T Sullivan

University of Western Australia, Perth City, Western Australia, Australia

Are you T Sullivan?

Claim your profile

Publications (6)39.92 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess variation in peripheral blood B lymphocyte subsets in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). B lymphocyte subsets in disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD)-naïve patients with RA (n = 30), patients with RA treated with DMARDs (n = 73) and healthy controls (n = 46) were analyzed by flow cytometry. Total B cells, total memory B cells, immunoglobulin M (IgM) memory B cells, switched memory B cells, non-switched memory B cells, CD21lo B cells, transitional B cells and plasmablasts were measured. Correlation with clinical and laboratory parameters was performed. Total memory B cells, IgM memory B cells and non-switched memory B cells were reduced in RA patients at diagnosis compared to controls (P < 0.05). In patients with treated RA, there was a further reduction of total B cells, CD21lo cells, transitional B cells and plasmablasts, compared to controls (P < 0.05). The reduction in absolute numbers of total B cells, switched memory B cells, CD21lo cells, transitional B cells and plasmablasts in treated RA patients was significant (P < 0.05) even when compared to the DMARD-naïve patients. Only treatment responders (Disease Activity Score < 3.2) had reduced total B cells and absolute numbers of switched and IgM memory B cells (P < 0.05). In patients requiring leflunomide, total memory B cells, IgM memory B cells, non-switched memory B cells and absolute numbers of switched memory B cells were reduced compared with the remainder of the patient group (P < 0.05). There is reduction of various B cell subsets in RA patients at diagnosis. Treatment with DMARDs leads to further reduction in additional B cell subsets without correction of the abnormalities. Reduction in individual subsets may predict RA patients requiring more intensive therapy.
    International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases 03/2014; · 1.65 Impact Factor
  • Article: Reply.
    D J Palmer, T Sullivan, M Makrides
    Allergy 03/2014; 69(3):411-2. · 5.88 Impact Factor
  • Q U Lee, D J Palmer, T Sullivan, M Makrides
    Allergy 03/2014; 69(3):411-2. · 5.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Diets high in n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) may modulate the development of IgE-mediated allergic disease and have been proposed as a possible allergy prevention strategy. The aim of this study was to determine whether n-3 LCPUFA supplementation of pregnant women reduces IgE-mediated allergic disease in their children. Follow-up of children (n = 706) at hereditary risk of allergic disease in the Docosahexaenoic Acid to Optimise Mother Infant Outcome randomized controlled trial. The intervention group (n = 368) was randomly allocated to receive fish oil capsules (providing 900 mg of n-3 LCPUFA daily) from 21 weeks' gestation until birth; the control group (n = 338) received matched vegetable oil capsules without n-3 LCPUFA. The diagnosis of allergic disease was made during medical assessments at 1 and 3 years of age. No differences were seen in the overall percentage of children with IgE-mediated allergic disease in the first 3 years of life between the n-3 LCPUFA and control groups (64/368 (17.3%) vs 76/338 (22.6%); adjusted relative risk 0.78; 95% CI 0.58-1.06; P = 0.11). Eczema was the most common allergic disease; 13.8% of children in the n-3 LCPUFA group had eczema with sensitization compared with 19.0% in the control group (adjusted relative risk 0.75; 95% CI 0.53-1.05; P = 0.10). Overall, n-3 LCPUFA supplementation during pregnancy did not significantly reduce IgE-associated allergic disease in the first 3 years of life. Further studies should examine whether the nonsignificant reductions in IgE-associated allergies are of clinical and public health significance.
    Allergy 09/2013; · 5.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abnormalities in peripheral blood B cell subsets have been identified in common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) patients and classification systems based upon their numbers have been proposed to predict the clinical features. We analysed B lymphocyte subsets by multi-colour flow cytometry (MFC) in a cohort of well-characterized CVID patients to look at their clinical relevance and validate the published association of different classification criteria (Freiburg, Paris and Euroclass) with clinical manifestations. CVID patients had a reduced proportion of total and switched memory B cells (MBC, swMBC) compared to normal controls (P < 0·0006). Patients classified in Freiburg Ia had a higher prevalence of granulomatous diseases (P = 0·0034). The previously published associations with autoimmune diseases could not be confirmed. The Euroclass classification was not predictive of clinical phenotypes. The absolute numbers of all B cell subsets were reduced in CVID patients compared to controls. There was a significant linear correlation between low absolute total B cells and MBC with granulomatous disease (P < 0·05) and a trend towards lower B cells in patients with autoimmune diseases (P = 0·07). Absolute number of different B cell subsets may be more meaningful than their relative percentages in assessing the risk of granulomatous diseases and possibly autoimmunity.
    Clinical & Experimental Immunology 02/2012; 167(2):275-81. · 3.41 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine whether dietary n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) supplementation of pregnant women with a fetus at high risk of allergic disease reduces immunoglobulin E associated eczema or food allergy at 1 year of age. Follow-up of infants at high hereditary risk of allergic disease in the Docosahexaenoic Acid to Optimise Mother Infant Outcome (DOMInO) randomised controlled trial. Adelaide, South Australia. 706 infants at high hereditary risk of developing allergic disease whose mothers were participating in the DOMInO trial. The intervention group (n=368) was randomly allocated to receive fish oil capsules (providing 900 mg of n-3 LCPUFA daily) from 21 weeks' gestation until birth; the control group (n=338) received matched vegetable oil capsules without n-3 LCPUFA. Immunoglobulin E associated allergic disease (eczema or food allergy with sensitisation) at 1 year of age. No differences were seen in the overall percentage of infants with immunoglobulin E associated allergic disease between the n-3 LCPUFA and control groups (32/368 (9%) v 43/338 (13%); unadjusted relative risk 0.68, 95% confidence interval 0.43 to 1.05, P=0.08; adjusted relative risk 0.70, 0.45 to 1.09, P=0.12), although the percentage of infants diagnosed as having atopic eczema (that is, eczema with associated sensitisation) was lower in the n-3 LCPUFA group (26/368 (7%) v 39/338 (12%); unadjusted relative risk 0.61, 0.38 to 0.98, P=0.04; adjusted relative risk 0.64, 0.40 to 1.02, P=0.06). Fewer infants were sensitised to egg in the n-3 LCPUFA group (34/368 (9%) v 52/338 (15%); unadjusted relative risk 0.61, 0.40 to 0.91, P=0.02; adjusted relative risk 0.62, 0.41 to 0.93, P=0.02), but no difference between groups in immunoglobulin E associated food allergy was seen. n-3 LCPUFA supplementation in pregnancy did not reduce the overall incidence of immunoglobulin E associated allergies in the first year of life, although atopic eczema and egg sensitisation were lower. Longer term follow-up is needed to determine if supplementation has an effect on respiratory allergic diseases and aeroallergen sensitisation in childhood. Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12610000735055 (DOMInO trial: ACTRN12605000569606).
    BMJ (online) 01/2012; 344:e184. · 17.22 Impact Factor