5 disc was the most liable to degenerate in comparison with other caudate segments. Caudal corporal flaring and inwaisting of the synostotic vertebra were the features that were the most evident. In 2 of 9 C4-5 and 7 out of 10 C5-6 synostosis patients, spondylosis was found at the two adjacent cephalad and caudate segments, respectively. Only corporal inwaisting without flaring was found. In all cases, spondylosis was confined to the adjacent segments. More advanced spondylosis was found in the immediate caudal segment than the cephalad one. Conclusions It is concluded that spondylosis at the mobile segments in a synostotic spine is thought to be a fusion-related pathology rather than solely age-related disc degeneration. Those data suggested that CMS definitely precipitated the disc degeneration in the adjacent segments.
    Asian spine journal 10/2014; 8(5):615-23. DOI:10.4184/asj.2014.8.5.615
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    ABSTRACT: A prospective analysis of an adaptive change of the spinopelvic alignment after total knee arthroplasty. To evaluate the effect of correction of the contractured knee in flexion on the spinopelvic alignment by total knee arthroplasty. Flexion contracture of the knee joint may affect the body posture and precipitate the symptoms in the lumbar spine, which is known as the 'knee-spine syndrome'. Fifteen patients who could be followed at least over 12 months were used in this study. Neutral whole spine lateral standing radiograms taken at certain intervals were analyzed. The subjects were divided into two groups (group A, the patients who obtained over 10° correction; group B, the others). The sacral slope, the pelvic tilt and the pelvic incidence were measured preoperatively and at 12 months and thereafter postoperatively in all the patients. Also, the thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, and lumbosacral angle were measured, including the spinal sagittal balance, S1 overhang and spino-sacral angle. The average correction of the contractured knee in flexion were 13.8° in group A and 2.7° in group B. The median of changes of the sacral slope were 4.2° in group A and -0.4° in group B. These results revealed that there was a significant increase of the sacral slope for group A (p=0.001). However, there were no significant differences between the other parameters. The sacral slope appears to be affected by the change of the flexion contracture after total knee arthroplasty.
    Asian spine journal 09/2013; 7(3):204-11. DOI:10.4184/asj.2013.7.3.204
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    ABSTRACT: It is unclear which plaque component is related with long-term clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery occlusive disease (CAOD). We assessed the relationship between plaque compositions and long-term clinical outcomes in those patients. The study subjects consisted of 339 consecutive patients (mean 61.7±12.2 years old, 239 males) who underwent coronary angiogram and a virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound examination. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), including all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular events, and target vessel revascularization were evaluated during a mean 28-month follow-up period. Patients with high fibrofatty volume (FFV, >8.90 mm(3), n=169) had a higher incidence of MACCE (25.4% vs. 14.7%, p=0.015), male sex (75.7% vs. 65.3%, p=0.043), acute coronary syndrome (53.3% vs. 35.9%, p=0.002), multivessel disease (62.7% vs. 41.8%, p<0.001) and post-stent slow flow (10.7% vs. 2.4%, p=0.002) than those with low FFV (FFV≤8.90 mm(3), n=170). Other plaque composition factors such as fibrous area/volume, dense calcified area/volume, and necrotic core area/volume did not show any impact on MACCE. Cardiogenic shock {hazard ratio (HR)=8.44; 95% confidence interval (CI)=3.00-23.79; p<0.001} and FFV (HR=1.85; 95% CI=1.12-3.07; p=0.016) were the independent predictors of MACCE by Cox regression analysis. Thin-cap fibroatheroma, necrotic core area, and necrotic core volume were not associated with MACCE. FFV of a culprit lesion was associated with unfavorable long-term clinical outcomes in patients with CAOD.
