[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An efficient method for bioassay-guided preparative isolation of antioxidants from the n-butanol extract of Astragalus altaicus Bunge was ingeniously developed by combination of silica gel column chromatography and high-speed counter-current chromatography. Under the bioassay-guidance of antioxidant activities, the antioxidants were gradually separated from the crude sample of Astragalus altaicus Bunge by silica gel column chromatography and high-speed counter-current chromatography. Silica gel column chromatography separation was performed with chloroform, chloroform-methanol (100:1~5:1, v/v) and chloroform-methanol-water (5:1:0.1~2:1:0.1, v/v/v). High-speed counter-current chromatography separation was performed with a two-phase solvent system composed of ethyl acetate-n-butanol-water (2:1:6, v/v/v), which was successfully selected by thin layer chromatography analysis, at a flow rate of 1.5 mL/min. As a result, isorhamnetin-3-gentiobioside (20.8 mg), rutin (82.0 mg), and narcissin (12.8 mg) were obtained for the first time from 200 mg of the crude sample, ABS-5 of Astragalus altaicus Bunge. The purities were all at over 95% by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis, and their structures were unambiguously identified by mass spectroscopy, (1) H, and (13) C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Antioxidant activities of the three compounds were also assayed by in vitro ABTS [2,2'-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) diamonium salt] radical cation scavenging activity. Among them, rutin possessed the highest antioxidant capacity with SC(50) value of 22.15 μg/mL.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To establish a highly sensitive screening method for phytoestrogen active constituents and to primarily screen the phytoestrogenic active constituents from the chickpea extractions by the method.
Human ERalpha cDNA was cloned using MCF-7 total RNA as the template by RT-PCR and then was constructed into a pcDNA3 and named as pERalpha. The cell line MCF-7 was co-transfected with pERalpha and the reporter plasmid pERE-Luc which carrying the estrogen response element (ERE) plus the luciferase reporter gene. The luciferase activity was then assayed. The model was optimized by changing the ratio of two plasmids. The feasibility of the optimized model was further proved by the several known phytoestrogen compounds including fermononetin, biochanin A and genistein, et al. As an application of the model, the phytoestrogen activity of the extracts of the chickpea was assayed.
The recombinant plasmid (pERalpha) can enhance luciferase activities of pERE-Luc transfected MCF-7 cells. The highest transfection efficiency and luciferase activity were found at the ratio of 10:1 (pERE-Luc: pERalpha), the luciferase activity was improved five times as high as the unique pERE-Luc transfection. The co-transfection screening model also indicated that fermononetin, biochanin A and genistein could induce ERE-driven luciferase activity and ICI 182,780 suppressed the induced transcription. As the application of the model, the results showed that the ethanol (70%) total extraction, the ethyl acetate extraction and the ligarine extraction of the chickpea can induce ERE-driven luciferase activity. Concurrent treatment with ICI 182,780 abolished the induced luciferase activity.
A phytoestrogen active constituent screening mode have been established based on co-transfection method. It is sensitive to assay the phytoestrogen active constituents and can be applied to screen the active component of phytoestrogens.
Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica 09/2011; 36(18):2530-4. DOI:10.4268/cjcmm20111817