Satoshi Kume

Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (3)15.38 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The hydrophobic cavity of lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS) has been suggested to accommodate various lipophilic ligands through hydrophobic effects, but its energetic origin remains unknown. We characterized 18 buffer-independent binding systems between human L-PGDS and lipophilic ligands using isothermal titration calorimetry. Although the classical hydrophobic effect was mostly detected, all complex formations were driven by favorable enthalpic gains. Gibbs energy changes strongly correlated with the number of hydrogen bond acceptors of ligand. Thus, the broad binding capability of L-PGDS for ligands should be viewed as hydrophilic interactions delicately tuned by enthalpy-entropy compensation using combined effects of hydrophilic and hydrophobic interactions.
    FEBS letters 02/2014; 588(6). DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2014.02.001 · 3.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: L-PGDS [lipocalin-type PG (prostaglandin) D synthase] is a multi-functional protein, acting as a PGD2-producing enzyme and a lipid-transporter. In the present study, we focus on the function of L-PGDS as an extracellular transporter for small lipophilic molecules. We characterize the binding mechanism of human L-PGDS for the molecules, especially binding affinity stoichiometry and driving force, using tryptophan fluorescence quenching, ICD (induced circular dichroism) and ITC (isothermal titration calorimetry). The tryptophan fluorescence quenching measurements revealed that haem metabolites such as haemin, biliverdin and bilirubin bind to L-PGDS with significantly higher affinities than the other small lipophilic ligands examined, showing dissociation constant (K(d)) values from 17.0 to 20.9 nM. We focused particularly on the extra-specificities of haem metabolites and L-PGDS. The ITC and ICD data revealed that two molecules of the haem metabolites bind to L-PGDS with high and low affinities, showing K(d) values from 2.8 to 18.1 nM and from 0.209 to 1.63 μM respectively. The thermodynamic parameters for the interactions revealed that the contributions of enthalpy and entropy change were considerably different for each haem metabolite even when the Gibbs energy change was the same. Thus we believe that the binding energy of haem metabolites to L-PGDS is optimized by balancing enthalpy and entropy change.
    Biochemical Journal 06/2012; 446(2):279-89. DOI:10.1042/BJ20120324 · 4.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS) is a member of the lipocalin superfamily and a secretory lipid-transporter protein, which binds a wide variety of hydrophobic small molecules. Here we show the feasibility of a novel drug delivery system (DDS), utilizing L-PGDS, for poorly water-soluble compounds such as diazepam (DZP), a major benzodiazepine anxiolytic drug, and 6-nitro-7-sulfamoylbenzo[f]quinoxaline-2,3-dione (NBQX), an α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor antagonist and anticonvulsant. Calorimetric experiments revealed for both compounds that each L-PGDS held three molecules with high binding affinities. By mass spectrometry, the 1:3 complex of L-PGDS and NBQX was observed. L-PGDS of 500μM increased the solubility of DZP and NBQX 7- and 2-fold, respectively, compared to PBS alone. To validate the potential of L-PGDS as a drug delivery vehicle in vivo, we have proved the prospective effects of these compounds via two separate delivery strategies. First, the oral administration of a DZP/L-PGDS complex in mice revealed an increased duration of pentobarbital-induced loss of righting reflex. Second, the intravenous treatment of ischemic gerbils with NBQX/L-PGDS complex showed a protective effect on delayed neuronal cell death at the hippocampal CA1 region. We propose that our novel DDS could facilitate pharmaceutical development and clinical usage of various water-insoluble compounds.
    Journal of Controlled Release 12/2011; 159(1):143-50. DOI:10.1016/j.jconrel.2011.12.020 · 7.26 Impact Factor