Ki-Duk Song

Seoul National University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (13)55.01 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cell-mediated and acute vascular rejections remain to be one of the primary hurdles to achieve successful xenotransplantation. Fas ligand is known to be an important molecule for the formation of ‘immune-privileged’ condition and dendritic cells treated with dexamethasone (Dex-DCs) acting like tolerogenic DCs (tDCs) which are known to protect transplanted cells and organs from unwanted immune responses. The present study investigated the possibility that porcine fibroblasts expressing human Fas ligand (PhF) together with human Dex-DCs could induce prolonged survival of porcine fibroblasts in vitro. PhF was collected from an ear of human Fas ligand transgenic porcine and cell-line was established by MGEM Inc. PhF labeled with CFSE co-cultured with human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (hPBMCs) were examined induction of tolerance and the cell death when co-cultured with Dex-DCs for 3 days. PhF induced the apoptosis in hPBMCs, especially CD4+ T cells. Dex-DCs showed significant (P < 0.05) reduction on the expression of CD80, CD86 and MHC class I/II, and the secretion of IL-12p70, TNF-α and IL-10, but increase of latency-associated peptide (LAP). Survival of PhF was dramatically higher than WT and in case of the presence of Dex-DCs increased survival of hPBMCs when compared to the other DCs (DCs, LPS-treated DCs and LPS/Dex-treated DCs) in vitro. Survival of PhF did not change by co-culture with Dex-DCs due to apoptotic cell death of Dex-DCs. Dex-DCs reduced the death of porcine fibroblasts and, at the same time, PhF induced the apoptosis from hPBMCs, but it was not synergistic.
    Transplant Immunology 01/2014; · 1.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Orientia tsutsugamushi, a gram-negative bacterium, causes severe acute febrile illness in humans. Despite this danger, the route of infection, infectivity and protective mechanisms of the host's immune response to O. tsutsugamushi are unclear. Dendritic cells (DCs) are one of the most important cell types in bridging the innate and adaptive immune responses. In this study, we observed that O. tsutsugamushi infects and replicates in monocyte-derived DCs (MODCs). During infection and replication, the expression of the cytokines IL-12 and TNF-alpha, as well as the co-stimulatory molecules CD80, CD83, CD86, and CD40 was increased in MODCs. When O. tsutsugamushi-treated MODCs were co-cultured with autologous CD4+ T cells they enhanced production of IFN-gamma, a major Th1 cytokine. Collectively, our results show that O. tsutsugamushi can replicate in MODCs and can simultaneously induce MODC maturation and increase proinflammatory cytokine levels in MODCs that subsequently activate CD4+ T cells.
    Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 06/2013; · 1.40 Impact Factor
  • Journal of dermatological science 05/2013; · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Surfactant, Pulmonary-Associated Protein A1 (SFTPA1) gene is one of the key regulators for normal respiration, synthesis, secretion and recycling of surfactant phospholipids. Furthermore, it counteracts the inhibitory effects of plasma proteins released during lung injury on surfactant function. For a better understanding of the SFTPA1 gene in horse (Equus caballus), we retrieved SFTPA1 genomic sequences of horse from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database and performed molecular analyses to obtain insights on this gene and its expression profile in the tissues of horse. Results of the analysis showed that the protein of the SFTPA1 gene in horse was not modified by using the Ka/Ks ratio (ratio of non-synonymous substitutions per site to that of synonymous substitutions per site) and was highly conserved when analyzed and compared with that of other species. Unlike in humans and mice, the SFTPA1 mRNA in horse was detected in the thyroid gland as well as in the lungs of Thoroughbred and Jeju horses. This study was conducted to obtain insights on the genomic characterization and the role of the SFTPA1 gene in horse, information which may be useful in future studies of its association with respiratory system diseases in horses.
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    ABSTRACT: Seventy-two pigs at 34.4 kg body weight (BW) were allotted to two treatments with six replicates/treatment and six pigs/pen: the CON (negative control, no added selenium (Se)) and the OS (0.36 mg/kg added selenium from selenium-enriched yeast). Pigs were fed until 130 kg BW. The CON diet contained 0.18 mg/kg indigenous Se whereas the OS diet contained 0.54 mg/kg Se. Blood samples were collected at 130 kg BW and further processed for microarray analysis, prepared with 885 genes related to immune function of pigs. Among those, 28 genes related to improved immune status and innate immunity were up-regulated (P < 0.05) in leukocytes from Se-fed pigs and those include major histocompatibility class I (> 1.66), arginase I (> 1.27), integrin beta-1-subunit (> 1.20), toll like receptor 2 (> 1.12) and double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase. However, 24 genes including tissue factor (< 4.70), serum amyloid A-2 protein (< 3.11) and p27Kip1 (< 1.42) were down-regulated (P < 0.05) in leukocytes from Se-fed pigs. Expression of four selected genes was validated using quantitative PCR (qPCR) showing significant correlation between mircroarray analysis and qPCR analysis. This study indicates that a long- term dietary supplementation (0.3%) of organic Se improves the expression of genes that are related to enhanced immunity of pigs.
