[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is associated with cryptogenic strokes, recurrent transient neurologic deficits, sleep apnea, decompression illness and migraines with aura.
We verify cryptogenic embolism recurrence after transcatheter PFO closure in patients younger than 55 years old, and determine the prevalence of migraine with aura before and after PFO closure.
We sent a questionnaire concerning the recurrence of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) and the presence of migraine symptoms before and after PFO closure to 224 consecutive patients (mean age 40.9 ±9 years; 103 men; 108 patients < 40 years old, 116 patients 40-55 years old) after successful PFO transcatheter closure as secondary prevention of cryptogenic embolism.
The mean follow-up period was 37.8 ±32.5 (median 27) months. Stroke or TIA recurred in 6 patients (2.6%), all of whom were over 40 years old at the time of closure. The median time of recurrence was 24 months. Two patients (0.89%) died, but the deaths were not related to the device nor to thromboembolism. Migraine occurred in the study group before closure in 68 (30.4%) patients. After the procedure 55 (80.9%) reported improvement or disappearance of migraine symptoms.
Recurrent strokes after PFO closure are rare, and they occur more often in patients over 40 years old at the time of closure. The PFO closure results in migraine subsiding or symptoms noticeably ameliorating.
Postepy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej / Advances in Interventional Cardiology 01/2014; 10(3):155-160. · 0.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A particularly dangerous condition in pregnant women is already dilated left ventricle with severe functional impairment. Taking as an example the case of woman with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) first diagnosed in 17th week of pregnancy, the paper discusses diagnostic, therapeutic challenges and management of heart failure during pregnancy. Repeat measurements of brain natiuretic peptide levels should be helpful in diagnosing heart failure. To distinguish DCM from peripartum cardiomyopathy the time of manifestation should be considered. The risk of serious events is associated with NYHA class and impairment of left ventricular ejection fraction. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) and angiotensin-II receptor blockers are contraindicated in pregnancy because of fetal toxicity. The incidence of sight effects is associated with time of administration of ACE-I and duration of treatment. Possible sight effects of drugs in fetus should be monitored (mainly ultrasonographically). ICD can be implanted during pregnancy if indicated. To assess the time and mode of delivery, a multidisciplinary team of different specialists is required. Subsequent pregnancy is contraindicated in a patient with DCM and low ejection fraction of left ventricle.
Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 06/2012; 18(6):CQ9-13. · 1.22 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Therapeutic management in pregnant patients with heart failure still remains a challenge, even though in most pregnant women with cardiac diseases an outcome is good. A 32-year-old woman, 17 weeks pregnant, was admitted to hospital with heart failure (HF) NYHA class III/IV. Echocardiography revealed enlarged LV, LVEF 13%, significant mitral insufficiency and pulmonary hypertension. The patient wished to continue the pregnancy. In a life-threatening condition, metoprolol, enalapril, spironolactone (for 5 days), furosemide, and digitalis were administered. Enalapril was continued for 42 days. Then the patient was switched to a dihydralazine and isosorbide mononitrate regimen. The fetus was controlled ultrasonographically. In the 19th week of pregnancy, the patient's condition improved (NYHA class II, LVEF 23%). The patient experienced 2 more episodes of HF exacerbation. In the 26th week of pregnancy, in a primary prevention of sudden cardiac death and because of 2nd-degree AV block, an ICD was implanted. In the 32nd week of pregnancy a cesarean section was performed. A male infant was delivered. The patient made a good recovery and was discharged on the 7th postoperative day. The newborn was discharged after 4 weeks, in good general condition. At 1-year follow-up the patient presented NYHA class II.
Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 04/2012; 18(5):CQ5-7. · 1.22 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is the most common cause of right-to-left shunt which carries a significant risk for stroke when associated with venous thrombosis, coagulation abnormalities or other conditions. We present a young male in whom diving was associated with stroke in a subject with otherwise clinically silent PFO.
Kardiologia polska 01/2012; 70(1):55-7. · 0.52 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe 2 patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVD): 58 year-old female and 48 year-old man. Both patients presented with echocardiographic features typical for ARVD and impaired systolic left ventricular function. Both patients had symptoms resembling acute coronary syndrome and received cardioverter-defibrillator due to recurrent sustained ventricular tachycardia.
Kardiologia polska 01/2011; 69(5):470-4. · 0.52 Impact Factor