[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Real-time cardiovascular magnetic resonance (rtCMR) is considered attractive for guiding TAVI. Owing to an unlimited scan plane orientation and an unsurpassed soft-tissue contrast with simultaneous device visualization, rtCMR is presumed to allow safe device navigation and to offer optimal orientation for precise axial positioning. We sought to evaluate the preclinical feasibility of rtCMR-guided transarterial aortic valve implatation (TAVI) using the nitinol-based Medtronic CoreValve bioprosthesis.
rtCMR-guided transfemoral (n = 2) and transsubclavian (n = 6) TAVI was performed in 8 swine using the original CoreValve prosthesis and a modified, CMR-compatible delivery catheter without ferromagnetic components.
rtCMR using TrueFISP sequences provided reliable imaging guidance during TAVI, which was successful in 6 swine. One transfemoral attempt failed due to unsuccessful aortic arch passage and one pericardial tamponade with subsequent death occurred as a result of ventricular perforation by the device tip due to an operating error, this complication being detected without delay by rtCMR. rtCMR allowed for a detailed, simultaneous visualization of the delivery system with the mounted stent-valve and the surrounding anatomy, resulting in improved visualization during navigation through the vasculature, passage of the aortic valve, and during placement and deployment of the stent-valve. Post-interventional success could be confirmed using ECG-triggered time-resolved cine-TrueFISP and flow-sensitive phase-contrast sequences. Intended valve position was confirmed by ex-vivo histology.
Our study shows that rtCMR-guided TAVI using the commercial CoreValve prosthesis in conjunction with a modified delivery system is feasible in swine, allowing improved procedural guidance including immediate detection of complications and direct functional assessment with reduction of radiation and omission of contrast media.
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 03/2012; 14:21. · 4.44 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Esophagectomy with gastric pull-up is the optimal treatment for patients with resectable esophageal cancer. Although the morbidity and mortality of an esophagectomy is reduced, the long-term outcome remains poor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the 10-year survival of a standardized multidisciplinary therapy concept for esophageal cancer.
Between 1989 and 1999, 114 patients were treated for esophageal cancer at the University of Essen. All patients underwent an en-bloc esophagectomy with systematic lymphadenectomy. Patients with locally advanced disease (stage III) received neoadjuvant therapy. All patients were followed-up for 10 years or more or until death.
The 3-year survival was 35%, the 5-year survival 25%, and the 10-year survival was 18%. The recurrence rate was 44% with a median time of 13 months. There was no significant difference in survival between patients with locally advanced disease who received neoadjuvant therapy and patients with early disease (stadium I + II) who underwent surgery alone. Of the patients who achieved 10-year survival, 60% had locally advanced disease and received neoadjuvant therapy.
Patients with locally advanced disease, managed by a multidisciplinary treatment strategy, achieved a similar long-term survival to patients with early disease (stadium I + II).
Journal of Surgical Oncology 09/2011; 105(3):284-7. · 2.64 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The risk for development of certain malignancies after transplantation is well known. Especially in premalignant lesions of the skin and colon, rapid progression is described. The aim of this study is to evaluate the progress of Barrett's mucosa to adenocarcinoma of the esophagus after liver transplantation.
Between 2000 and 2009, 895 patients underwent a liver transplantation in our department. All patients had an upper endoscopy as part of the evaluation before transplantation. Patients who had Barrett's mucosa described in their endoscopy report were identified. The records of these patients were retrospectively reviewed.
There were seven patients who had Barrett's mucosa in the preoperative endoscopy. Five of these patients (71%) developed an esophageal adenocarcinoma in a median time of 66 months after liver transplantation. One had stage II disease and four had stage III disease. Three of them underwent neoadjuvant therapy. All patients underwent an en bloc esophagectomy. One patient developed recurrent disease after 12 months and died 37 months after esophagectomy. The other four patients are still alive without recurrence and have a median survival of 16 months.
Esophageal cancer after liver transplantation is rare, whereas the risk for progression of Barrett's esophagus to adenocarcinoma is extremely high. Surveillance endoscopy with aggressive endoscopic treatment of the Barrett's is essential for these patients to prevent them from cancer death. Furthermore, immunosuppression therapy based on immunosuppressants with antitumoral effects should be preferred. The esophagectomy with neoadjuvant therapy is also in immunosuppressant patients feasible without increased risk for complications.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A model of orthotopic liver transplantation in swine was developed to investigate an advanced reperfusion approach. Thereby, we consciously disclaim otherwise commonly practiced venovenous bypass during the recipient operation.
Ten liver transplantations were performed according to the described technique without using venovenous bypass. In each swine the observation period was 48 h.
All transplantations were carried out after a median cold ischemic time of 307.5 min (295-340); the median warm ischemic time in these cases was 25 min (20-32). Eight of 10 swine survived 48 h after the operation.
Orthotopic liver transplantations in the recipient swine are feasible even without using venovenous bypass.
European Surgical Research 01/2010; 45(1):20-5. · 0.75 Impact Factor