[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Recently, the incidence of bronchopulmonary carcinoid has increased substantially, whereas survival associated with both subtypes has declined. We reviewed our experience with bronchopulmonary carcinoid to identify factors associated with long-term survival. We reviewed our cancer registry from 1985 to 2009 for all patients undergoing surgical resection for bronchopulmonary carcinoid. Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate prognostic factors. Fifty-two patients met criteria for inclusion. Forty-three patients (82%) presented with typical histology. The likelihood of lymph node metastasis was similar for patients with typical histology and patients with atypical histology. For patients with typical histology, the 5-year survival rates with and without lymph node metastases were 100 per cent and 97 per cent, respectively (P = 0.420). The overall survival rate for patients with typical histology (97% at 5 years; 72% at 10 years) was significantly better than for patients with atypical histology (35% at 5 years, 0% at 10 years) (P < 0.001). Univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that long-term survival was associated with histology but not lymph node involvement (hazards ratio = 14.6, 95% confidence interval: 1.7, 125.2). Our data suggests that long-term survival is associated with histology, not lymph node involvement. We found tumor histology to be the strongest predictor of long-term survival in patients with pulmonary carcinoid tumors.
The American surgeon 12/2011; 77(12):1669-74. · 0.92 Impact Factor