[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Tofacitinib, a novel, oral Janus kinase inhibitor, demonstrated a dose-dependent efficacy for induction of clinical response and remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC). The objective of the current study was to determine the effect of tofacitinib on patient-reported outcomes (PROs).Methods
Eligible patients (¿18 years of age) with a diagnosis of active UC (total Mayo score of 6-12 points and moderately-to-severely active disease on sigmoidoscopy) were randomized in a 2:2:2:3:3 ratio to receive oral tofacitinib 0.5 mg, 3 mg, 10 mg, or 15 mg, or placebo twice daily (BID) for 8 weeks. PROs were assessed by the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ) and the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patient-Reported Treatment Impact (IBD PRTI) survey.ResultsAt Week 8, mean IBDQ total scores had improved relative to baseline across all five treatment groups (baseline range 123.2-134.5; Week 8 range 149.6-175.4). Improvement from baseline was significantly greater (P¿=¿0.001) for tofacitinib 15 mg BID versus placebo. For tofacitinib 15 mg BID, most patients reported satisfaction or extreme satisfaction, definite preference for tofacitinib, and definite willingness to use tofacitinib again on the IBD PRTI at week 8. Patients achieving endoscopic remission (Mayo endoscopy score of 0) had significantly higher IBDQ scores and favorable PRTI scores than those not achieving endoscopic remission.Conclusions
Short-term treatment with tofacitinib BID was associated with dose-dependent improvement in health-related quality of life and patient preferences for tofacitinib. The results complement previously reported efficacy and safety data for the Phase II study. (NCT 00787202, November 6, 2008).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives:Measurement of the component of fibrosis in Crohn's disease (CD) may have important therapeutic implications. The aim of this study was to characterize the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) findings that are differentially associated with the presence of fibrosis and those associated with inflammatory activity, using the pathological analysis of surgically resected intestinal lesions as reference standard.Methods:MRI studies with identical imaging protocol of 41 CD patients who underwent elective bowel resection within 4 months before surgery were reviewed. MRI evaluated wall thickening, edema, ulcers, signal intensity at submucosa at 70 s and 7 min after gadolinium injection, stenosis, and pattern of enhancement in each phase of the dynamic study and changes on this pattern over time. Pathological inflammatory and fibrosis scores were classified into three grades of severity.Results:In all, 44 segments from 41 patients were analyzed. The pathological intensity of inflammation was associated with the following MRI parameters: hypersignal on T2 (P=0.02), mucosal enhancement (P=0.03), ulcerations (P=0.01), and blurred margins (P=0.05). The degree of fibrosis correlated with the percentage of enhancement gain (P<0.01), the pattern of enhancement at 7 min (P<0.01), and the presence of stenosis (P=0.05). Using percentage of enhancement gain, MRI is able to discriminate between mild-moderate and severe fibrosis deposition with a sensitivity of 0.94 and a specificity of 0.89.Conclusions:MRI is accurate for detecting the presence of severe fibrosis in CD lesions on the basis of the enhancement pattern.Am J Gastroenterol advance online publication, 27 January 2015; doi:10.1038/ajg.2014.424.
The American Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2015; 110(3). DOI:10.1038/ajg.2014.424 · 9.21 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Interleukin 13 (IL-13) is thought to play a key role as an effector cytokine in UC. Anrukinzumab, a humanised antibody that inhibits human IL-13, was evaluated for the treatment of UC.
In a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, patients with active UC (Mayo score ≥4 and <10) were randomised to anrukinzumab 200, 400 or 600 mg or placebo. Patients received five intravenous administrations over 14 weeks. The primary endpoint was fold change from baseline in faecal calprotectin (FC) at Week 14. Secondary endpoints included safety, pharmacokinetics and IL-13 levels.
The modified intention-to-treat population included 84 patients (21 patients/arm). Fold change of FC from baseline at Week 14 was not significantly different for any treatment groups compared with the placebo. The study had a high dropout rate, in part, related to lack of efficacy. The exploratory comparisons of each dose were not significantly different from placebo in terms of change from baseline in total Mayo score, clinical response, clinical remission and proportion of subjects with mucosal healing. An increase in serum total IL-13 (free and bound to anrukinzumab) was observed for all anrukinzumab groups but not with placebo. This suggests significant binding of anrukinzumab to IL-13. The safety profile was not different between the anrukinzumab and placebo groups.
A statistically significant therapeutic effect of anrukinzumab could not be demonstrated in patients with active UC in spite of binding of anrukinzumab to IL-13.
ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT01284062.
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Gut 01/2015; 64(6). DOI:10.1136/gutjnl-2014-308337 · 13.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract The purpose of this review is to provide a practical appraisal of the usefulness of magnetic resonance enterography in the management of Crohn's disease and the potential utilities that this imaging modality may have in clinical research. Also, we review some basic technical considerations that clinicians should know to understand the value and limitations of the technique. Lastly, we outline the future trends and potential contributions of new technological advances in the field of magnetic resonance imaging that can improve the classic magnetic resonance enterography technique.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective Severe endoscopic lesions (SEL) in patients with colonic Crohn's disease (CD) have been linked to higher risk of colectomy. The aims of this study were to reassess the predictive value of colonoscopy compared against MRI for requirement of resection surgery in patients with CD and determine the influence of current therapeutic options.
Design In this single-centre, observational, prospective, longitudinal study, patients with an established diagnosis of CD and suspected activity were included. After baseline assessment, including colonoscopy and MRI, patients were followed until resection surgery or the end of study.
Results 112 patients were eligible for analysis. Ulcers were present in 94/112 (84%) of patients at colonoscopy (SELs in 51/112 (46%)) and stenosis in 38/112 (34%). MRI identified ulcers in 79/112 (71%) of patients, stenosis in 36/112 (32%) and intra-abdominal fistulae in 20/112 (18%). Surgical resection requirements (29/112 (26%)) were not associated with the presence of SELs at colonoscopy. The presence of stenosis (p<0.001) or intra-abdominal fistulae (p<0.001) at MRI correlated with a higher risk of surgery. In the multivariate analysis, perianal disease (OR 9 (2 to 39), p=0.003), stenosis (OR 3.4 (1 to 11), p=0.04) and fistulae at MRI (OR 10.6 (2 to 46), p=0.002) increased the risk of abdominal resection surgery, while months under immunomodulators (OR 0.94 (0.90 to 0.98), p=0.002) and/or antitumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy (OR 0.97 (0.94 to 1), p=0.04) during follow-up decreased this risk.
Conclusions Perianal disease, stenosis and/or intra-abdominal fistulae at MRI independently predict an increased risk of resection surgery in patients with CD, whereas immunosuppressants and/or anti-TNF therapy reduce such risk. Under current therapeutic strategies, the presence of SELs is not a predictor of resection surgery in patients with CD.
Gut 12/2014; 64(9). DOI:10.1136/gutjnl-2014-308101 · 13.32 Impact Factor