[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sepsis is one of the main causes of death for non-coronary ICU (Intensive Care Unit) patients and has become the 10th most common cause of death in western societies. This is a transversal condition affecting immunocompromised patients, critically ill patients, post-surgery patients, patients with AIDS, and the elderly. In western countries, septic patients account for as much as 25% of ICU bed utilization and the pathology affects 1–2% of all hospitalizations. Its mortality rates range from 12.8% for sepsis to 45.7% for septic shock.The prediction of mortality caused by sepsis is, therefore, a relevant research challenge from a medical viewpoint. The clinical indicators currently in use for this type of prediction have been criticized for their poor prognostic significance. In this study, we redescribe sepsis indicators through latent model-based feature extraction, using factor analysis. These extracted indicators are then applied to the prediction of mortality caused by sepsis. The reported results show that the proposed method improves on the results obtained with the current standard mortality predictor, which is based on the APACHE II score.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sepsis is a transversal pathology and one of the main causes of death at the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). It has in fact become the tenth most common cause of death in western societies. Its mortality rates can reach up to 45.7% for septic shock, its most acute manifestation. For these reasons, the prediction of the mortality caused by sepsis is an open and relevant medical research challenge. This problem requires prediction methods that are robust and accurate, but also readily interpretable. This is paramount if they are to be used in the demanding context of real-time decision making at the ICU. In this brief paper, such a method is presented. It is based on a variant of the well-known support vector machine (SVM) model and provides an automated ranking of relevance of the mortality predictors. The reported results show that it outperforms in terms of accuracy alternative techniques currently in use, while simultaneously assessing the relative impact of individual pathology indicators.
Conference proceedings: ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference 08/2011; 2011:100-3.
Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence and Data Mining, CIDM 2011, part of the IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence 2011, April 11-15, 2011, Paris, France; 01/2011