Pierre Lorrentz

University of Essex, Colchester, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (9)3.92 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Traditional artificial neural architectures possess limited ability to address the scale problem exhibited by a large number of distinct pattern classes and limited training data. To address these problems, this paper explores a novel advanced encoding scheme, which reduces both memory demand and execution time, and provides improved performance. The novel advanced encoding scheme known as the engine encoding, have been implemented in a multi-classifier, which combines the scaled probabilities, configuration information, and the discriminating abilities of the associated component classifiers. The problems of overloading and saturation experienced by traditional networks are solved by training the base classifiers on differing sub-sets of the required pattern classes and allowing the combiner classifier to derive a solution.Current Multi-classifier Systems are easily biased when trained on one class more often than another class, when patterns representing a class are very large compared to the rest, or when the multi-classifier depends on a certain fixed order of arrangement of pattern classes. A unique statistical arrangement method is hereby presented which aims to solve the bias problem. This statistical arrangement method also enhances independence of component classifiers.The system is demonstrated on the exemplar of fingerprint identification and utilizes a Weightless Neural System called the Enhanced Probabilistic Convergent Neural Network (EPCN) in a Multi-classifier System.
    Applied Soft Computing 03/2011; 11:2151-2163. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Artificial neural systems in general and weightless systems in particular, have traditionally struggled in performance terms when confronted with problem domains such as possessing a large number of independent pattern classes and pattern classes with non-standard distributions. A multi-classifier is proposed which explores problem domains with a large number of independent pattern classes typically found in forensic and security databases. Specifically, the multi-classifier system is demonstrated on the exemplar of fingerprint identification problem typical to forensic, biometric, and security. Furthermore, the multi-classifier is able to provide a reasonable solution to benchmark problems from medicinal and physical (science) fields, which are determining the health, state of thyroid glands and determining whether or not there is a structure in the ionosphere, respectively.
    Neural Processing Letters 01/2010; 31:25-44. · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Current weightless classifiers require historical data to model a system and make prediction about a system successfully. Historical data either is not always available or does not take a recent system modification into consideration. For this reason an adaptive filter is designed, which when employed with a weightless classifier enables system model, difficult to characterise system model, and system output prediction, successfully.
    ESANN 2010, 18th European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks, Bruges, Belgium, April 28-30, 2010, Proceedings; 01/2010
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    ABSTRACT: This paper explores the biometric identification and verification of human subjects via fingerprints utilising an adaptive FPGA-based weightless neural networks. The exploration espoused here is a hardware-based system motivated by the need for accurate and rapid response to identification of fingerprints which may be lacking in other alternative systems such as software based neural networks. The fingerprints are pre-processed and binarized, and the binarized fingerprints are partitioned into train- and test-set for the FPGA-based neural network. The neural network employed in this exploration is known as Enhanced Convergent Network (EPCN). The results obtained are compared to other alternative systems. They demonstrate the suitability of the FPGA-based EPCN for such tasks.
    Adaptive Hardware and Systems, NASA/ESA Conference on. 07/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: This paper investigates how human identification and identity verification can be performed by the application of an FPGA based weightless neural network, entitled the Enhanced Probabilistic Convergent Neural Network (EPCN), to the iris biometric modality. The human iris is processed for feature vectors which will be employed for formation of connectivity, during learning and subsequent recognition. The pre-processing of the iris, prior to EPCN training, is very minimal. Structural modifications were also made to the Random Access Memory (RAM) based neural network which enhances its robustness when applied in real-time.
    ESANN 2009, 17th European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks, Bruges, Belgium, April 22-24, 2009, Proceedings; 01/2009
  • ICINCO 2009, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics, Intelligent Control Systems and Optimization, Milan, Italy, July 2-5, 2009; 01/2009
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    ABSTRACT: This paper explores the significant practical difficulties inherent in mapping large artificial neural structures onto digital hardware. Specifically, a class of weightless neural architecture called the enhanced probabilistic convergent network is examined due to the inherent simplicity of the control algorithms associated with the architecture. The advantages for such an approach follow from the observation that, for many situations for which an intelligent machine requires very fast, unmanned, and uninterrupted responses, a PC-based system is unsuitable especially in electronically harsh and isolated conditions, The target architecture for the design is an FPGA, the Virtex-II pro which is statically and dynamically reconfigurable, enhancing its suitability for an adaptive weightless neural networks. This hardware is tested on a benchmark of unconstrained handwritten numbers from the National Institute Of Standards And Technology (NIST), USA.
    Adaptive Hardware and Systems, 2008. AHS '08. NASA/ESA Conference on; 07/2008
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    ABSTRACT: 123 Abstract - This paper examines the potential offered by adaptive hardware configurations of a class of weightless neural architecture called the Enhanced Probabilistic Convergent Network targeted on a Virtex-II pro FPGA which is re configurable. The reconfiguration and adaptive capability of the Enhanced Probabilistic Convergent Network is a highly adaptive architecture offering a very fast, automated, uninterrupted responses in potentially electronically harsh and isolated conditions. The hardware architecture is tested on a benchmark of unconstrained handwritten numerals from the Centre of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition .
    Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science. 01/2008;
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    Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2007, London, UK, 2-4 July, 2007; 01/2007

Publication Stats

10 Citations
3.92 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2011
    • University of Essex
      • School of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering
      Colchester, England, United Kingdom
  • 2008–2011
    • University of Kent
      • School of Engineering and Digital Arts
      Cantorbery, England, United Kingdom