[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A series of novel, highly potent, selective and ATP-competitive mTOR inhibitors have been identified based on a benzoxazepine scaffold. Lead optimization resulted in the discovery of inhibitors with low nanomolar activity and greater than 1000-fold selectivity over the closely related PI3K kinases. Compound 28 (XL388) inhibited of cellular phosphorylation of mTORC1 (p-p70S6K, pS6, and p-4E-BP1) and mTORC2 (pAKT (S473)) substrates. Furthermore, this compound displayed good pharmacokinetics and oral exposure in multiple species with moderate bioavailability. Oral administration of compound 28 to athymic nude mice implanted with human tumor xenografts afforded significant and dose-dependent antitumor activity.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 02/2013; · 5.61 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With structural guidance, tropane-derived HTS hits were modified to optimize for HSP90 inhibition and a desirable in vivo profile. Through an iterative SAR development process 12i (XL888) was discovered and shown to reduce HSP90 client protein content in PD studies. Furthermore, efficacy experiments performed in a NCI-N87 mouse xenograft model demonstrated tumor regression in some dosing regimens.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The 70-kDa ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70S6K) is part of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and has been implicated in cancer. High throughput screening versus p70S6K led to the identification of aminopyrimidine 3a as active inhibitor. Lead optimization of 3a resulted in highly potent, selective, and orally bioavailable pyrazolopyrimidines. In this manuscript we report the structure-activity relationship of this series and pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and efficacy data of the lead compound 13c.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Activation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR kinase pathway is frequently associated with human cancer. Selective inhibition of p70S6Kinase, which is the last kinase in the PI3K pathway, is not sufficient for strong tumor growth inhibition and can lead to activation of upstream proteins including Akt through relief of a negative feedback loop. Targeting multiple sites in the PI3K pathway might be beneficial for optimal activity. In this manuscript we report the design of dual Akt/p70S6K inhibitors and the evaluation of the lead compound 11b in vivo, which was eventually advanced into clinical development.