    Korean Circulation Journal 06/2013; 43(6):377-83. DOI:10.4070/kcj.2013.43.6.377
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    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 03/2013; DOI:10.1016/S0735-1097(13)61694-0 · 15.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypercholesterolemia is a key factor in the development of atherosclerosis. We sought to evaluate the relation between hypercholesterolemia and plaque composition in patients with coronary artery disease. Study subjects consisted of 323 patients (mean 61.5 years, 226 males) who underwent coronary angiography and virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound examination. Patients were divided into two groups according to total cholesterol level: hypercholesterolemic group (≥200 mg/dL, n=114) and normocholesterolemic group (<200 mg/dL, n=209). Hypercholesterolemic patients were younger (59.7±13.3 years vs. 62.6±11.5 years, p=0.036), than normocholesterolemic patients, whereas there were no significant differences in other demographics. Hypercholesterolemic patients had higher corrected necrotic core volume (1.23±0.85 mm(3)/mm vs. 1.02±0.80 mm(3)/mm, p=0.029) as well as percent necrotic core volume (20.5±8.5% vs. 18.0±9.2%, p=0.016) than normocholesterolemic patients. At the minimal lumen area site, percent necrotic core area (21.4±10.5% vs. 18.4±11.3%, p=0.019) and necrotic core area (1.63±1.09 mm(2) vs. 1.40±1.20 mm(2), p=0.088) were also higher than normocholesterolemic patients. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that total cholesterol level was an independent factor of percent necrotic core volume in the culprit lesion after being adjusted with age, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol , hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking and acute coronary syndrome (beta 0.027, 95% confidence interval 0.02-0.053, p=0.037). Hypercholesterolemia was associated with increased necrotic core volume in coronary artery plaque. This study suggests that hypercholesterolemia plays a role in making plaque more complex, which is characterized by a large necrotic core, in coronary artery disease.
    Korean Circulation Journal 01/2013; 43(1):23-8. DOI:10.4070/kcj.2013.43.1.23
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    ABSTRACT: Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare benign proliferative disorder that results in villous hyperplasia and nodule formation in the synovium, tendon sheath and bursa. That most commonly affects the knee and the hip joint in adult. PVNS of the hand, the wrist, the shoulder and the elbow is rare and that of the elbow in children is particularly rarer. An eight-year-old boy had his left elbow pain and a lesion like benign bone tumor in the left fossa olecrani on plain x-ray. During the operation, abnormal synovial hyperplasia in his left elbow joint led us to diagnose PVNS. Therefore, open curettage of the lesion and radical synovectomy was performed. The specimen of the synovectomized tissue revealed PVNS. The left elbow pain subsided after the operation and the child restored a full range of motion of his left elbow. We reported this rare case of PVNS in a child's elbow joint mimicking the bone tumor together with a review of the literature.
    12/2012; 15(2). DOI:10.5397/CiSE.2012.15.2.138
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    ABSTRACT: The relationship between the positive remodeling (PR) of a coronary artery and plaque composition has been studied only in a relatively small number of study population or non-culprit lesion. We evaluated the association between coronary plaque composition and coronary artery remodeling in a relatively large number of culprit lesions. The study population consisted of 325 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease that underwent intravascular ultrasound-virtual histology examination in a culprit lesion. The remodeling index (RI) was calculated as the lesion external elastic membrane (EEM) area divided by the average reference EEM area. The lesions with PR (RI>1.05, n=97, mean RI=1.19±0.12) had a higher fibrous volume/lesion length (3.85±2.12 mm(3)/mm vs. 3.04±1.79 mm(3)/mm, p=0.003) and necrotic core volume/lesion length (1.26±0.89 mm(3)/mm vs. 0.90±0.66 mm(3)/mm, p=0.001) than those with negative remodeling (NR) (RI<0.95, n=132, mean RI=0.82±0.09). At the minimal luminal area site, the lesions with PR had a higher fibrous area (5.81±3.17 mm(2) vs. 3.61±2.30 mm(2), p<0.001), dense calcified area (0.73±0.69 mm(2) vs. 0.46±0.43 mm(2), p=0.001), and necrotic core area (1.93±1.33 mm(2) vs. 1.06±0.91 mm(2), p<0.001) than those with NR. RI showed significant positive correlation with fibrous volume/lesion length (r=0.173, p=0.002), necrotic core volume/lesion length (r=0.188, p=0.001), fibrous area (r=0.347, p<0.001), fibrofatty area (r=0.111, p=0.036), dense calcified area (r=0.239, p<0.001), and necrotic core area (r=0.334, p<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that the independent factor for PR was the necrotic core volume/lesion length (beta=0.130, 95% confidence interval; 0.002-0.056, p=0.037) over the entire lesion. This study suggests that PR in a culprit lesion is associated with the necrotic core volume in the entire lesion, which is a characteristic of vulnerable plaque.
