Yang Bai

Fudan University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (4)15.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S)/cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE) pathway has been demonstrated to play vital roles in physiology and pathophysiology. However, its role in tumor cell proliferation remains largely unclear. Here we found that CSE over-expressed in hepatoma HepG2 and PLC/PRF/5 cells. Inhibition of endogenous H2S/CSE pathway drastically decreased the proliferation of HepG2 and PLC/PRF/5 cells, and it also enhanced ROS production and mitochondrial disruption, pronounced DNA damage and increased apoptosis. Moreover, this increase of apoptosis was associated with the activation of p53 and p21 accompanied by a decreased ratio of Bcl-2/Bax and up-regulation of phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and caspase-3 activity. In addition, the negative regulation of cell proliferation by inhibition of H2S/CSE system correlated with the blockage of cell mitogenic and survival signal transduction of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) via down-regulating the extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) activation. These results demonstrate that H2S/CSE and its downstream pathway contribute to the proliferation of hepatoma cells, and inhibition of this pathway strongly suppress the excessive growth of hepatoma cells by stimulating mitochondrial apoptosis and suppressing cell growth signal transduction.
    Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis 01/2014; · 3.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Irradiated cells can induce biological effects on vicinal non-irradiated bystander cells, meanwhile the bystander cells may rescue the irradiated cells through a feedback signal stress. To elucidate the nature of this reciprocal effect, we examined the interaction between α-irradiated human macrophage cells U937 and its bystander HL-7702 hepatocyte cells using a cell co-culture system. Results showed that after 6 h of cell co-culture, mitochondria depolarization corresponding to apoptosis was significantly induced in the HL-7702 cells, but the formation of micronuclei in the irradiated U937 cells was markedly decreased compared to that without cell co-culture treatment. This reciprocal effect was not observed when the cell membrane signaling pathway was blocked by filipin that inhibited cAMP transmission from bystander cells to irradiated cells. After treatment of cells with exogenous cAMP, forskolin (an activator of cAMP) or KH-7 (an inhibitor of cAMP), respectively, it was confirmed that cAMP communication from bystander cells to targeted cells could mitigate radiation damage in U739 cells, and this cAMP insufficiency in the bystander cells contributed to the enhancement of bystander apoptosis. Moreover, the bystander apoptosis in HL-7702 cells was aggravated by cAMP inhibition but it could not be evoked when p53 of HL-7702 cells was knocked down no matter of forskolin and KH-7 treatment. In conclusion, this study disclosed that cAMP could be released from bystander HL-7702 cells and compensated to α-irradiated U937 cells through a membrane signaling pathway and this cAMP communication played a profound role in regulating the reciprocal bystander effects.
    Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis 01/2014; · 3.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Radiation-induced liver cell damage may be life-threatening. Here, we investigated whether hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S)/cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE) pathway could serve the protective role toward radiation in normal human liver cells. Our data showed that pretreatment of cells with H(2)S donor, sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) significantly attenuated radiation induced micronuclei formation and improved cell viability. However, the use of dl-propargylglycine (PPG), a potent inhibitor of CSE, markedly enhanced the cell-killing effect induced by radiation. Exposure of cells to 2Gy γ-radiation led to significant increases of the endogenous H(2)S content. The mRNA and protein expressions of CSE also increased after radiation in a time-dependent manner, while the expression of cystathionine β-synthase (CBS), another endogenous H(2)S synthetase, did not change significantly. Notably, radiation induced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was significantly reversed by the pretreatment of NaHS, while blockage of CSE activity resulted in an enhanced ROS production in irradiated cells. Moreover, NaHS markedly suppressed radiation-induced phosphorylation of P53, decrease of Bcl-2/Bax, and activity of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB). In conclusion, our finding demonstrates that H(2)S/CSE pathway plays a radioprotection role by inhibiting radiation-induced ROS production, P53 phosphorylation, NF-κB activation and decrease of Bcl-2/Bax, indicating that modulation of H(2)S may be a novel protection strategy for liver radiation injury in radiotherapy.
    Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis 09/2012; · 3.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This work investigated the effects of chronic cadmium (Cd) exposure combined with γ-ray irradiation on the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of peripheral blood cells and bone marrow cells in rats. Results showed that when the rats were exposed to low dose (LD) Cd of 0.1mg CdCl₂/(kgd) for 8 and 12 weeks, the Cd concentration in blood reached to 135-140 μg/L and no toxic effects on peripheral blood lymphocytes, white blood cells (WBC) and granulocyte-monocyte (GM) progenitor cells were observed except polychromatic erythrocytes (PCE) of bone marrow. Moreover, this chronic LD Cd exposure significantly decreased irradiation-induced micronucleus (MN) formation and hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (hprt) mutation in lymphocytes and PCE, while the combination of LD Cd exposure and irradiation induced the additive metallothionein (MT) protein expression in bone marrow cells. When the rats were exposed to a high dose (HD) Cd of 0.5mg CdCl/₂(kgd) for 8 and 12 weeks, the blood Cd level approached to 458-613 μg/L and an inflammatory response was induced, meanwhile, MN formation and hprt mutation were markedly increased, and the ratio of PCE/NCE (normochromatic erythrocyte) was significantly decreased. Furthermore, when the rats were exposed to HD Cd plus 2 Gy irradiation, additive toxic effects on MN formation, hprt mutation, PCE damage and GM progenitor cell proliferation were observed, while this combination treatment resulted in an obvious reduction of MT protein compared to HD Cd group. In conclusion, chronic exposure to LD Cd induced the adaptive response to irradiation in the genotoxicity of peripheral blood lymphocytes and PCE of bone marrow by the up-regulation of Cd-induced MT protein, but the combination of HD Cd exposure and irradiation generated the additive effects on the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in peripheral blood lymphocytes and bone marrow cells.
    Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis 03/2012; 743(1-2):67-74. · 3.90 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

15.61 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2014
    • Fudan University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China