Miguel Gozalo-Marcilla

Ghent University, Gand, Flanders, Belgium

Are you Miguel Gozalo-Marcilla?

Claim your profile

Publications (4)6.74 Total impact

  • Miguel Gozalo-Marcilla, Frank Gasthuys, Stijn Schauvliege
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To review the literature with regard to the use of different intravenous agents as supplements to inhalational anaesthesia in horses. The Part 2 of this review will focus in the use of opioids and α2 -agonists.
    Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 07/2014; · 1.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Twenty adult healthy horses undergoing elective surgery were involved in this prospective, blinded, clinical study. Horses were randomly allocated to receive a constant rate infusion (CRI) of morphine or dexmedetomidine. After induction, anaesthesia was maintained with isoflurane in oxygen/air and mechanical ventilation applied. The end-tidal isoflurane concentration (FÉISO) was initially set at 0.9% and adjusted by the anaesthetist, to maintain a light surgical plane of anaesthesia, according to an objective flow-chart. The cardiopulmonary function was only minimally different between groups and maintained within clinically normal ranges. Less ketamine was required, FÉISO was lower after 1h and fewer alterations in the anaesthetic depth were needed in horses receiving dexmedetomidine, with better recoveries. One horse receiving morphine developed post-operative colic and pulmonary oedema and two showed box-walking behaviour. This study showed that a dexmedetomidine CRI produced a more stable anaesthetic depth, reduced isoflurane requirements and better recoveries, without post-operative complications compared with a morphine CRI.
    Research in Veterinary Science 10/2013; · 1.77 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To compare the effects of a constant rate infusion (CRI) of dexmedetomidine and morphine to those of morphine alone on the minimum end-tidal sevoflurane concentration necessary to prevent movement (MACNM ) in ponies. Prospective, randomized, crossover, 'blinded', experimental study. Five healthy adult gelding ponies were anaesthetized twice with a 3-week washout period. After induction of anaesthesia with sevoflurane in oxygen (via nasotracheal tube), the ponies were positioned on a surgical table (T0), and anaesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane (Fe'SEVO 2.5%) in 55% oxygen. Monitoring included pulse oximetry, electrocardiography and measurement of anaesthetic gases, arterial blood pressure and body temperature. The ponies were mechanically ventilated and randomly allocated to receive IV treatment M [morphine 0.15 mg kg(-1) (T10-T15) followed by a CRI (0.1 mg kg(-1) hour(-1) )] or treatment DM [dexmedetomidine 3.5 μg kg(-1) plus morphine 0.15 mg kg(-1) (T10-T15) followed by a CRI of dexmedetomidine 1.75 μg kg(-1) hour(-1) and morphine 0.1 mg kg(-1) hour(-1) ]. At T60, a stepwise MACNM determination was initiated using constant current electrical stimuli at the skin of the lateral pastern region. Triplicate MACNM estimations were obtained and then averaged in each pony. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to detect differences in MAC between treatments (α = 0.05). Sevoflurane-morphine MACNM values (median (range) and mean ± SD) were 2.56 (2.01-4.07) and 2.79 ± 0.73%. The addition of a continuous infusion of dexmedetomidine significantly reduced sevoflurane MACNM values to 0.89 (0.62-1.05) and 0.89 ± 0.22% (mean MACNM reduction 67 ± 11%). Co-administration of dexmedetomidine and morphine CRIs significantly reduced the MACNM of sevoflurane compared with a CRI of morphine alone at the reported doses.
    Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 09/2013; · 1.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Reasons for performing study: Dexmedetomidine has been administered in the equine as a constant-rate infusion (CRI) during inhalation anaesthesia, preserving optimal cardiopulmonary function with calm and coordinated recoveries. Inhalant anaesthetic sparing effects have been demonstrated in other species, but not in horses. Objectives: To determine the effects of a CRI of dexmedetomidine on the minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane in ponies. Methods: Six healthy adult ponies were involved in this prospective, randomised, crossover, blinded, experimental study. Each pony was anaesthetised twice (3 weeks washout period). After induction with sevoflurane in oxygen (via nasotracheal tube), the ponies were positioned on a surgical table (T0), and anaesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane (expired sevoflurane fraction 2.5%) in 55% oxygen. The ponies were randomly allocated to treatment D (dexmedetomidine 3.5 µg/kg bwt i.v. [T10-T15] followed by a CRI of dexmedetomidine at 1.75 µg/kg bwt/h) or treatment S (bolus and CRI of saline at the same volume and rate as treatment D). After T60, MAC determination, using a classic bracketing technique, was initiated. Stimuli consisted of constant-current electrical stimuli at the skin of the lateral pastern region. Triplicate MAC estimations were obtained and averaged in each pony. Monitoring included pulse oximetry, electrocardiography, anaesthetic gas monitoring, arterial blood pressure measurement and arterial blood gases. Normocapnia was maintained by mechanical ventilation. Analysis of variance (treatment and period as fixed factors) was used to detect differences between treatments (α= 0.05). Results: An intravenous (i.v.) dexmedetomidine CRI decreased mean ± s.d. sevoflurane MAC from 2.42 ± 0.55 to 1.07 ± 0.21% (mean MAC reduction 53 ± 15%). Conclusions and potential relevance: A dexmedetomidine CRI at the reported dose significantly reduces the MAC of sevoflurane.
    Equine Veterinary Journal 08/2012; · 2.29 Impact Factor