Hepatology 06/2012; · 11.66 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: In patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, several variants of the interleukin-28B (IL28B) gene have been shown to correlate significantly with a sustained virologic response (SVR). Recent evidence shows that determination of one single IL28B polymorphism, rs12979860, is sufficient for predicting treatment outcome. We examined whether the combined determination of the IL28B single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs12979860, rs8099917, rs12980275, and rs8103142, might improve the prediction of SVR in patients with HCV. In the study cohort, 54% of 942 patients with chronic HCV type 1 infection had SVR. The IL28B SNPs, rs12979860CC and rs8099917TT, correlated significantly with SVR (68% and 62%). The SNPs, rs12980275 and rs8103142, were in strong linkage disequilibrium with rs12979860 and were not included in further analysis. In homozygous carriers of the rs12979860 responder allele C, additional genotyping of the rs8099917 SNP had no effect on response prediction, whereas in carriers of the rs12979860 nonresponder allele, the rs8099917 SNP improved the response prediction. In heterozygous carriers of the rs12979860 nonresponder T allele, SVR rates were 55% in the presence of the rs8099917TT genotype and 40% in patients carrying the rs8099917 TG or GG genotype. Analysis of an independent confirmation cohort of 377 HCV type 1-infected patients verified the significant difference in SVR rates between the combined genotypes, rs12979860CT/rs8099917TT and rs12979860CT/rs8099917TG (38% versus 21%; P = 0.018). Conclusion: Treatment outcome prediction could not be improved in homozygous carriers of the IL28B rs12979860 C responder allele by the additional determination of the rs8099917 SNP. There is evidence that a significant proportion of heterozygous carriers of the rs12979860 T nonresponder allele can profit with respect to SVR prediction by further determination of the rs8099917 SNP. (HEPATOLOGY 2012;55:1700-1710).
Hepatology 01/2012; 55(6):1700-10. · 11.66 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is an inflammatory disease that in some patients leads to exocrine and endocrine dysfunction. In industrialized countries the most common aetiology is chronic alcohol abuse. Descriptions of associated genetic alterations in alcoholic CP are rare. However, a common PNPLA3 variant (p.I148M) is associated with the development of alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC). Since, alcoholic CP and ALC share the same aetiology PNPLA3 variant (p.I148M) possibly influences the development of alcoholic CP.
Using melting curve analysis we genotyped the variant in 1510 patients with pancreatitis or liver disease (961 German and Dutch alcoholic CP patients, 414 German patients with idiopathic or hereditary CP, and 135 patients with ALC). In addition, we included in total 2781 healthy controls in the study.
The previously published overrepresentation of GG-genotype was replicated in our cohort of ALC (p-value <0.0001, OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.6-3.3). Distributions of genotype and allele frequencies of the p.I148M variant were comparable in patients with alcoholic CP, idiopathic and hereditary CP and in healthy controls.
The absence of an association of PNPLA3 p.I148M with alcoholic CP seems not to point to a common pathway in the development of alcoholic CP and alcoholic liver cirrhosis.
PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(1):e29433. · 4.09 Impact Factor