    Korean Circulation Journal 11/2012; 42(11):747-52. DOI:10.4070/kcj.2012.42.11.747
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We evaluated discrepancy of calcium detection between gray scale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and virtual histology (VH)-IVUS and the association between coronary calcium and plaque composition. METHODS: Study population consisted of 162 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with VH-IVUS study. Subjects were divided into 3 groups based on gray scale IVUS findings; No calcification group (n=50), spotty group (n=56) who had a lesion containing only small calcium deposits within an arc <90° and diffuse group (n=56) who had a diffuse calcified lesion with an arc ≥90° in ≥1 cross-sectional image of the lesion. RESULTS: No calcification group was younger than spotty and diffuse groups (54.4±13.0years vs. 61.1±10.7years and 64.2±9.9years, p=0.011 and p<0.001, respectively). No calcification group had some degree of dense calcium (5. 7±6.9mm(3)) by VH-IVUS analysis. Furthermore, calcified volume by VH-IVUS in no calcification group was similar to those in spotty group (5.7±6.9mm(3) vs. 5.4±4.4mm(3)). Dense calcium volume was correlated directly with plaque volume (r=0.65, p<0.001), fibrous volume (r=0.54, p<0.001), fibro-fatty volume (r=0.29, p<0.001) and lipid core volume (r=0.77, p<0.001). In multiple regression analysis, lipid core volume (β=0.287, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.187-0.388, p<0.001) was an independent predictor of dense calcium volume. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that coronary calcium can be present even if invisible in gray scale IVUS and associated with lipid core volume, which is a characteristic of plaque vulnerability.
    International journal of cardiology 07/2012; 167(6). DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.06.123 · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated which plaque components are associated with long-term clinical events in patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The study subjects consisted of 57 consecutive patients (mean age, 58.5±14.5 years; 45 males) who underwent primary PCI and a virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound examination. Major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) including death, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and revascularization were evaluated during the mean 28 month follow-up period. Patients with high fibro-fatty volume (FFV >13.4 mm(3), n=29; mean age, 61.3 years) had a lower ejection fraction (52.7% vs. 59.4%, p=0.022), a higher incidence of multi-vessel disease (69.0% vs. 28.6%, p=0.002), larger plaque area (25.7 mm(2) vs. 15.9 mm(2), p<0.001), and larger plaque volume (315 mm(3) vs. 142 mm(3), p<0.001) than those with a low FFV (≤13.4 mm(3), n=28; mean age, 55.6 years). Patients with high FFV had a significantly higher incidence (32.1% vs. 8.3%, p=0.036) of MACE than those with low FFV. When we divided the study population according to the necrotic core volume (NCV), fibrous volume, or dense calcified volume, no significant findings in terms of demographics and MACE rates were observed. A Cox regression analysis revealed that the independent factor for MACE was FFV (hazard ratio, 6.748; 95% confidence interval, 1.168-38.971, p=0.033) in this study population. The coronary plaque component, particularly FFV, but not NCV, was important in long-term clinical outcomes in patients who underwent primary PCI.
    Korean Circulation Journal 01/2012; 42(1):33-9. DOI:10.4070/kcj.2012.42.1.33

Publication Stats

7 Citations
21.52 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013–2014
    • Cheju Halla University
      Tse-tsiu, Jeju-do, South Korea
  • 2012–2013
    • Konyang University Hospital
      Gaigeturi, Jeju, South Korea
    • Konyang University
      Ronsan, Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea