Publications (2)0.86 Total impact
Article: [Sodium hydrosulfide improves cardiac functions and structures in rats with chronic heart failure].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To explore the effects of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), a hydrogen sulphide (H(2)S) donor, on cardiac functions and structures in rats with chronic heart failure induced by volume overload and examine its influence on cardiac remodelling. A total of 47 SD rats (120 - 140 g) were randomly divided into 5 groups:shunt group (n = 11), sham group (n = 8), shunt + NaHS group (n = 10), sham + NaHS group (n = 8) and shunt + phentolamine group (n = 10). The rat model of chronic heart failure was induced by abdominal aorta-inferior vena cava puncture. At Week 8 post-operation, hemodynamic parameters, microstructures and ultrastructures of myocardial tissues were analyzed. Extracellular collagen content in myocardial tissues was analyzed after Sirius red staining. Right ventricular hydroxyproline concentration was determined and compared. At Week 8 post-operation, compared with the sham operation and shunt + NaHS groups, the shunt group showed significantly increased right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and right ventricular end diastolic pressure (RVEDP) (mm Hg: 35.2 ± 3.9 vs 21.4 ± 3.7 and 28.1 ± 2.7, 32 ± 5 vs 21 ± 4 and 26 ± 4, all P < 0.05, 1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa). The RV peak rate of contraction and relaxation markedly decreased (RV ± dp/dt max) (mm Hg/s: 1528 ± 113 vs 2336 ± 185 and 1835 ± 132, 1331 ± 107 vs 2213 ± 212 and 1768 ± 116, all P < 0.05). It was found microscopically that myocardial fibers in the shunt group were irregularly arranged, partially cytolysis and infiltrated by inflammatory cells. Electron microscopy revealed that myocardial fibers thickened non-uniformly in the shunt group, some fiber mitochondria were highly swollen and contained vacuoles. And sarcoplasmic reticulum appeared slightly dilated. Polarized microscopy indicated that, collagen content (particularly type-I collagen) increased in the shunt group compared with the sham operation group. Additionally, compared with the shunt group, the shunt and NaHS treatment groups showed an amelioration of myocardial damage, an alleviation of myocardial fiber changes and a decrease in myocardial collagen content (particularly type-I collagen). Compared with the sham operation and shunt + NaHS groups, the shunt group displayed increased right ventricular hydroxyproline (mg×g(-1)·pro: 1.32 ± 0.25 vs 0.89 ± 0.18 and 0.83 ± 0.19, all P < 0.05). H(2)S may improve cardiac functions and ameliorate cardiac structures in rats with chronic heart failure probably through dilating the blood vessels and affecting the extracellular collagen metabolism.Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 11/2011; 91(43):3044-9.
Article: Changes in plasma hydrogen sulfide and nitric oxide levels and their clinical significance in children with Kawasaki disease.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cardiac involvement is the most common complication of Kawasaki disease (KD); however, the underlying mechanisms are not understood. The present study was designed to investigate changes in plasma hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) and nitric oxide (NO) levels in the acute and recovery stages of KD children and to examine their clinical significance. Thirty-five KD patients and 32 healthy children were enrolled in the study. KD patients were divided into two subgroups: a non-cardiac involvement group and a cardiac involvement group. Plasma H(2)S levels were measured using the sulfur-sensitive electrode method and plasma NO levels and NO synthase activity were determined using the nitrate reductase method both before and after intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) therapy. Plasma H(2)S levels significantly decreased in KD patients during the acute phase of the disease and NO levels were significantly increased, compared with the control group (P < 0.01). After treatment with IVIG, both plasma H(2)S and NO levels significantly increased (P < 0.01). The plasma levels of H(2)S were significantly lower in the cardiac involvement group compared with the non-cardiac involvement group (P < 0.05). H(2)S and NO may play a role in the pathophysiological process of inflammation during the acute phase of KD. Endogenous H(2)S may exert protective effects with respect to cardiac complications in KD.Chinese medical journal 11/2011; 124(21):3445-9. · 0.86 Impact Factor