    Animal Science Journal 03/2013; 84(3):238-246. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we examined the therapeutic effects of an immune-stimulating peptide, WKYMVm, in ulcerative colitis. The administration of WKYMVm to dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-treated mice reversed decreases in body weight, bleeding score and stool score in addition to reversing DSS-induced mucosa destruction and shortened colon. The WKYMVm-induced therapeutic effect against ulcerative colitis was strongly inhibited by a formyl peptide receptor (FPR) 2 antagonist, WRWWWW, indicating the crucial role of FPR2 in this effect. Mechanistically, WKYMVm effectively decreases intestinal permeability by stimulating colon epithelial cell proliferation. WKYMVm also strongly decreases interleukin-23 and transforming growth factor-β production in the colon of DSS-treated mice. We suggest that the potent immune-modulating peptide WKYMVm and its receptor FPR2 may be useful in the development of efficient therapeutic agents against chronic intestinal inflammatory diseases.
    Experimental & molecular medicine. 01/2013; 45:e40.
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    ABSTRACT: Negative selection and regulatory T (T reg) cell development are two thymus-dependent processes necessary for the enforcement of self-tolerance, and both require high-affinity interactions between the T cell receptor (TCR) and self-ligands. However, it remains unclear if they are similarly impacted by alterations in TCR signaling potential. We generated a knock-in allele (6F) of the TCR ζ chain gene encoding a mutant protein lacking signaling capability whose expression is controlled by endogenous ζ regulatory sequences. Although negative selection was defective in 6F/6F mice, leading to the survival of autoreactive T cells, 6F/6F mice did not develop autoimmune disease. We found that 6F/6F mice generated increased numbers of thymus-derived T reg cells. We show that attenuation of TCR signaling potential selectively impacts downstream signaling responses and that this differential effect favors Foxp3 expression and T reg cell lineage commitment. These results identify a potential compensatory pathway for the enforcement of immune tolerance in response to defective negative selection caused by reduced TCR signaling capability.
    Journal of Experimental Medicine 09/2012; 209(10):1781-95. · 13.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anticoccidial effects of Galla rhois (GR) extract were evaluated in chickens after oral infection with Eimeria tenella. This study was performed using 3-day-old chickens (n=30). The animals were divided into 3 groups as follows: GR 0.5%/infected (n=10), untreated/infected (n=10), and non-infected control (n=10). The chickens were fed a standard diet supplemented with or without GR for 1 week before infection with E. tenella (10,000 sporulated oocysts per chicken). The effects of GR on E. tenella infection were assessed by 2 parameters, number of fecal oocysts and body weight gain, and the results of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The GR-fed chickens produced significantly lower number of fecal oocysts (P<0.05) than the E. tenella-infected chickens who were fed the standard diet. In addition, GR-based diet improved the loss of body weight caused by E. tenella infection. Positive findings of PCR were identified by distinct bands in the samples of E. tenella-inoculated chickens. However, PCR analysis revealed no E. tenella oocysts in the feces of GR-fed chickens. Our data showed that GR extracts had remarkable anticoccidial activities against E. tenella. This finding might have implications for the development of novel anticoccidial drugs.
    Laboratory animal research. 09/2012; 28(3):193-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes, which has shown an explosive increase in terms of its incidence, is regarded as a serious disease that must be overcome for the sake of human life. Among animal models used for testing of drug efficacy, the mini-pig model has shown a rapid upload due to its many similarities with human, particularly concerning the pharmacokinetics of compounds after subcutaneous administration, the structure and function of the gastrointestinal tract, the morphology of the pancreas, and overall metabolic status. Based on these various advantages, we sought to develop an animal model of type II diabetic mellitus using the Micro-pig, which differs from other miniature pigs. We used six male Micro-pigs for induction of a moderate insulin deficient model with nicotinamide (NIA)/streptozotocin (STZ) treatment and three animals for control. For evaluation of incidence of type II diabetes, we measured blood glucose level, and performed oral glucose tolerance test and immunohistochemistry on pancreatic tissue using insulin antibody. Compared to control animals, all animals treated with NIA/STZ showed high levels of glucose and low levels of insulin. In addition, we observed the partially destroyed beta cell population from tissue of the pancreas in treated animals. Based on these results, we report that the Micro-pig model developed in this study can be used for testing of the efficacy of therapeutic agents for treatment of Type 2 diabetic mellitus.
