[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report the purification and characterization of a protein from the membrane fraction of Pseudomonas aeruginosa showing intrinsic guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) activity. The protein was purified as a 48-kDa polypeptide capable of binding and hydrolyzing GTP. The N-terminal sequence of the purified protein revealed its similarity to the Escherichia coli Ras-like protein (Era), and the protein cross-reacted with anti-Era antibodies. This protein was named Pseudomonas Ras-like protein (Pra). Anti-Pra antibodies also cross-reacted with E. coli Era protein. Pra is autophosphorylated in vitro, with phosphotransfer of the terminal phosphate from [gamma-32P]GTP but not [gamma-32P]ATP. Pra is capable of complex formation with the truncated 12-kDa form of nucleoside diphosphate kinase (Ndk) but not with the 16-kDa form. Purified Pra was also shown to physically interact with pyruvate kinase (Pk); Pk and Pra can form a complex, but when the 12-kDa Ndk, Pk, and Pra are all present, Pk has a higher affinity than Pra for forming a complex with the 12-kDa Ndk. The 12-kDa Ndk-Pra complex catalyzed increased synthesis of GTP and dGTP and diminished synthesis of CTP and UTP or dCTP and dTTP relative to their synthesis by uncomplexed Ndk. Moreover, the complex of Pra with Pk resulted in the specific synthesis of GTP as well when Pra was present in concentrations in excess of that of Pk. Membrane fractions from cells harvested in the mid-log phase demonstrated very little nucleoside triphosphate (NTP)-synthesizing activity and no detectable Ndk. Membranes from cells harvested at late exponential phase showed NTP-synthesizing activity and the physical presence of Ndk but not of Pk or Pra. In contrast, membrane fractions of cells harvested at early to late stationary phase showed predominant GTP synthesis and the presence of increasing amounts of Pk and Pra. It is likely that the association of Pra with Ndk and/or Pk restricts its intrinsic GTPase activity, which may modulate stationary-phase gene expression and the survival of P. aeruginosa by modulating the level of GTP.
Journal of Bacteriology 05/1997; 179(7):2181-8. · 3.19 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report the cloning and determination of the nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding nucleoside diphosphate kinase (Ndk) from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The amino acid sequence of Ndk was highly homologous with other known bacterial and eukaryotic Ndks (39.9 to 58.3% amino acid identity). We have previously reported that P. aeruginosa strains with mutations in the genes algR2 and algR2 algH produce extremely low levels of Ndk and, as a consequence, are defective in their ability to grow in the presence of Tween 20, a detergent that inhibits a kinase which can substitute for Ndk. Hyperexpression of ndk from the clone pGWS95 in trans in the P. aeruginosa algR2 and algR2 algH double mutant restored Ndk production to levels which equalled or exceeded wild-type levels and enabled these strains to grow in the presence of Tween 20. Hyperexpression of ndk from pGWS95 in the P. aeruginosa algR2 mutant also restored alginate production to levels that were approximately 60% of wild type. Nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity was present in both the cytosolic and membrane-associated fractions of P. aeruginosa. The cytosolic Ndk was non-specific in its transfer activity of the terminal phosphate from ATP to other nucleoside diphosphates. However, the membrane form of Ndk was more active in the transfer of the terminal phosphate from ATP to GDP resulting in the predominant formation of GTP. We report in this work that pyruvate kinase and Ndk form a complex which alters the specificity of Ndk substantially to GTP. The significance of GTP in signal transduction events within the cell and in the production of GDP-mannose, an essential alginate precursor, clearly indicates the importance of Ndk in cellular processes as well as in alginate synthesis.