Publications (3)0 Total impact
Conference Proceeding: Integrating human swarm interaction in a distributed robotic control system.IEEE Conference on Automation Science and Engineering, CASE 2011, Trieste, Italy, Aug. 24-27, 2011; 01/2011
Conference Proceeding: Enzymatic numerical P systems - a new class of membrane computing systems.Fifth International Conference on Bio-Inspired Computing: Theories and Applications, BIC-TA 2010, University of Hunan, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, United Kingdom / Changsha, China, September 8-10 and September 23-26, 2010; 01/2010
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ABSTRACT: Ecology is a challenging application area for mobile service robots. They should be able to automate tasks that are too tedious or dangerous for humans to execute, such as collecting waste material. Such a robot must make use of several senses, of which the most important and difficult to implement is vision. This paper presents the cognitive vision system of ReMaster One, an autonomous service robot that is able to recognize and sort waste in an indoor environment. A first prototype has been built and tested with success. ↵ Keywords: service robot, ecology, cognitive vision ↵ ↵ ↵ ↵ 1. INTRODUCTION ↵ Over the last 15 years there has been significant progress in the fields of artificial intelligence, computer perception, machine learning and robotics. Yet there has been only minor progress on truly cognitive systems. There are numerous definitions for a "cognitive system". A recent debate on this topic has attracted more than 40 different answers to "What is a cognitive system?" question (http://www.eucognition.org/wiki/). For example, "cognition is a process of search for an appropriate action by an intelligent agent. An (artificial) cognitive system is one that uses intelligent control, generally modelled on high-level biological intelligent systems; common features are memory, learning, and a capacity for planning" (Joanna Bryson). Or, "cognition is the ability to plan, reason, adapt and act according to high level motivations or goals and using a range of senses, typically including vision, and may be communicate" (Patrick Courtney). Cognition can also be interpreted as "generation of knowledge on the basis of perception, reasoning, learning and prior models" (Christensen, 2003, pp. 17-18).