Yue Zhuo

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States

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Publications (3)0 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Much progress has been made in the design of efficient acquisition trajectories for high spatial and temporal resolution in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Additionally, significant developments in image reconstruction have enabled the reconstruction of reasonable images from massively undersampled or noisy data that is corrupted by a variety of physical effects, including magnetic field inhomogeneity. Translation of these techniques into clinical imaging has been impeded by the need for expertise and computational facilities to realize the potential of these methods. We present the Illinois Massively Parallel Acceleration Toolkit for Image reconstruction with ENhanced Throughput in MRI (IMPATIENT MRI), a reconstruction utility that enables advanced techniques within clinically relevant computation times by using the computational power available in low-cost graphics processing cards.
    Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, 2011 IEEE International Symposium on; 05/2011
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    ABSTRACT: Regularization is a common technique used to improve image quality in inverse problems such as MR image reconstruction. In this work, we extend our previous Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) implementation of MR image reconstruction with compensation for susceptibility-induced field inhomogeneity effects by incorporating an additional quadratic regularization term. Regularization techniques commonly impose the prior information that MR images are relatively smooth by penalizing large changes in intensity between neighboring voxels. However, the associated computations often increase data access and the overall computational load, which can lead to slower image reconstruction. This motivates us to adopt a GPU-enabled implementation of spatial regularization using sparse matrices. This implementation enables the computations for the entire reconstruction procedure to be done on the GPU, which avoids the memory bandwidth bottlenecks associated with frequent communications between the GPU and CPU. Both the CPU and GPU code of this implementation will be available for release at the time of the conference.
    Biomedical Engineering and Informatics (BMEI), 2010 3rd International Conference on; 11/2010
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    ABSTRACT: We propose a fast implementation for iterative MR image reconstruction using Graphics Processing Units (GPU). In MRI, iterative reconstruction with conjugate gradient algorithms allows for accurate modeling the physics of the imaging system. Specifically, methods have been reported to compensate for the magnetic field inhomogeneity induced by the susceptibility differences near the air/tissue interface in human brain (such as orbitofrontal cortex). Our group has previously presented an algorithm for field inhomogeneity compensation using magnetic field map and its gradients. However, classical iterative reconstruction algorithms are computationally costly, and thus significantly increase the computation time. To remedy this problem, one can utilize the fact that these iterative MR image reconstruction algorithms are highly parallelizable. Therefore, parallel computational hardware, such as GPU, can dramatically improve their performance. In this work, we present an implementation of our field inhomogeneity compensation technique using NVIDA CUDA(Compute Unified Device Architecture)-enabled GPU. We show that the proposed implementation significantly reduces the computation times around two orders of magnitude (compared with non-GPU implementation) while accurately compensating for field inhomogeneity.
    Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, 2010 IEEE International Symposium on; 05/2010