ABSTRACT: A series of novel adamantane-substituted guanylhydrazones was synthesized and used in a study of inhibitory potential toward butyrylcholinesterase. The experimental results were further supported by using docking studies to examine the behavior of the inhibitors within the active site regions of the enzyme. The enzyme-inhibitor dissociation constants K(i) were determined from Hunter-Downs diagrams using Ellman's method for cholinesterase activity determination. Compounds 2-(N-guanidino)iminoadamantane hydrochloride (1) and 2,4-bis(N,N'-guanidino)iminoadamantane dihydrochloride (2) were found to be the best BChE inhibitors and their affinities for the enzyme active site were about five times higher compared to the enzyme peripheral site. The strongest interaction observed in complexes obtained by docking studies was the H-bond between the guanidine and the carboxylate of Glu199 and the second guanidine group in bisguanidine compounds was stabilized with additional H-bonds.
Bioorganic Chemistry 41-42:28-34. · 1.21 Impact Factor