[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article describes an investigation into the feasibility of using contextual reasoning to monitor and supervise the collaborative work of several knowledge workers working together on a project. Managing large and complex projects is a difficult task that requires situational awareness by the project manager to be able to be proactive when possible and to react correctly in the presence of events. In complex projects, effective oversight of the project personnel and the progress of the project are essential in ensuring that project objectives are met. This is especially true of projects that require contributions from various experts, whose interaction may be limited to a Web-based collaborative tool. Such oversight is typically the job of a project manager who is tasked with avoiding cost overruns, shipment delays, and ensuring product effectiveness. We utilize context-based reasoning and contextual graphs as the tools of choice for implementing an agent that emulates the function of a competent project manager. We use rocket design and manufacture as the domain to evaluate our technique. We use a public domain rocket design software package developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as a guide to the domain. The article describes the investigation, its results, and the related works in a collaborative design project.
Artificial intelligence for engineering design analysis and manufacturing 01/2011; 25:25-40. · 0.41 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper describes a research project that investigated the feasibility of using contextual reasoning to supervise the collaborative work of knowledge workers. In complex projects that require contributions from various experts but whose interaction may be limited to a web-based collaborative tool, proper management of the project is essential to ensure that the project objectives are met. This is typically the job of a project manager. We assert that having situational awareness is likewise essential to managing a project, and we utilize Context-based Reasoning (CxBR) as the tool of choice for implementing situational awareness in an agent that assists project managers. We use rocket design and manufacture as the domain to evaluate our approach. We make use of public domain rocket design software developed by NASA as a guide to the domain. The paper describes the investigation and the related works involved in collaborative design project, as embodied by designing and building a small rocket.
Proceedings of the Twenty-First International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference, May 15-17, 2008, Coconut Grove, Florida, USA; 01/2008
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In order to make CSCW (Computer Supported Cooperative Works) more intelligent and dependable, the usefulness of contextual reasoning is discussed in this paper. To ensure the project objectives are met, a project manager (PM) maintaining control of the project plays much important roles in complex projects where interaction may be limited to a web-based collaborative tool. In such limitations, he should more strongly help avoid cost overruns, shipment delays, but most importantly, product performance including product reliability. We utilize Context-based Reasoning (CxBR) for implementing such control measures as typically used by competent PMs. A rocket development project is used as the domain to evaluate our technique, using NASA’s open software for rocket design. Through the experimental evaluation, the easiness of validation and refinement of Knowledge represented by CxBR is clarified. As well, this Knowledge representation is expected to be effective even for building a web-based complex and intelligent CSCW system where biological sensor fusions are included for situational assessment to aim at the further reliable collaboration support that can avoid such as misunderstanding, mishearing, etc.
Signal-Image Technologies and Internet-Based System, International IEEE Conference on. 01/2008;
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Decision support systems that capture, preserve, and reuse implicit knowledge can greatly benefit from explicitly using context. The development of this type of system can benefit from a context-based knowledge representation paradigm to be effective in real-world applications. This paper describes how the implementation of the contextual graphs formalism in the AlexDSS system addresses the system's use of context. Contextual graph's explicit use of context combats the common user interaction problems of irrelevancy and redundancy that plague knowledge-based systems. The development of AlexDSS supports the notion that the contextual graph's formalism is a viable solution for a real- world decision support system. This paper discusses how contextual graphs are employed in decision support systems.
Proceedings of the Nineteenth International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference, Melbourne Beach, Florida, USA, May 11-13, 2006; 01/2006