Phillip Vecchio

Princess Alexandra Hospital (Queensland Health), Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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Publications (8)18.53 Total impact

  • Coulson S · Butt H · Vecchio P · Gramotnev H · Vitetta L.
    18th International Integrative Medicine Conference; 08/2012
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate how changes in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) microbiota profile may influence nutraceutical efficacy in osteoarthritis (OA) and allow the formulation of a hypothesis that explains in part the inconsistent and contentious findings from OA clinical studies with green-lipped mussel (GLM) and glucosamine. Methods: A non-blinded randomised clinical trial was conducted with 38 subjects diagnosed with knee OA. Each participant received either 3,000 mg/day of a whole GLM extract or 3,000 mg/day of glucosamine sulphate (GS), p.o. for 12 weeks. Faecal microbial analyses were carried out after collecting stools at T (0) and T (12) weeks. Additional pharmacometric measures were obtained from changes in arthritic scores in the Western Ontario McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) and the Lequesne algofunctional indices and the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS). An intention-to-treat analysis was employed and participant data collected at T (0), T (6) and T (12) weeks. Results: There were no statistically significant changes in bacterial growth patterns determined by the Wilcoxon test. In both groups there was a trend towards a decrease in Clostridium and Staphylococcus species and increase in Lactobacillus, Streptococcus and Eubacterium species. In the GLM group Bifidobacterium tended to increase and Enterococcus and yeast species to decrease. The GS-treated group demonstrated a trend towards a decrease in Bacteroides and an increase in yeasts and Coliforms species, most notably Escherichia coli. We further confirm significant improvement (p < 0.05) in all OA outcome measures from T (0) to T (12) weeks for both the GLM and GS groups. The GSRS scores indicated that GIT function significantly improved over the 12 weeks duration with GLM and GS supplementation. Conclusion: Both GLM and GS reduced OA symptoms and non-significantly altered the gut microbiota profile from baseline. Changes in the microbiota profiles occurred in both treatment groups; the most notable being a reduction in the Clostridia sp. This study suggests that nutritional supplements such as GLM and GS may regulate some of the metabolic and immunological activities of the GIT microbiota. The decrease in Clostridia, a potent modulator of colonic Th17 and CD4+ regulatory T cells, was consistent with a decrease in inflammation; improved GSRS scores and OA symptoms for these OA participants. The GIT microbiota may be important factor in the first-pass metabolism of these nutraceuticals.
    Inflammopharmacology 07/2012; DOI:10.1007/s10787-012-0146-4
  • Coulson S · Vecchio P · Butt H · Masci P · Vitetta L.
    2nd International Conference on the Science of Nutrition in Medicine and Healthcare., Melbourne, Australia.; 05/2012
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    Samantha Coulson · Phillip Vecchio · Helen Gramotnev · Luis Vitetta
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical data demonstrating efficacy for nutraceutical compounds marketed for the symptom relief of osteoarthritis (OA) have been largely contentious. Furthermore, no association has been linked between clinical trial inconsistencies and gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction. The aim of this study was to primarily investigate the efficacy of a high-dose New Zealand green-lipped mussel (GLM) extract in patients diagnosed with OA of the knee and concurrently assess GLM impact on GI function. An open label, single group allocation study was conducted, that administered 3,000 mg/day of GLM extract over 8 weeks to 21 subjects diagnosed with knee OA. Outcome measures were scored using the WOMAC, the Lequesne algofunctional index, and the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) tools. An intention-to-treat analysis was employed and subject data collected at T₀, T₄ and T₈ weeks. Paired t tests showed significant improvement for the Lequesne, WOMAC (p < 0.001) and GSRS (p = 0.005) scores. A repeated measures ANOVA analysis showed significant improvement in scores for the Lequesne (F = 20.317, p < 0.001), WOMAC (F = 28.383, p < 0.001) and the GSRS (F = 9.221, p = 0.002). Green-lipped mussel significantly improved knee joint pain, stiffness and mobility. We report for the first time that the administration of GLM extract also significantly improved GI symptoms by 49% in OA patients. Given that GI dysfunction is linked to analgesic medication use, we further conclude that the therapeutic efficacy of the GLM extract used was possibly correlated to its effects on GI function by improving GSRS scores from baseline. Results from this trial highlight the requisite for further clinical investigations of gastrointestinal tract function in OA patients.
    Inflammopharmacology 04/2012; 20(2):71-6. DOI:10.1007/s10787-012-0128-6
  • Coulson S · Vecchio P · Butt H · Masci P · Vitetta L.
    World Congress on Debates and Consensus in Bone, Muscle and Joint Diseases., Barcelona, Spain.; 01/2012
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    Coulson S · Vecchio P · Masci P · Vitetta L.
    1st International Conference on the Science of Nutrition in Medicine and Healthcare., Sydney, Australia; 05/2011
  • Adam Frankel · Phillip Vecchio
    BMJ (online) 10/2010; 341:c5867. DOI:10.1136/bmj.c5867 · 17.45 Impact Factor
  • Helen Benham · Luke Garske · Phillip Vecchio · B W Eckert
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    ABSTRACT: Shrinking lung syndrome (SLS) is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We report the case of a 27-year-old woman with SLE presenting with a 2-year history of chest pain and progressive dyspnea. Respiratory function tests demonstrated severe restrictive ventilatory impairment. Chest x-ray demonstrated elevated hemi diaphragms and chest computed tomography showed no evidence of interstitial fibrosis, significant pleural disease or pulmonary emboli. Based on a diagnosis of SLS the patient received 4 months of high dose corticosteroids, mycophenolate and pain management with opiates. Her condition deteriorated and she was given a trial of rituximab. This resulted in marked improvement of the clinical condition and respiratory function tests that was maintained for 18 months. Subsequently, the patient represented with a similar clinical picture and another course of rituximab again produced remission. This is the first case report of reproducible remission of SLS in SLE treated with rituximab.
    Journal of clinical rheumatology: practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases 03/2010; 16(2):68-70. DOI:10.1097/RHU.0b013e3181d0757f · 1.08 Impact Factor