Abdullah Hilmi Marangoz

Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi, Djanik, Samsun, Turkey

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Publications (2)4.1 Total impact

  • Abdullah Hilmi Marangoz, Mehmet Yildirim, Mustafa Ayyildiz, Cafer Marangoz
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between nitric oxide (NO) and acetylcholine (ACh) in penicillin-induced experimental epilepsy. Adult male Wistar rats weighing 220 ± 35 g were used in the experiments. The epileptiform activity was induced by microinjection of penicillin (200 IU/1 μl) into the left sensorymotor cortex. Electrocorticogram was recorded by using Ag/AgCl ball electrodes. Sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a NO donor, given intracortically 30 min after penicillin significantly reduced the spike frequency whereas ACh increased the epileptiform activity for 5 min. Atropine, an antagonist for muscarinic receptors, was given intracortically 30 min after penicillin and did not significantly affect epileptiform activity for 30 min. SNP given after atropine significantly suppressed the epileptiform activity. ACh given 10 min after Nω-nitro-L: -arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), a nonspecific nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, did not have a significant effect on spike frequency. When ACh and SNP were administered together, penicillin induced epileptiform activity and spike frequency were significantly suppressed from the 10th minute onwards. It can be concluded that ACh increases the penicillin-induced epileptiform activity while co-administration of ACh and SNP produces a potent anticonvulsant effect as compared to SNP alone.
    Neurochemical Research 03/2012; 37(7):1465-74. · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the influence of nitric oxide (NO) and adenosine systems on penicillin-induced epileptiform activity was examined in rats. NO donor, sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 50 micrograms per rat, i.c.v.) reduced the frequency but not the amplitude of epileptiform discharges. Non-selective NOS inhibitor, N-omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 100 micrograms per rat, i.c.v.) practically did not exert any effect on the spike frequency and amplitude. Adenosine (100 micrograms per rat, i.c.) reduced spike frequency but not the amplitude, whereas theophylline (100 micrograms per rat, i.c.v.) increased the mean spike frequency and amplitude of penicillin-induced epileptiform discharges. Co-injection of theophylline and L-NAME did not cause a further increase in the epileptiform activity compared with theophylline. When NO production was blocked with L-NAME, the inhibitory effects of adenosine were lost. The obtained results suggest that NO and adenosine may decrease penicillin-induced epileptiform activity in rats and that NO, at least in part, may mediate the anticonvulsant effect of adenosine.
    Acta neurobiologiae experimentalis 01/2011; 71(2):208-19. · 1.98 Impact Factor