    Laboratory animal research. 09/2012; 28(3):205-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Themis1, a recently identified T cell protein, has a critical function in the generation of mature CD4(+)CD8(-) and CD4(-)CD8(+) (CD4 and CD8 single-positive [SP]) thymocytes and T cells. Although Themis1 has been shown to bind to the adaptor proteins LAT and Grb2, previous studies have yielded conflicting results regarding whether thymocytes from Themis1(-/-) mice exhibit TCR-mediated signaling defects. In this study, we demonstrate that, in the absence of Themis1, TCR-mediated signaling is selectively impaired in CD4 SP and CD8 SP thymocytes but is not affected in CD4(+)CD8(+) double-positive thymocytes despite high expression of Themis1 in double-positive thymocytes. Like Themis1, Themis2, a related member of the Themis family, which is expressed in B cells and macrophages, contains two conserved cysteine-based domains, a proline-rich region, and a nuclear localization signal. To determine whether Themis1 and Themis2 can perform similar functions in vivo, we analyzed T cell development and TCR-mediated signaling in Themis1(-/-) mice reconstituted with either Themis1 or Themis2 transgenes. Notably, Themis1 and Themis2 exhibited the same potential to restore T cell development and TCR-mediated signaling in Themis1(-/-) mice. Both proteins were tyrosine phosphorylated and were recruited within Grb2 signaling complexes to LAT following TCR engagement. These results suggest that conserved molecular features of the Themis1 and Themis2 proteins are important for their biological activity and predict that Themis1 and Themis2 may perform similar functions in T and B cells, respectively.
    The Journal of Immunology 06/2012; 189(3):1154-61. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Krüppel-like factor 10 (KLF10) has been suggested to be a putative tumor suppressor. In the present study, we generated KLF10 deficient mice to explore this hypothesis in vivo. KLF10 deficient mice exhibited increased predisposition to skin tumorigenesis and markedly accelerated papilloma development after DMBA/TPA treatment. On the other hand, KLF10 deficient keratinocytes showed increased proliferation and apoptosis. In colony formation assays after oncogenic H-Ras transfection, KLF10 deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) yielded more colonies than wild-type MEFs. Furthermore, KLF10 dose-dependently activated p21(WAF1/CIP1) transcription, which was independent of p53 and Sp1 binding sites in p21(WAF1/CIP1) promoter. This study demonstrates that KLF10 is a tumor suppressor and that it targets p21(WAF1/CIP1) transcription.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/2012; 419(2):388-94. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    Ki-Duk Song, Sujin Hwang, Cheol-Heui Yun
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    ABSTRACT: T cell receptor (TCR) signaling plays a critical role in T cell development, survival and differentiation. In the thymus, quantitative and/or qualitative differences in TCR signaling determine the fate of developing thymocytes and lead to positive and negative selection. Recently, it has been suggested that self-reactive T cells, escape from negative selection, should be suppressed in the periphery by regulatory T cells (Tregs) expressing Foxp3 transcription factor. Foxp3 is a master factor that is critical for not only development and survival but also suppressive activity of Treg. However, signals that determine Treg fate are not completely understood. The availability of mutant mice which harbor mutations in TCR signaling mediators will certainly allow to delineate signaling events that control intrathymic (natural) Treg (nTreg) development. Thus, we summarize the recent progress on the role of TCR signaling cascade components in nTreg development from the studies with murine model.
    Immune Network 12/2011; 11(6):336-41.
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    ABSTRACT: During positive selection, thymocytes transition through a stage during which T cell antigen receptor (TCR) signaling controls CD4-versus-CD8 lineage 'choice' and subsequent maturation. Here we describe a previously unknown T cell–specific protein, Themis, that serves a distinct function during this stage. In Themis-/- mice, thymocyte selection was impaired and the number of transitional CD4+CD8int thymocytes as well as CD4+ or CD8+ single-positive thymocytes was lower. Notably, although we detected no overt TCR-proximal signaling deficiencies, Themis-/- CD4+CD8int thymocytes showed developmental defects consistent with attenuated signaling that were reversible by TCR stimulation. Our results identify Themis as a critical component of the T cell developmental program and suggest that Themis functions to sustain and/or integrate signals required for proper lineage commitment and maturation.
    Nature Immunology 01/2010; 11(1):97. · 26.20 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

29 Citations
55.01 Total Impact Points


  • 2011–2014
    • Seoul National University
      • Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Science
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2013
    • Hankyong National University
      • Genomic Information Center
      Anjŏ, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 2012
    • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
      Maryland, United States