[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Germ cell cancer (GCC) is curable in metastatic stages. The International Germ Cell Cancer Collaborative Group (IGCCCG) reports a poor prognosis subgroup with a 5-year survival of 48%. High-dose chemotherapy with PBSC transplantation (HD-PBSCT) in these patients showed promising results in phase II, but failed to show significant advantage in randomized trials. We report our monocenter series of all poor and selected intermediate prognosis germ cell tumor patients treated with multiple-course HD-PBSCT and secondary surgery of remaining tissue. We performed a retrospective analysis of our complete series of 44 patients (40 poor prognosis and 4 intermediate prognosis) treated by HD-PBSCT as part of first-line therapy from 1999 to 2010. The CR rate after up to four cycles of HD-PBSCT and radical resection of residual manifestations was 73%. The 3-year survival rate was 79.5% (median follow-up of 51.5 months; range: 7-143 months). Disease-related death rate was 16%. HD-PBSCT-related death did not occur. One patient died postsurgery. Multiple courses of HD-PBSCT with radical secondary surgery is safe and effective in poor prognosis metastatic GCC. Despite disappointing phase III studies it is of high interest to further study this field.
Bone marrow transplantation 02/2012; 47(10):1321-5. · 3.00 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose Resection is generally considered the gold standard for treatment of low-grade (WHO grades I and II) gliomas (LGGs) in childhood. However, approximately 30% to 50% of these tumors are inoperable because of their localization in highly eloquent brain areas. A few reports have suggested stereotactic brachytherapy (SBT) with implantation of iodine-125 (125I) seeds as a safe and effective local treatment alternative. This single-center study provides a summary of the long-term outcome after SBT in one of the largest reported patient series.
Patients and Methods All pediatric patients treated with SBT (125I seeds; cumulative therapeutic dose 50-65 Gy within 9 months) by our group for LGG with follow-up of more than 6 months were included. Clinical and radiologic outcome, time to progression, and overall survival were evaluated. Prognostic factors (age, sex, Karnofsky performance score, tumor volume, and histology) for survival and disease progression were investigated.
Results In all, 147 of 160 pediatric patients treated with SBT (from 1982 through 2009) were analyzed in detail. Procedure-related mortality was zero, and the 30-day morbidity was transient and low (5.4%). Survival rates at 5 and 10 years were 93%, and 82%, respectively, with no significant difference between WHO grades I and II tumors (median follow-up, 67.1 ± 57.7 months). Twenty-one (14.8%) of 147 patients presented with tumor relapse. The remaining 126 patients revealed complete response in 24.6%, partial response in 31.0%, and stable disease in 29.6%. Neurologic status improved (57.8%) or remained stable (23.0%). None of the evaluated factors had significant impact on the study's end points except tumor volume more than 15 mL, which caused significantly higher rates of tumor recurrence (P < .05).
Conclusion We demonstrate that SBT represents a safe, minimally invasive, and highly effective local treatment option for pediatric patients with inoperable LGG WHO grades I and II.
Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2011; vol. 29(no. 31-JCO November 1, 2011 vol. 29 no. 31 4151-4159):4151-4159. · 18.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare stereotactic brachytherapy (SBT) with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for treating singular cerebral metastases, regarding feasibility, complications, cerebral disease control, and survival.
For this retrospective, single-center study, all patients treated for newly diagnosed, untreated singular cerebral metastasis with SBT using (125)iodine seeds (cumulative tumor surface dose 50 Gy, applied for 42 days) were compared with patients receiving LINAC-based SRS for the same indication. Survival and actuarial local and distant disease control were evaluated using univariate Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox regression. Results were compared using Student's t test and the χ2 test.
A total of 142 patients treated with SRS were compared with 77 patients undergoing SBT. No significant differences were observed between epidemiological and disease-related features (p > 0.05), except a lower KPS (p < 0.007) and a larger tumor volume (p < 0.001) in the SBT group. Neither median survival (LINAC-SRS vs. SBT = 8.1 vs. 8.0 months, respectively) nor actuarial local/distant cerebral disease control after 12 months showed significant differences (93.6% vs. 96.7% / 42.4% vs. 46.4%). There was no treatment-related mortality and no permanent grade 3 or 4 CNS toxicity (RTOG/EORTC CNS toxicity criteria).
For the treatment of singular cerebral metastasis, SBT represents a safe, minimally invasive, and effective local treatment option with results comparable to SRS regarding survival and cerebral disease control. Its advantage is that it allows histological (re-)evaluation and treatment within one stereotactic procedure and, compared to microneurosurgery, is almost unrestricted regarding tumor localization. Furthermore, larger metastases can be treated than with SRS. SBT, therefore, represents an alternative local treatment in selected cases.
Strahlentherapie und Onkologie 01/2011; 187(1):7-14. · 4.16 Impact Factor